The WAC Bibliography

View the Bibliography
View Entire Bibliography
Conduct a Custom Search
View Categories
Writing in the Disciplines
Writing to Learn
Program Design [Expand More]
Faculty Concerns
WAC in Two-Year Colleges
WAC in the Schools
WAC in the Disciplines [Expand More]
WAC Assessment
Pedagogy [Expand More]
Writing Processes
Writing Conventions
Genre [Expand More]
WAC and Writing Centers/Learning Centers
Writing Fellows Programs
WAC and Second-Language Writing
Service and Experiential Learning
Discourse Analysis
Graduate Students

Add Add a Source
Welcome to the WAC Bibliography. The bibliography, developed and presented in collaboration with CompPile, was developed to support teachers across the disciplines who are interested in using writing and speaking in their courses; scholars who are interested in WAC theory and research; and program administrators, designers, and developers who have interests in the latest work in faculty outreach, program design, and assessment.

To view entries in the bibliography, follow the links to the right. If you are a member of the Clearinghouse, you can recommend new sources for the bibliography.

— Justin Jory
Bibliography Editor

Important Note: We're seeing some occasional connection errors when we connect to the CompPile databse. We're working on the problem and hope to have it addressed soon. In the meantime, if you get an error message when searching the database, please refresh the page. We apologize for the inconvenience.

