The WAC Bibliography

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Welcome to the WAC Bibliography. The bibliography, developed and presented in collaboration with CompPile, was developed to support teachers across the disciplines who are interested in using writing and speaking in their courses; scholars who are interested in WAC theory and research; and program administrators, designers, and developers who have interests in the latest work in faculty outreach, program design, and assessment.

To view entries in the bibliography, follow the links to the right. If you are a member of the Clearinghouse, you can recommend new sources for the bibliography.

— Justin Jory
Bibliography Editor

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WAC in Two-Year Colleges

Abraham, Gladys W.. (1983). Writing: An institutionwide approach. In Sparrow, W. Keats; Nell Ann Pickett (Eds.), Technical and business communication in two-year programs; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: two-year, techcom, WAC
Agatucci, Cora; Jack McCown; Mike Sequeria; Bruce Emerson. (1994). Writing and learning across disciplinary boundaries in college math and science courses. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 377 501.
Keywords: Central Oregon Community College, two-year, WAC, problem-solving, program, assignment, mathematics-course, physics-course, syllabus
Ambron, Joanna. (1991). Conceptual learning and writing in the sciences. Teaching English in the Two-Year College 18.2, 114-120.
Keywords: clustering, pre-writing, multicultural, science-course, creativity, confidence, WAC, two-year
Ambron, Joanna. (1991). History of WAC and its role in community colleges. In Stanley, Linda C.; Joanna Ambron (Eds.), Writing across the curriculum in community colleges (New directions for community colleges, No. 73); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass [ERIC Documentation Reproduction Services, ED 330 420].
Keywords: WAC, history, two-year, London Schools Project
Anandam, Kamala. (1989). Miami-Dade Community College: Pragmatism and futurism. In Graves, William H. (Ed.), Computing across the curriculum: Academic perspectives; McKinney, TX: Academic Computing Publications.
Keywords: WAC, computer, Miami-Dade, two-year, computer-analysis, pragmatism, futuristic, future, pragmatic
Anderson, JoAnn Romeo; Nora Eisenberg; Harvey S. Wiener. (1991). Literacy and learning: Integrated skills reinforcement. In Stanley, Linda C.; Joanna Ambron (Eds.), Writing across the curriculum in community colleges (New directions for community colleges, No. 73); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass [ERIC Documentation Reproduction Services, ED 330 420].
Keywords: WAC, two-year, literacy, communications, 'integrated skills', integrated, reinforcement
Anonymous. (1956). Workshop Reports of the 1956 Conference On College Composition and Communication. College Composition and Communication 07.3, 120-172.
Keywords: English-profession, ESL, WPA, honors, testing, placement, comskills, media, training, gen-ed, wcenter, articulation, two-year, in-service, grading, spelling, linguistics, WAC, textbooks, listening, class-size
Anonymous. (1957). Workshop Reports of the 1957 Conference on College Composition and Communication. College Composition and Communication 08.3, 131-196.
Keywords: English-profession, ESL, WPA, testing, comskills, media, gen-ed, articulation, two-year, linguistics, WAC, class-size, population, research, basic, group, teacher-evaluation, reading, nonverbal symbolism, anthropology, classroom, discussion, standards, television, library, term-paper
Anonymous. (1960). Workshop reports of the 1960 Conference on College Composition and Ccommunication. College Composition and Communication 11.3, 129-181.
Keywords: research, linguistics, media, comskills, WAC, pedagogy, personal, articulation, textbooks, techcom, communication, speech, grammar, semantics, two-year, training, large-university, WPA, honors, industry
Anonymous. (1961). Workshop reports of the 1961 Conference on College Composition and Communication. College Composition and Communication 12.3, 130-192.
Keywords: government, two-year, comskills, reading, FYC, paperbacks, textbooks, linguistics, training, articulation, honors, Rutgers, basic, ESL, WPA, techcom, placement, testing, standards, grammar, usage, rhetoric, term-paper, CAI, WAC, government, research
Anthony, Mary Anne; Rancho Santiago Community College [Santa Ana, CA]. (1991). RSC classroom research consortium project: 1990-91/year-two report [Rancho Santiago College]. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 341 423.
Keywords: two-year, persistence, diversity, project, computer, critical-thinking, WAC, teacher-opinion, multiculturalism, portfolio
Arp, Lori; Kathleen Kenny. (1990). Vital connections: Composition and bibliographic instruction theory in the lRC [instructional resource center]. In Holleman, Margaret (Ed.), The role of the learning resources center in instruction (New directions for community colleges, No. 71); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Keywords: wcenter, learning-center, pedagogy, history, trend, two-year, critical-thinking, WAC, bibliographic, sources, bibliographic-search, resource-center
Ashworth, Thomas Edward. (1992). Using writing-to-learn strategies in community college associate degree nursing programs [doctoral thesis]. Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
Keywords: nursing, write-to-learn, two-year, WAC, critical-thinking, improvement, data
Baker, Edith Miriam. (1993). Voices in contexts: Study of writing and thinking across the curriculum in a two-year college [doctoral thesis]. Tuscon, AZ: University of Arizona.
