The WAC Bibliography

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Welcome to the WAC Bibliography. The bibliography, developed and presented in collaboration with CompPile, was developed to support teachers across the disciplines who are interested in using writing and speaking in their courses; scholars who are interested in WAC theory and research; and program administrators, designers, and developers who have interests in the latest work in faculty outreach, program design, and assessment.

To view entries in the bibliography, follow the links to the right. If you are a member of the Clearinghouse, you can recommend new sources for the bibliography.

— Justin Jory
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Sciences

Abrams, Nancy; Nadine Feiler. (2003). Greater than the sum of parts: A poetry/science collaboration. [fulltext]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 6.2.
Collaborations between disciplines in middle school usually occur between language arts and social studies, or between math and science; however, we found a collaboration between language arts and science to be a fruitful experience for our students in their learning both disciplines and in improving our own teaching. Understanding poetry and science requires many of the same skills: close observation, description, and metaphorical thinking. To that end, we developed a curriculum that focused on those skills as our students studied barrier islands in sixth grade science and poetry in sixth grade language arts.
Keywords: WAC, WID, writing across the curriculum, poetry, science, poetry
Abt-Perkins, Dawn; Gian Pagnucci. (1993). From tourist to storyteller: Reading and writing science. In Tchudi, Stephen (Ed.), The astonishing curriculum: Integrating science and humanities through language; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 359 538].
Keywords: WAC, pedagogy, science, humanities, reading, narrative, tourism, story-telling
Agatucci, Cora; Jack McCown; Mike Sequeria; Bruce Emerson. (1994). Writing and learning across disciplinary boundaries in college math and science courses. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 377 501.
Keywords: Central Oregon Community College, two-year, WAC, problem-solving, program, assignment, mathematics-course, physics-course, syllabus
Agutter, Paul S.. (1987). Precision testing: A method for improving students' written work in biochemistry. Journal of Biological Education 13, 25-31.
Keywords: biology-course, biochemistry, WAC, pedagogy, data, science, terminology, precision testing, data, improvement, reading-skill
Alaimo, Peter J.; John C. Bean; Joseph M. Langenhan; Larry Nichols. (2009). Eliminating lab reports: A rhetorical approach for teaching the scientific paper in sophomore organic chemistry. [fulltext]. WAC Journal 20, 17-32.
Considers how an interdisciplinary team of faculty is striving to improve student performance on senior chemistry theses at Seattle University through an alternative approach to teaching the discourse of the scientific community within the year-long sophomore chemistry lab course. Drops the notion of teaching new students in formulaic, academic-specific ways, through utilization of rudimentary lab reports. Stresses the need to make students immediately aware of the inquiry-based, persuasive context of actual professional work and writing through collaborative-based experimentation that stresses multiple replications and use of evidence for conclusions. Suggests teaching the scientific paper over a year early in students' science careers and prioritizing students' 'writing process knowledge' through explicit instruction in writing within science courses. [Jaclyn Rossi]
Keywords: Seattle University, WAC, science-writing, sophomore, organic chemistry-course, laboratory-report, assignment, grading, inquiry, rubric, evaluation, response, data, process,
Allen, J. C.. (1991). Integrating undergraduate research with a writing program. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 224-226.
Keywords: geology-course, advanced, intensive, linked, WAC, drafting, peer-evaluation, revising, Richard Lanham, paramedic method, Bucknell University, integrated, undergraduate
Allenspach, Dee; Sandra Laurenson; Robin White; Ohio State University, Vocational Instructional Materials Laboratory. (1996). Alternative assessment: A family and consumer sciences teacher's tool kit. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 402 434.
Keywords: assessment, alternative, kit, teacher-strategy, WAC, school, family-sciences, consumer-sciences
Ambron, Joanna. (1987). Writing to improve learning in biology. Journal of College Science Teaching 16, 263-266.
Keywords: biology-course, write-to-learn, WAC
Ambron, Joanna. (1988). Clustering: An interactive technique to enhance learning in biology. Journal of College Science Teaching 18, 122-127.