WAC in Large Classes

Anonymous. (1956). Workshop Reports of the 1956 Conference On College Composition and Communication. College Composition and Communication 07.3, 120-172.
Keywords: English-profession, ESL, WPA, honors, testing, placement, comskills, media, training, gen-ed, wcenter, articulation, two-year, in-service, grading, spelling, linguistics, WAC, textbooks, listening, class-size
Anonymous. (1957). Workshop Reports of the 1957 Conference on College Composition and Communication. College Composition and Communication 08.3, 131-196.
Keywords: English-profession, ESL, WPA, testing, comskills, media, gen-ed, articulation, two-year, linguistics, WAC, class-size, population, research, basic, group, teacher-evaluation, reading, nonverbal symbolism, anthropology, classroom, discussion, standards, television, library, term-paper
Anonymous. (1959). The basic issues in the teaching of English, being definitions and clarifications presented by members of the American Sstudies Association, College English Association, Modern Language Association, and National Council of Teachers of English. Champaign, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: English-profession, aim, competency, proficiency, basic, pedagogy, read-write, national standards, speech, class-size, work-load, technology, audiovisual, WAC, graduate, certification, English-ed, training, rhetoric, linguistics, lit-crit, articulation, DA-degree, contemporary
Beall, Herbert. (1991). In-class writing in general chemistry. Chemical Education 68, 148-149.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, lecture, class-size, in-class
Beall, Herbert; John Trimbur. (1993). Writing in chemistry: Keys to student underlife. College Teaching 41.2, 50-54.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, in-class, impromptu, large-class, lecture, teacher-knowledge, student-resistance, teacher-resistance
Bernhardt, Stephen A.. (1985). Writing across the curriculum at one university: A survey of faculty members and students. ADE Bulletin, no. 82, 55-59.
Keywords: WAC, survey, data, frequency, class-size, faculty attitude, assignment, testing, assignment, genre
Berquist, Goodwin; V.Tiefel; B. Waggenspack. (1986). Coping with the critical essay in a large lecture course. Communication Education 35.4, 396-399.
Keywords: WAC, assignment, library, critical-bibliography, critical-essay, sequence, large-class, lecture, team-teaching, coping
Bostian, Lloyd R.. (1983). Even in classes of 100 to 150, personalization is possible. Journalism Educator 38.2, 8-10.
Keywords: journalism-course, agriculture-course, large-class, class-size, WAC, exercise, review question, tutorial, presentation, individualization
Burrell, Karen Irene; Patricia J. McAlexander. (1998). The synthesis journal. Journal of Developmental Education 22.1, 20-30.
Keywords: journal-writing, synthesis journal, synthesis, academic, critical-thinking, WAC, reading, lecture, note-taking, discussion, personal experience
Church, Kathleen; Arizona Board of Regents. (1988). Undergraduate literacy programs at Arizona universities. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 306 802.
Keywords: literacy, Arizona, program, FYC, survey, class-size, guidelines, change, WAC, literacy program, undergraduate
Clanton, Gordon. (1997). A semi-painless way to improve student writing. Thought and Action 13.1, 21-30.
Keywords: WAC, brevity, assignment, guidelines, evaluation, criteria, conferencing, one-on-one, improvement, lecture, arrangement, student-writing
Committee on Basic Issues. (1959). The basic issues in the teaching of English. A conference report. Publications of the Modern Language Association 74.4 (pt. 2), 1-12.
Keywords: English-profession, aim, competency, proficiency,basic, pedagogy, read-write, national standards, speech, class-size, work-load, drudgery, technology, audiovisual, WAC, graduate, certification, English-ed, training, rhetoric, linguistics, lit-crit, articulation, DA-degree
Davis, Larry Eugene; et al.. (1991). Student abstract writing as a tool for writing across the curriculum in large introductory-geology courses. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 178-180.
Keywords: geology, large-class, lecture, abstract-writing, WAC, concision, write-to-learn, evaluation, introductory
Donnelly, John Patrick. (1989). A term paper project in large survey courses. History Teacher 22.2, 117-124.
Keywords: term-paper, class-size, large-class, lecture, assignment, biography-writing, sketch, student-opinion, WAC
Eastman, Arthur M.. (1981). The foreign mission of the university English department. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 215 349.
Keywords: English-ed, department, mission, FYC, class-size, WAC, National Writing Project, school-college, faculty-workshop, Virginia Polytechnic Institute
Eisen, Arri. (1996). 'Disease of the Week' reports: Catalysts for writing and participation in large classes. Journal of College Science Teaching 15.5, 331-333.
Keywords: biology-course, class-size, large-class, lecture, WAC, assignment, science-writing, Disease of the Week, participation
Faust, Jennifer L.; Donald R. Paulson. (1998). Active learning in the college classroom. Journal on Excellence in College Teaching 09.2, 3-24.