Keywords: WAC, two-year, critical-thinking, contextual, voice
Balajthy, Ernest. (1989). Computers in curricula program for networked college level writing process instruction: A first year report. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 309 455.
Keywords: computer, ESL, mathematics-course, basic, WAC, tutorial, email, in-service, faculty-workshop, Curricula Network Project [New Jersey], two-year, process
Barnes, Marjorie. (1999). Writing-across-the-curriculum at Union County College. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 437 110.
Keywords: two-year, WAC, Union County College, program history, survey, faculty-opinion, English-not-English, faculty-workshop, wcenter, program-program-validation newsletter, data
Bayer, John. (1992). Group process and primary source materials: Collaborative analysis. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: WAC, group, sources, primary-sources, materials, collaboration, two-year, bibliographic-search, materials
Beauchamp, Fay. (2001). Brambles and jade: Metaphor, narrative, and the community college student. . ADE Bulletin, No. 127, 44-47.
Keywords: two-year, discipline-metaphor, bramble, jade, metaphoric, narrative, learning-theory, WAC, course-design, collaborative, teacher-student
Berger, Jeffrey. (1985). Beyond the workshop: Building faculty development into the WAC program. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 257 079.
Keywords: WAC, program, teacher-training, two-year, Community College of Philadelphia
Bertch, Julie. (1985). Writing for learning in the community college. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 256 458.
Keywords: WAC, program, two-year, South Mountain Community College [Phoenix, Arizona], implementation, faculty-workshop
Bertch, Julie. (1985). Writing for learning: Starting a writing across the curriculum program in the community college. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 256 387.
Keywords: two-year, implementation, program, WAC, write-to-learn
Bertch, Julie; Delryn R. Fleming. (1991). The WAC workshop. In Stanley, Linda C.; Joanna Ambron (Eds.), Writing across the curriculum in community colleges (New directions for community colleges, No. 73); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass [ERIC Documentation Reproduction Services, ED 330 420].
Keywords: WAC, two-year, faculty, workshop
Bertch, Julie; Maricopa County Community College District [Phoenix, AZ]. (1987). The Maricopa Writing Project, summer 1987: Project report. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 286 565.
Keywords: Maricopa Community College [Arizona], two-year, WAC, grant, summer, faculty-workshop, syllabus
Blau, Sheridan. (2010). Academic writing as participation: Writing your way in. In Sullivan, Patrick; Tinberg, Howard; Blau, Sheridan (Eds.), What is “college-level” writing? Volume 2: Assignments, Readings and Student Writing Samples; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Blau describes and models his methodology and classroom practice of a genre-specific approach that purports to enable the transition of high school, community college and first-year college students into the university academic discourse community. Blau bases his claims of efficacy on anecdotal reports, observations done in New York City community colleges and high school classrooms as well as the application of research and theory. Blau suggests that students ought to write share and discuss literary commentary so they can concretely enact the formation of genuine academic discursive practices. These student commentaries are used for longer papers where students read, respond to and cite each other’s work. Blau contends that this 'genre-creating program' promotes the 'critical thinking' that is essential to the reading and writing involved in 'college-level discourse' because it lends students academic authority, in that they are originators and evaluators of a shared classroom disciplinary textual [Rachel E. H. Edwards, Alignments and Alliences: Smoothing Students' Transitions from High School English to First-Year College Writing, WPA-CompPile Bibliographies, No. 20]
Keywords: school-college, two-year, research-method, New York City, discourse-community, genre-specific, disciplinary, convention, WAC, critical-thinking, research-practice, theory-practice, discursive, praxis
Blau, Susan R.. (1990). Writing across the curriculum as a subversive activity. Teaching English in the Two-Year College 17.3, 193-196.
Keywords: two-year, WAC, subversive
Bodino, Angela Adamides; Princeton University, Mid-Career Fellowship Program. (1988). Using writing to integrate the curriculum: The constructs at the core. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 297 787.
Keywords: two-year, WAC, gen-ed, core-curriculum, write-to-learn, assignment, interdisciplinary, intensive, syllabus, Raritan Valley Community College [New Jersey]
Carson, Diane. (1992). In class discussion promotes collaborative learning. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: WAC, collaborative, discussion, two-year
Carter, Sandra; Stephanie Layton; Katie McKay; Department of Education, Washington, D. C.. (1984). Reading and writing across the curriculum. Miami, FL: Department of Education, Miami-Dade Community College [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 259 777].
Keywords: WAC, read-write, Miami-Dade Community College, two-year, guidelines
Chowenhill, Dennis Charles. (1996). Faculty resistance to writing across the curriculum training: A study of two two-year colleges [doctoral thesis]. Berkeley, CA: University of California, Berkeley.
