Copyright Notice and Disclaimer

The WAC Clearinghouse is an open-access, educational Web site supported by Colorado State University. Copyrights and intellectual property rights on the materials on this site are held by the authors and editors who have contributed content to it (© 1997 - 2024). All rights are reserved. Feel free to quote from or to link to materials on this site, but reproduction of this material in any form is forbidden without the express written permission of the copyright holder(s). Permission requests can be directed to Mike Palmquist at

This site is published using the Masa CMS and the Lucee open-source CFML platform. Copyright to additional code used to support the Clearinghouse is held by Mike Palmquist and is used with permission. Additional copyrights (for instance, for materials used with permission of other authors, institutions, or organizations or for scripts developed and either purchased or used with permission) are indicated in the source code or in the "Contributors" link on pages within the site.

For more information on this project, please visit our site information page or contact Mike Palmquist at

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