Keywords: active-learning, large-class, lecture, WAC, listening, group, exercise, class-size
Ferlazzo, Paul J.. (1986). Experimenting with freshman writing. ADE Bulletin, no. 83, 25-27.
Keywords: FYC, change, Montana State University, class-size, teaching-load, WAC, wcenter, peer-tutor, collaboration, workshopping, assignment, sequence
Fulwiler, Toby. (1984). How well does writing across the curriculum work?. College English 46.2, 113-125.
Keywords: WAC, faculty-workshop, attitude, turf, class-size, program-validation, community, pedagogy, tenure, promotion
Geske, Joel. (1992). Overcoming the drawbacks of the large lecture class. College Teaching 40.4, 151-154.
Keywords: WAC, large-class, lecture, communications-course, advertising-course, oral-presentation, microtheme
Gottschalk, Katherine K.. (1984). Writing in the non-writing class: 'I'd love to teaching writing, but...'. In Bogel, Fredric V.; Katherine K. Gottschalk (Eds.), Teaching prose: A guide for writing instructors; New York: Norton.
Keywords: WAC, pedagogy, class-size, write-to-learn
Grabau, Larry J.; Patricia S. Wilson. (1995). Jumping on thin ice: Values argument writing assignment for a large enrollment plant science class. Journal of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Education 24.2, 185-189.
Keywords: biology-course, plant science, class-size, large-class, lecture, library skills, argumentation, WAC, assignment
Hallet, Rhonda. (1997). Promoting language skills through collaboration between content lecturers and language specialists. In Golebiowsky, Zofia; Helen Borland (Eds.), Academic communication across disciplines and cultures: Selected proceedings of the National Conference on Teritary Literacy: Research and Practice (Vol. 2); Melbourne, Australia: Victorial University of Technology Press.
Keywords: WAC, teacher-cooperation, pedagogy, lecturer, content-course, ESL specialist
Hampson, Norman. (1989). Tutorials. History Teacher 22.3, 239-244.
Keywords: history-course, tutorial, lecture, student-centered, write-to-learn, WAC, tutoring, tutorial
Hirt, Douglas E.. (1995). Student journals: Are they beneficial in lecture courses?. Chemical Engineering Education 29.1, 62-64.
Keywords: chemical-engineering-course, journal-writing, pedagogy, write-to-learn, WAC, sample, informal, lecture, class-size
Hobson, Eric H.; K. W. Schafermeyer. (1994). Writing and critical thinking: Writing-to-learn in large classes. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 58, 423-427.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, critical-thinking, class-size, pharmacy-course, large-class
Hobson, Eric H.; Kenneth W. Schafermeyer. (1994). Writing and critical thinking: Writing-to-learn in large classes. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 58.4, 423-427.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, critical-thinking, pharmacy-course, large-class, lecture, exercise, self-evaluation, peer-evaluation, commenting
Jewett, John W., Jr.. (1991). Learning introductory physics through required writing assignments. Journal of College Science Teaching 21.1, 20-25.
Keywords: WAC, physics-course, class-size, coverage, introductory
Keightley, David N.. (1979). Improving student writing skills in a history lecture course. History Teacher 12.2, 171-179.
Keywords: WAC, history-course, graduate student-reader, University of Berkeley, revising, thesis statement, elaboration, content, coherence, lecture, student-writing
Koch, Richard. (1978). The 'Gee whiz, Johnny, you can't hardly do anything!' syndrome--one teacher's response. English Education 09.3, 131-138.
Keywords: English-profession, decline, WAC, class-size, Why Johnny Can't Write
Langsam, Deborah M.; Kathleen Blake Yancey. (1998). E-mailing biology: Facing the biochallenge. In Reiss, Donna; Dickie Selfe; Art Young (Eds.), Electronic communication across the curriculum; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 416 561].
Keywords: computer, WAC, biology-course, email, class-size, lecture, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, text-analysis
Macdonald, R. Heather. (1991). Writing assignments challenge students in a physical-geology course. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 199-201.
Keywords: geology-course, large-class, lecture, WAC, audience, popularization, topic
Marius, Richard. (1992). Writing across the curriculum. In Kline, Nancy (Ed.), How writers teach writing; Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Keywords: WAC, literacy, cultural, life-narrative, teacher-story, historiography, term-paper, advanced, holistic, response, large-class, lecture, class-size
Morrissey, Thomas J.. (1982). The five-minute entry: A writing exercise for large classes in all disciplines. Exercise Exchange 27.1, 41-42.
Keywords: pedagogy, freewriting, class-size, WAC, write-to-learn, first-day, large-class
Moyano, Estela Ines. (2009). Negotiating genre: Lecturer's awareness in genre across the curriculum project at the university level. In Bazerman, Charles; Adair Bonini; Debora Figueiredo (Eds.), Genre in a changing world; Fort Collins, CO: WAC Clearinghouse; West Lafayette, IN: Parlor Press.
Keywords: genre, negotiation, academic, teacher-awareness, data, WAC, lecture, lecturer, genre-awareness, negotiation