Keywords: WAC, faculty-opinion, resistance, retraining, two-year
Clark, Elvis G.. (1992). Cooperative learning for the research paper. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: collaboration, term-paper, WAC, two-year
Cogan, Felicia. (1992). Learning literature sans pipe and tweed. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, writing-about-lit
Copeland, Jeffrey S. (Ed.). (1987). Essays grown from a writing across the curriculum institute at Indian Hills Community College: Fostering cooperation and cohesion in writing instruction. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 294 182.
Keywords: WAC, two-year, Indian Hills Community College [Ottumwa, IA], cooperation, group, classroom-community, institute
Couch, Ruth. (1989). Dealing with objections to writing across the curriculum. Teaching English in the Two-Year College 16.3, 193-196.
Keywords: WAC, debate, pro-con, faculty-resistance, two-year
Cummins, Marsha Z.; Jacqueline Stuchin-Paprin; Judith R. Lambert. (1991). A solution to student-faculty mismatch. In Stanley, Linda C.; Joanna Ambron (Eds.), Writing across the curriculum in community colleges (New directions for community colleges, No. 73); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass [ERIC Documentation Reproduction Services, ED 330 420].
Keywords: WAC, two-year, staff, retraining, program, teacher-student
Cunningham, Billie M.. (1991). The impact of student writing in learning accounting. Community/Junior College Quarterly of Research and Practice 15.3, 317-325.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, two-year, Collin County Community College, accounting-course, contrast-group, current-traditional, journal-writing, course-grade, retention, data, student-writing
D'Alessio, Diane; Margaret Riley. (2002). Scaffolding writing skills for ESL students in an education class at a community college. [fulltext]. WAC Journal 13, 79-89.
Keywords: ESL, two-year, WAC, scaffolding, skill-level, education-course
Dallas, Susan; Center for the Study of Community Colleges [Los Angeles, CA]. (1982). The literacy crisis (CSCC Bulletin, Issue 5). ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 220 131.
One of the most difficult problems facing colleges today is dealing with students whose basic skills are too low to allow them to benefit from college-level studies. While some institutions seem to have given up expectations for underprepared students' achievement, others have instituted massive programs of individualized counseling and tutoring as a supplement to remedial coursework. Evidence suggests that these compensatory programs are effective in increasing reading levels and lowering dropout rates; however, these programs also introduce a number of problems and questions of program design, costs, teacher morale, and selective admissions. Several options are available to colleges to reconcile the conflict between maintaining academic standards and open admissions. Most practical and desirable may be to allow any student to enroll in any course, but to limit the number of courses a poorly prepared student may take and mandate the use of support services. Poor writing ability may be improved by an approach called "writing across the curriculum." Based on the premise that writing can and should have an integral role in any course, the approach utilizes techniques including journals and notebooks, which can be extremely versatile teaching tools in many disciplines, and brief, in-class writing periods, which can stimulate discussion, clarify issues, and reinforce learning experiences. (Brief descriptions of remedial, English as a Second Language, and study skills programs at six multi-campus urban community college districts are included.) [ERIC]
Keywords: decline, underprepared, basic, open-admissions, WAC, needs-analysis, pedagogy, two-year
Daro, Philip; Solomon Garfunkel (co-chairs, mathematics panel); Richard P. Duran; Sally Hampton; Catherine E. Snow (co-chairs, English panel). (2013). What does it really mean to be college and work ready? The mathematics and English literacy required of first year community college students. Washington, D. C.: National Center on Education and the Economy.
Keywords: readiness, school-college, two-year, mathematics, literacy, data, textbook-analysis, age-level, complexity, complexity, argumentation, reading level, WAC, assignment
Defever, Susanna Mason. (1980). A college takes a community approach to writing. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 217 921.
Keywords: two-year, St. Clair Community College, self-validation, needs-analysis, WAC, survey, faculty-opinion, faculty-workshop, school-college, articulation, community
Dillon, Timothy J.; Monroe County Community College. (1995). Writing Across the Curriculum annual report, 1994-95. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 385 301.
Keywords: WAC, Monroe Community College [Michigan], two-year, teaching-fellow, wcenter, peer-tutor, data, program-validation, questionnaire, newsletter, frequency, assignment, genre, mode, disciplinary, data, student-opinion, faculty-opinion, annual-report
Dillon, Timothy J.; Monroe County Community College [Michigan]. (1996). Monroe County Community College Writing Across the Curriculum annual report, 1995-96. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 398 994.
Keywords: Monroe Community College, two-year, WAC, program-validation, data, assignment, student-opinion, wcenter, teacher-opinion, annual-report
Dunne, Joseph F.. (1992). Small groups as teaching/learning communities. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: group, project, collaboration, WAC, two-year, small group
Durfee, Patricia; Ann Sova; Libby Bay; Nancy leech; Robert Fearrien; Ruth Lucas. (1991). Formalizing WAC in the curriculum: Writing-emphasis courses. In Stanley, Linda C.; Joanna Ambron (Eds.), Writing across the curriculum in community colleges (New directions for community colleges, No. 73); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass [ERIC Documentation Reproduction Services, ED 330 420].