Keywords: biology-course, write-to-learn, heuristic, pre-writing, clustering, interactive, WAC, interactive
Ambron, Joanna. (1991). Conceptual learning and writing in the sciences. Teaching English in the Two-Year College 18.2, 114-120.
Keywords: clustering, pre-writing, multicultural, science-course, creativity, confidence, WAC, two-year
Ambron, Joanna Theresa. (1989). Implementing writing across the curriculum: Strategies in the biological sciences [doctoral thesis]. New York: Columbia University Teachers College.
Keywords: WAC, biology, journal-writing, freewriting, microtheme, clustering, implementation
Andrews, Roy. (1991). Marine biology: An opportunistic approach. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 03.1, 37-39.
Keywords: WAC, biology-course, marine biology, write-to-learn
Anonymous. (1991). Journal publishes research by high school science students. Composition Chronicle Newsletter 04.2, 8.
Keywords: student publishing, high-school, science-course, WAC
Anson, Chris M.. (2002). Shobhna's pronouncements. In Anson, Christopher M. (Ed.), The WAC casebook: Scenes for faculty reflection and program development; New York: Oxford University Press.
Keywords: teacher-training, WAC, scenario, dialect, standard written English, food-science-course
Arons, Arnold B.. (1981). Thinking, reasoning, and understanding in an introductory physics course. Physics Teacher 19 (March), 166-172.
Keywords: write-to-learn, reasoning, physics-course, WAC, introductory
Atkinson, G. F.. (1986). Writing among other skills [response to Dominick A. Labianco and William J. Reeves, Journal of Chemical Education 62.5]. Journal of Chemical Education 63.4, 337-338.
Keywords: science-course, WAC, chemistry-course
Bahls, Patrick. (2012). Student writing in the quantitative disciplines: A guide for college faculty. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Keywords: WAC, WID, write-to-learn, hard science, quantitative, mathematics-course, guidelines, evaluation, response, student-writing
Bailey, Richard A.; Cheryl Geisler. (1991). An approach to improving communication skills in a laboratory setting. Journal of Chemical Education 68, 150-152.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, chemistry-course, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, graduate student, consultancy
Barrett, Edward. (1993). Collaboration in the electronic classroom. Technology Review 96.2, 50-55.
Keywords: education-course, computer-classroom, MIT, networked, Networked Educational Online System, science-writing, engineering-course, WAC, collaboration
Barrow, D. A.. (1992). The use of portfolios to assess student learning: A Florida college's experiment in a general chemistry class. Journal of College Science Teaching 22.3, 148-153.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, portfolio, evaluation, gain, data
Barua, Dibakar. (1986). From self to world: An exploratory approach to writing across the curriculum. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 286 208.
Keywords: science-course, WAC, assignment, sequence, pedagogy, write-to-learn, self-evaluation, idea-elaboration
Bayer, Trudy; Karen Curto; Charity Kriley. (2005). Acquiring expertise in discipline-specific discourse: An interdisciplinary exercise in learning to speak biology. [Link]. Across the Disciplines 02.
Trudy Bayer and her colleagues report the results of a study with 70 senior undergraduate biological science majors enrolled in a required course on Writing and Speaking in the Biological Sciences. Their study indicates that students demonstrated significant expertise in enacting a highly discipline-specific oral communication task. They attribute these results to a combination of students' ability to successfully deploy discipline-specific discourse to their own tacit knowledge of their field and instruction in both the disciplines of rhetoric and biology. (Published June 26, 2005) [WAC Clearinghouse]
Keywords: data, WAC, biology, oral, interdisciplinary, speech, WID, expertise, expertise
Bazerman, Charles. (1988). Shaping written knowledge: The genre and activity of the experimental article in science. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.
Traces the history and character of the experimental article in science, calling attention to the social and rhetorical forces that shaped its development. The book provides a broadly interdisciplinary exploration of an important genre and offers insights that extend far beyond its immediate focus of study. This book is available online as part of the Academic Writing series, Landmark Publications in Writing Studies. [WAC Clearinghouse]
Keywords: science-writing, genre, history, science, research-report, activity-theory, constructivist, knowledge-making, term-paper, experimental, WAC, academic, interdisciplinary
Bazerman, Charles; Joseph Little; Lisa Bethel; Teri Chavkin; Danielle Fouquette; Janet Garufis. (2005). Reference guide to writing across the curriculum (Reference guides to rhetoric and composition). Fort Collins, CO: WAC Clearinghouse; West Lafayette, IN: Parlor Press http://wac.colostate.edu/books/bazerman_wac/.