Oliver-Hoyo, Maria; Robert Beichner. (2004). Scale-up: Bringing inquiry-guided learning to large enrollment courses. In Lee, Virginia S. (Ed.), Teaching and learning through inquiry: A guidebook for institutions and instructors; Sterling, VA: Stylus.
Keywords: WAC, inquiry-based, pedagogy, large-lecture
Olmsted, John, III. (1991). Using classroom research in a large introductory science class. In Angelo, Thomas A. (Ed.), Classroom research: Early lessons from success; San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Inc..
Keywords: classroom, research-method, assessment, WAC, science-course, introductory, large-class
Rieber, Lloyd. (1993). Paraprofessional assessment of students' writing. College Teaching 41.1, 15-18.
Keywords: lay-reader, paraprofessional, copy editor, bizcom, class-size, WAC, evaluation, criteria, reliability, consistency, objectivity, paper-load (15 minutes per paper), work week (70 hour)
Rossen-Knill, Deborah. (1998). Using writing to learn background information: Integrating writing into the interactive lecture/film series. ACT 101 Journal 05.2, 5-9.
Keywords: WAC, film-course, background, pedagogy, integrated, interactive, lecture series, film series
Selfe, Cynthia L.; Bruce T. Petersen; Cynthia L. Nahrgang. (1986). Journal writing in mathematics. In Young, Art; Toby Fulwiler (Eds.), Writing across the disciplines: Research into practice; Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 264 592].
Keywords: WAC, mathetmatics-course, journal-writing, pedagogy, write-to-learn, class-size, large-class, lecture, data, apprehension, Daly-Miller, student-opinion, mathematics-course
Spires, Hiller A.. (1993). Learning from a lecture: Effects of comprehension monitoring. Reading Research and Instruction 32.2, 19-30.
Keywords: note-taking, large-class, lecture, questioning, self-evaluation, improvement, WAC, comprehension, monitoring
Steffens, Henry. (1991). Students assess writing to learn in large history classes. Social Studies Review 31.1, 55-58.
Keywords: history-course, WAC, large-class, lecture, journal-writing, microtheme, readings, reader-response, write-to-learn, sample, student-perception, improvement
Steffens, Henry. (1991). Using informal writing in large history classes: Helping students to find interest and meaning in history. Social Studies 82.3, 107-109.
Keywords: history-course, large-class, lecture, write-to-learn, journal-writing, reading-log, student-opinion, WAC, informal
Stevens, Henry. (1991). Using informal writing in large history classes: Helping students to find interest and meaning in history. The Social Sciences 82.3, 107-109.
Keywords: pedagogy, history-course, WAC, large-class, lecture, journal-writing, self-reflection, informal
Stix, Andi. (1996). The need for pictorial journal writing. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 410 555.
Keywords: gain, WAC, mathematics-course, data, class-size, mathematics-course, journal-writing, visualization, problem-solving, contrast-group, mathematics apprehension, write-to-learn
Strauss, Michael J.; Toby Fulwiler. (1987). Interactive writing and learning chemistry. Journal of College Science Teaching 16.4, 256-262.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, large-class, lecture, questioning, teacher-student, interactive, questioning, question box, interactive
Strauss, Michael J.; Toby Fulwiler. (1990). Writing to learn in large lecture classes. Journal of College Science Teaching 19.3, 158-163.
Keywords: WAC, large-class, lecture, science-course, learning-log, question-posing, pedagogy
Thomas, Laura. (1991). College lecture classrooms as texts: An ethnography of student writing and reading [doctoral thesis]. Oxford, OH: Miami University.
Keywords: read-write, classroom, lecture, WAC, ethnography, case-study, site-analysis, student-writing
Thomas, Rosemary. (1992). Using active questioning techniques to enhance lecture/discussion classes. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: WAC, questioning, discussion, large-class, lecture, two-year
Weiss, Mary Ann; Edwin T. Weiss, Jr.. (1984). Writing in large geography classes. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 283 756.
Keywords: WAC, geography-course, class-size, pre-post, student-writing, freewriting, model-essay, journal-writing, pedagogy, large-class
White, Edward M.. (1991). Shallow roots or taproots for writing across the curriculum?. ADE Bulletin, no. 98, 29-33.
Keywords: WAC, program, history, writing-intensive, funding, faculty, resistance, staff, administrating, California State University, San Bernardino, rising-junior, class-size
Young, Art; Mike Gorman; Margaret Gorman. (1984). The 1983-84 writing and literature survey: Courses and programs. ADE Bulletin, no. 79, 48-55.
Keywords: survey, data, enrollment, curriculum, class-size, major, WAC
Young, Richard E.. (1984). Toward a taxonomy of 'small' genres and writing techniques for WAC. The WAC Clearinghouse [textfile].
Keywords: WAC, assignment, compilation, survey, large-class, taxonomy
Zehr, David. (1999). Using team journals in a large introductory course. [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 10, 33-40.
Keywords: WAC, collaboration, journal-writing, large-class, lecture, introductory, teamwork