Keywords: WAC, two-year, advanced, writing-intensive
East, Mary E. (Judy). (1992). Writing to learn and co-operative learning go hand-in-hand when teaching an intro to computers class. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, computer-course, collaboration, two-year
Ebert, Dineen. (1992). Directories: Writing to learn and reading strategies in the WordPerfect classroom. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, read-write, reader-strategy, computer-classroom, directory-writing, two-year
Farmer, Mary. (1992). Critical reading, writing to learn, and co-operative learning in the life science course. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, biology-course, critical-thinking, reading, two-year
Fedderson, Kim. (1994). Limited literacies: English instruction in Ontario's community colleges. In Schryer, Catherine F.; Laurence Steven (Eds.), Contextual literacy: Writing across the curriculum; Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada: Inkshed Publications.
Keywords: WAC, Canada, Ontario, two-year, pedagogy, literacy, limitation
Felter, Maryanne; Daniel F. Schultz. (1998). Network discussions for teaching western civilization. In Reiss, Donna; Dickie Selfe; Art Young (Eds.), Electronic communication across the curriculum; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 416 561].
Keywords: computer, WAC, Cayuga Community College, two-year, history-course, Western civilization, networked, assignment, collaboration
Garrett, Toni. (1992). A collaborative learning project in a math survey class. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: WAC, mathematics-course, group, project, collaboration, two-year
Godwin, Christine M.. (1991). The writing consultancy project. In Stanley, Linda C.; Joanna Ambron (Eds.), Writing across the curriculum in community colleges (New directions for community colleges, No. 73); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass [ERIC Documentation Reproduction Services, ED 330 420].
Keywords: WAC, two-year, consultancy
Goldblatt, Eli. (2007). Because we live here: Sponsoring literacy beyond the college curriculum. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.
Using Saul Alinsky's community organizing methods and Dewey's progressive education models, the author shows how university writing programs can treat community writing needs as a central focus of their programmatic work. Chapters 1-4 focus on a set of connections between the Temple University writing program and local high schools, a community college, and community groups, analyzing the writing conflicts inherent in such issues as transfer, curriculum continuity, and funding. Chapters 5 and 6 analyze the movement of literacy problems and possibilities among the sites detailed in the first half of the book. The author proposes moving beyond WAC/WID to Writing Beyond the Curriculum (WBC), so that writing programs can see their institutions as 'one among many' writing actors in local settings, a frame which students, too, must develop in order to truly understand writing as a social act. [Rebecca Lorimer]. [Rebecca Lorimer & David Stock, Service Learning Initiatives: Implementation and Administration; WPA-CompPile Research Bibliographies, No. 13].
Keywords: service-learning, community literacy, Temple University, community-service, extracurricular, college-community, school-college, WAC, John Dewey, Sharon Crowley, New London Group, FYC, placement, basic, vocational, two-year, Saul Alinsky, activism, grant-writing, skill-transfer
Grattan, Mary C.; Susan P. Robbins. (1979). The writing center after one year: Some myths and recommendations. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 188 203.
Keywords: two-year, wcenter, needs-analysis, implementation, WAC, drill, teacher variance, model-essay, evaluation, faculty myth, recommendations
Grattan, Mary C.; Susan P. Robbins. (1983). Content area models: A key to student writing improvement in writing center programs. Teaching English in the Two-Year College 09.2, 117-122.
Keywords: two-year, imitation, WAC, content-course, pedagogy, model-essay, improvement, student-writing, wcenter, program
Greene, Brenda M.; Leon P. Johnson; William C. Harris; John M. Flowers. (1990). Revitalizing writing across the curriculum: Writing in the sciences. Community Review 11.1-2, 26-38.
Keywords: WAC, program, two-year, Medgar Evers College, chemistry-course, computer-science-course, summary-writing, writing-productivity, grading scale, criteria-sheet
Grisdale, Ernie. (1992). Critical thinking through writing in chemistry. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, chemistry-course
Hale, Cheryl. (1992). Reading newspapers in search of psychology. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: write-to-learn, psychology-course, newspaper, reading, WAC, two-year
Hammons-Bryner, Sue; Bobbie Robinson. (1994). Excitement in core curriculum classes. College Teaching 42.3, 97-100.
Keywords: learning-community, interdisciplinary, team-teaching, two-year, history-course, literature-course, student-motivation, enthusiasm, syllabus, WAC, core-curriculum
Harris, Barbara; Jan Newhouse. (1992). Meyers-Briggs and learning and writing styles. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, learning-style, style, Myers-Briggs, two-year, style
Hartman, Virginia. (1992). Thinking through writing in business. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, bizcom
Healy, Dave; Murray Jensen. (1996). Using feedback groups and an editorial board in a WAC classroom. Teaching English in the Two-Year College 23.1, 57-63.
Keywords: peer-evaluation, edit group, editorial board, WAC, two-year, pedagogy
Herzog, Donald James. (1988). Writing across the curriculum: The community college [doctoral thesis]. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas.
Keywords: WAC, two-year
Hirsch, Linda. (1982). Developing a plan for language skills integration into content areas. In Kwalick, Barry; Marcia Silver; Virginia Slaughter (Eds.), Selected papers from the 1982 conference 'New York Writes: Kindergarten through College'; New York: The City University of New York, Instructional Recource Center, Office of Academic Affairs [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 234 401].
Keywords: two-year, WAC, Hostos Community College, CUNY, integrated
Hirsch, Linda. (1989). Are principles of writing across the curriculum applicable to ESL students in content courses? Research findings. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 319 264.
Keywords: WAC, gain, data, contrast-group, two-year, Hostos Community College (SUNY), ESL, focus group, tutoring, contrast-group, grades, gain, data, persistence, drop-out, persistence, ancillary, principle
Hirsch, Linda; Joanne Nadal; Linda Shohet. (1991). Adapting language across the curriculum to diverse linguistic populations. In Stanley, Linda C.; Joanna Ambron (Eds.), Writing across the curriculum in community colleges (New directions for community colleges, No. 73); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass [ERIC Documentation Reproduction Services, ED 330 420].
Keywords: WAC, two-year, diversity, minority
Holladay, John; Monroe County Community College [Michigan]. (1987). Institutional project grant: A report on research into writing-across-the-curriculum projects. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 298 995.
Keywords: two-year, Michigan, survey, data, Monroe County Community, WAC, needs-analysis, implementation, grant, program
Holmes, Lynda A.. (2001). What do students mean when they say, I hate writing. Teaching English in the Two-Year College 29.2, 172-178.
Keywords: two-year, self-evaluation, emotion, student-attitude, student-opinion, case-study, self-efficacy
Hughes-Wiener, Gail; Gerald R. Martin. (1989). Results of instructional research in a writing across the curriculum staff development program. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 305 967.
Keywords: WAC, two-year, Minnesota Community College, staff, retraining, student-interview, teacher-interview, student-opinion, faculty-opinion, validation, holistic, assessment, disciplinary, primary-trait, pre-post, gain, grammar, data, feature
Hughes-Wiener, Gail; Susan K. Jensen-Cekalla. (1991). Organizing a WAC evaluation project: Implications for program planning. In Stanley, Linda C.; Joanna Ambron (Eds.), Writing across the curriculum in community colleges (New directions for community colleges, No. 73); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass [ERIC Documentation Reproduction Services, ED 330 420].
Keywords: WAC, two-year, program-design, program-validation, change, implication, organizing
Ingham, Zita (Ed.); Pima Community College [Tucson, AZ]. (1986). Writing across the curriculum sample assignments, 1986-1987. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 296 743.
Keywords: two-year, Pima Community College [Arizona], WAC, assignment, sample
Jordan, Diane Martin; Michael Moorhead. (1989). Writing across the curriculum: The mentor project. Teaching English in the Two-Year College 16.2, 99-103.
Keywords: WAC, mentor, teacher-cooperation, two-year, mentor
Kalfus, Richard. (1992). Critical thinking activities. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: critical-thinking, WAC, pedagogy, two-year
Kasper, Loretta F.. (2000). The imagery of rhetoric: Film and academic writing in the disciplined-based ESL course. Teaching English in the Two-Year College 28.1, 52-59.
Keywords: two-year, film, academic, ESL, WAC, interdisciplinary, visual, imagery
Kuhn, David J.. (1990). Attitudes of allied health students toward writing in community college science courses. Community/Junior College Quarterly of Research and Practice 14.3, 189-198.
Keywords: science-course, allied health, student-attitude, skill, self-evaluation, data, two-year, WAC
Landsburg, David; Stanley Witt. (1984). Writing across the curriculum: One small step. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 248 922. Innovation Abstracts 06.13 (April).
A writing-across-the-curriculum program has been initiated at the East Campus of Pima Community College in an effort to improve student literacy. The program operates in the following manner: (1) faculty in all disciplines on campus are asked to get involved in the program, those who participate being paid a one-time fee of $100 for their efforts; (2) participating faculty develop a writing assignment which meets prescribed criteria, such as proper formatting, acceptable documentation, and correct language usage; (3) students complete the assignment and submit their paper to the course instructor; (4) the course instructor submits the papers to a "Collateral Grader," a writing instructor who grades the papers for mechanics; (5) the "Collateral Grader" marks all detected errors in each paper and makes an overall evaluation indicating that the paper passes or must be rewritten; (6) the course instructor grades the passing papers for content and determines the course grade; and (7) participating faculty evaluate the process at the end of the course. The use of the "Collateral Grader" has several advantages; e.g., students receive writing feedback from an instructor who has the skills to effectively grade grammar, spelling, punctuation, and usage; awareness of the need for campus-wide writing standards is generated; and student-teacher negotiation concerning the importance of writing skills is reduced. Survey results show positive responses from both students and faculty. [ERIC]
Keywords: WAC, Pima Community College [Arizona], two-year, program, outside grading, evaluation
Leach, Judith. (1992). Connecting students' experiences to course content through collaborative learning. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: WAC, collaboration, experiential, course-content, two-year
Legge, Anne. (1992). I was forced to think (English). In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, literature-course
Long, Thomas Lawrence. (2008). Rescuing reading: The community college, general education, and literary reading across curricula. ADE Bulletin, No. 145, 33-36.
Keywords: reading, literature-course, two-year, gen-ed, WAC, cultural-studies, interdisciplinary-studies
Lubbers, Egbert. (1942). The college workbook put to work. Junior College Journal 13.2, 89-92.
Keywords: two-year, economics-course, WAC, write-to-learn, learning-log
Macomber, Martha. (1999). Writing and belonging to the college community: A direct connection. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 10, 41-48.
Keywords: WAC, two-year, student-knowledge
Malinowski, Walt. (1992). HLT 116 personal wellness classes. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, wellness-course
Mauermeyer, Carol K.. (1988). Writing-across-the-curriculum intervention at one community college: A case study of the innovation-decision process [doctoral thesis]. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers The State University of New Jersey-New Brunswick.
Keywords: WAC, two-year, case-study, Karl Roger, model, performative, innovation
McGrath, Dennis; Martin B. Spear. (1991). The academic crisis of the community college. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Keywords: two-year, crisis, WAC
McMullen, Hal. (1992). Augmenting critical thinking through writing in an introductory philosophy course. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, philosophy-course, introductory, philosophy
Miller, Margaret Rigby. (1996). A comparison of the defining characteristics of college-level course work between and among English and mathematics faculty at a community college and a university [doctoral thesis]. Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
Keywords: two-year-four-year, cross-disciplinary, mathematics-course, WAC, syllabus
Mueller, Roseanna M.. (1986). Teaching writing through literature: Toward the acquisition of a knowledge base. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 273 963.
Keywords: writing-about-lit, literature-course, review-of-scholarship, department, curriculum, bridging, two-year, WAC, bibliography, write-to-learn
Murphy, Maureen. (1992). Directed reading guides yield creative assessment procedures. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: WAC, assignment-sheet, reading, creative, evaluation, two-year
Nakamura, Caroline; Robert Fearrien; Sheldon Hershinow. (1984). Write to learn: Writing-across-the-curriculum at Kapiolani Community College: A panel presentation. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 252 252.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, Kapiolani Community College, two-year
Neely, Lahna. (1992). Thinking through writing about art. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, art-course
Obler, Susan Sellman. (1985). Writing across the curriculum practices of full-time faculty in selected community colleges [doctoral thesis]. Austin, TX: University of Texas at Austin.
Keywords: WAC, two-year, California, pedagogy, survey
Odell, Lee. (1991). On using writing. In Stanley, Linda C.; Joanna Ambron (Eds.), Writing across the curriculum in community colleges (New directions for community colleges, No. 73); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass [ERIC Documentation Reproduction Services, ED 330 420].
Keywords: process, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, assignment, write-to-learn
Papay, Twila Yates. (1983). Across the curriculum: Training college faculty in developmental education. Teaching English in the Two-Year College 09.3, 193-198.
Keywords: WAC, two-year, retraining, basic, faculty-workshop
Parker, Robert P.; Vera Goodkin. (1981). Writing across the curriculum programs in New Jersey's public colleges. Community/Junior College Research Quarterly 05, 323-330.
Keywords: survey, WAC, two-year, New Jersey, public institution, data
Paulsen, Kathleen East. (1984). A test of two strategies: Effects on performance and perceived self-efficacy of students in a community college writing skills program [doctoral thesis]. Santa Barbara, CA: University of California, Santa Barbara.
Keywords: subliminal-stimulation, gain, imaging, self-evaluation, self-efficacy, two-year
Penney, Nancy. (1992). Introduction to thinking through writing. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year
Penney, Nancy. (1992). Thinking through writing (English). In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, literature-course
Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College. (1992). Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: two-year, WAC, Lord Fairfax Community College [Fairfax, VA], write-to-learn, critical-thinking
Pond, Gloria Dribble. (1978). Writing needs in the community college. The Leaflet 77.2, 26-27.
Keywords: two-year, term-paper, survey, assignment, WAC
Rapp, Adrian; Lynda Dodgen. (1992). Shooting research from the H.I.P.P.S. and making a killing for ourselves [hypothesis, involvement, participation, practice, sharing]. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 350 036.
Keywords: two-year, social-science-course, teacher-student, cooperative researching, HIPPS, hypothesis, data-collection, table data-analysis, summary-writing, report-writing, oral-presentation, WAC, sharing, involvement, participation, student-as-researcher
Reiss, Donna. (1996). From WAC to CCCAC: Writing across the curriculum becomes communication, collaboration, and critical thinking (and computers) across the curriculum at Tidewater Community College. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 412 553.
Keywords: Tidewater Community College [Virginia], two-year, WAC, faculty-workshop, program-validation, critical-thinking, interdisciplinary
Rhodes, Barbara C.. (1993). Learning through writing: Teachers' perceptions and pedagogical strategies in three academic disciplines at a community college [doctoral thesis]. Indiana, PA: Indiana University of Pennsylvania.
Keywords: two-year, write-to-learn, academic, disciplinary, teacher-perception, teacher-as-writer, WAC, program, teacher-attitude, pedagogy
Roberts, Leslie . (2008). An analysis of the national TYCA Research Initiative Survey Section IV: Writing across the curriculum and writing centers in two-year college English programs. Teaching English in the Two-Year College 36.2, 138-152.
Keywords: two-year, TYCA, Two-year College Association Research Initiative Survey, data, WAC, wcenter, program, initiative
Robinson, Agnes. (1988). Writing across the curriculum and the student in the two-year college. In Killingsworth, Jimmie; Donald H. Cunningham; Laurie L. Jones (Eds.); Texas Tech University; Designing writing assignments for vocational-technical courses: A guide for teachers in the two-year college and technical institute; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 298 331.
Keywords: WAC, two-year
Rose, Lisa; Rachel Theilheimer. (2002). You write what you know: Writing, learning, and student construction of knowledge. [fulltext]. WAC Journal 12, 17-30.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, foreknowledge, background, learning-theory, program-validation, Manhattan Community College, CUNY, two-year
Rose, Lisa; Rachel Theilheimer. (2002). You write what you know: Writing, learning, and student construction of knowledge. [fulltext]. WAC Journal 13, 17-30.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, foreknowledge, background, learning-theory, program-validation, Manhattan Community College, CUNY, two-year
Rosenwasser, Marie. (1983). Faculty renewal, basic learning skills, and student success: An overlooked relationship?. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 244 651.
Keywords: North Seattle Community College, two-year, WAC, retraining, survey, data, study skills
Scroggins, Fredna Carlson. (1992). Improving assessment in general psychology. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: WAC, psychology-course, evaluation, two-year
Selove, Ramon. (1992). Teaching concepts through writing in an anatomy and physiology class. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, anatomy-course, physiology-course
Sherman, Debora C.. (1976). An innovative community college program integrating the fundamentals of reading and writing with a college level introductory psychology course. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 131 433.
Keywords: psychology-course, WAC, read-write, two-year, pedagogy, syllabus, innovation, integrated, introductory
Simmons, JoAn McGuire (Ed.); with Joan Clemons, Howard Cohen, Porter Ewing, Fay Hall, Mary Ellen Guffey; Betty Hartwig; William Loiterman; Miriam Minkoff; Lee Musgrave; Rodney Oakes; Edward Serrano; Beverly Shue; Gwendolyn Spears; Sue Verity; George Wistreich; University of California, Los Angeles, Office of Academic Interinstitutional Programs; Los Angeles Community College District. (1983). The shortest distance to learning: A guidebook to writing across the curriculum. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 241 073.
Keywords: WAC, two-year, motivation, learning-log, write-to-learn, essay-exam, evaluation, teacher-manual, guidelines
Spear, Martin B.; Dennis McGrath; Evan Seymour. (1991). Toward a new paradigm in writing across the curriculum. In Stanley, Linda C.; Joanna Ambron (Eds.), Writing across the curriculum in community colleges (New directions for community colleges, No. 73); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass [ERIC Documentation Reproduction Services, ED 330 420].
Keywords: WAC, two-year, literacy, decline, expertise, academic, paradigm
Stanfill, Silver. (1978). Working with content-area colleagues or what's a teacher like you doing in a course like this?. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 154 353.
Keywords: two-year, WAC, teacher-cooperation, survey, faculty-opinion, data, one-sentence, summary-writing, assignment, overhead projector
Stanley, Linda C.. (1991). Writing-to-learn assignments: The journal and the microtheme. In Stanley, Linda C.; Joanna Ambron (Eds.), Writing across the curriculum in community colleges (New directions for community colleges, No. 73); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass [ERIC Documentation Reproduction Services, ED 330 420].
Keywords: WAC, two-year, assignment, write-to-learn, journal, microtheme
Stanley, Linda; Joanna Ambron (Eds.). (1991). Writing across the curriculum in community colleges. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Keywords: WAC, two-year
Sterling-Deer, Carolyn. (2009). Writing in the disciplines, technology, and disciplinary grounding. [fulltext]. Across the Disciplines 06.
Drawing on Boix Mansilla’s (2004) criteria for assessing students’ disciplinary knowledge and potential to make interdisciplinary connections, Sterling-Deer’s study explores the use of Blackboard eLearning course management technology and ePortfolio technology to share course materials and to increase student reflection. Sterling-Deer discusses students’ writing and their abilities to link to supporting documents as demonstrates of their learning. She argues that these ePortfolios illustrate students’ struggles to provide their own academically and/or professionally focused ePortfolios despite the general-purpose ePortfolio templates. Her work suggests that students at LaGuardia Community College, CUNY are aware of the potential distribution of their work to multiple audiences, whereas the templates in the ePortfolio software insist on a single format/audience approach. [Carl Whithaus, Distributive Evaluation, WPA-CompPile Research Bibliographies, No. 3]
Keywords: WAC, WID, education-course, capstone, undergraduate, childhood, LaGuardia Community College/CUNY, two-year, eportfolio, writing-intensive, interdisciplinary, validation, learning-community, evaluation, distribution
Storlie, Erik F.; Mary Barwise. (1985). Asking good questions: Crafting good writing assignments. Minneapolis, MN: Minneapolis Community College.
Keywords: WAC, two-year, Minneapolis Community College, assignment-designing, question-setting, teacher-strategy, sample
Storlie, Erik F.; Mary Barwise; Minneapolis Community College. (1985). Asking good questions, getting good writing: A teacher's handbook on writing across the curriculum at Minneapolis Community College. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 280 019.
Keywords: WAC, Minneapolis Community College, two-year, teacher-manual, handbook, quality
Stout, Barbara R.; Joyce N. Magnotto. (1988). Writing across the curriculum at community colleges. In McLeod, Susan H. (Ed.), Strengthening programs for writing across the curriculum; San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Keywords: WAC, two-year
Stout, Barbara R.; Joyce N. Magnotto. (1991). Building on realities: WAC programs at community colleges. In Stanley, Linda C.; Joanna Ambron (Eds.), Writing across the curriculum in community colleges (New directions for community colleges, No. 73); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass [ERIC Documentation Reproduction Services, ED 330 420].
Keywords: WAC, program, two-year, survey, data, nation-wide
Thomas, Rosemary. (1992). Using active questioning techniques to enhance lecture/discussion classes. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: WAC, questioning, discussion, large-class, lecture, two-year
Tobia, Susan; Joseph Howard. (1990). How to strengthen a faculty development program: Before, during, and after. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 322 488.
Keywords: two-year, Community College of Philadelphia, WAC, faculty-workshop, summer, syllabus
Tusing, Gary. (1992). Writing to learn in introduction to microcomputer software. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, computer-course, software
VanVickle, Linda. (1992). Beginning at the end. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: WAC, two-year
Vazquez, John D.. (1992). Implementation of integrated skills reinforcement teaching and learning strategies in the social sciences, behavioral sciences and Puerto Rican and Latin-American studies courses. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 343 165.
Keywords: data, gain, WAC, Skills Reinforcement, La Guardia Community College, two-year, student-centered, ESL, native-nonnative, sociology-course, oral-presentation, collaborative, narrative-log, vocabulary, academic, social-science, behavioral, implementation, integrated, learner-strategy, Puerto Rico, Latin America, social
Williams, Dana Nicole. (1991). Sources and information. In Stanley, Linda C.; Joanna Ambron (Eds.), Writing across the curriculum in community colleges (New directions for community colleges, No. 73); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass [ERIC Documentation Reproduction Services, ED 330 420].
Keywords: WAC, two-year, annotated, bibliography
Williams, Dana Nicole; ERIC Clearinghouse for Junior Colleges. (1989). Writing across the curriculum programs at community colleges (ERIC digest). ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 333 952.
Keywords: WAC, two-year, bibliography
Witt, Stanley P.. (1991). Beyond writing across the curriculum: The Community Communication Corps. In Stanley, Linda C.; Joanna Ambron (Eds.), Writing across the curriculum in community colleges (New directions for community colleges, No. 73); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass [ERIC Documentation Reproduction Services, ED 330 420].
Keywords: WAC, two-year, wcenter, 'Communication Corp'
Wittman, Eugene. (1986). Blue Ridge Technical College Writing Project. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 269 799.
Keywords: WAC, two-year, Blue Ridge Technical College (North Carolina), vocational, genre, assignment, summary-writing, definition-writing, journal-writing, technical-writing
Ziegler, William W.. (1991). What you know and how you write it: A project for teaching and assessing writing across the curriculum. Community/Junior College Quarterly of Research and Practice 15.4, 395-406.
Keywords: academic, Mary Washington College, two-year, pedagogy, WAC