Keywords: WAC, review-of-scholarship, history, write-to-learn, science-writing, rhetoric, disciplinary, assessment, program, needs-analysis, bibliography
Beall, Herbert. (1991). In-class writing in general chemistry. Chemical Education 68, 148-149.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, lecture, class-size, in-class
Beall, Herbert. (1998). Expanding the scope of writing in chemical education. Journal of Science Education and Technology 07.3, 259-270.
Keywords: expressive, chemistry-course, WAC, impromptu, pedagogy
Beall, Herbert; John Trimbur. (1993). Writing in chemistry: Keys to student underlife. College Teaching 41.2, 50-54.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, in-class, impromptu, large-class, lecture, teacher-knowledge, student-resistance, teacher-resistance
Becker, Stephen F.. (1995). Teaching writing to teach physics [guest editorial]. American Journal of Physics 63.7, 587.
Keywords: write-to-learn, physics-course, syllabus, WAC, decentralized, guest-editorial
Beiersdorfer, Raymond Emil; Jared Haynes. (1991). An integrated approach to geologic writing for non-science majors based on study of California river. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 196-198.
Keywords: geology-course, WAC, nonscience, science-writing, composing, sequential, sequence, prospectus, outline, drafting, revising, integrated
Bering, C. Larry. (1991). Writing exercises and the biochemical literature in the first undergraduate biochemistry course. Biochemical Education 19.1, 17-18.
Keywords: report-writing, science-course, WAC, biochemistry, assignment, undergraduate
Beutler, Suzanne A.. (1988). Using writing to learn about astronomy. Reading Teacher 41.4, 412-417.
Keywords: WAC, astronomy-course, write-to-learn
Beyer, Barry K.; Anita Brostoff. (1979). The time it takes: Managing/evaluating writing in social studies. Social Education 43, 194-197.
Keywords: social-science-course, WAC, social
Black, Nancy Rodriguez. (1994). Creative writing in historical geology as an alternative to the standard geologic report. Journal of Geological Education 42.2, 129-133.
Keywords: geology-course, assignment, WAC, creative, art, fiction-writing, short story, poetry
Blythe, Stuart; Laura Gonzales. (2016). Coordination and Transfer across the Metagenre of Secondary Research. College Composition and Communication 67.4.
Screencast videos were used to study the work of undergraduates enrolled in biology. Students were able to adapt to the writing requirements in biology because they implicitly understood the metagenre of "research from sources." Students coordinated multiple texts simultaneously to engage in processes akin to what Howard has called "patchwriting" but also similar to the habits of professional writers. The authors suggest that instructors spend more time helping students develop effective networks of information, including experts and organizations in addition to published sources.
Keywords: WAC, biology, transfer, metagenre, genre, research, patchwriting, professional-writing, FYC, WID
Bowles, Philip David. (1994). The collaboration of two professors from two disparate disciplines: What it has taught us. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 386 744.
Keywords: teacher-cooperation, WAC, interdisciplinary, Loma Nazarene College [California], early-start, literature-biology, team-teaching, teacher-story
Braine, George. (1989). Writing in the natural sciences and engineering: Implications for ESL composition courses. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 304 881.
Keywords: science-course, engineering-course, WAC, ESL, LEP, University of Texas, text-analysis, taxonomy, genre, laboratory-report, textbook, summary-writing, paraphrase, natural-science, implication
Braine, George Stanley. (1989). An analysis of the writing tasks of undergraduate courses in the natural sciences and engineering [doctoral thesis]. Austin, TX: University of Texas at Austin.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, science-course, engineering, natural-science, undergraduate
Brillhart, L. V.; M. B. Debs. (1981). Teaching writing--a scientist's responsibility. Journal of College Science Teaching 10.5, 303-304.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, laboratory-report, editing, response, pedagogy, scientist
Brooks, B. C.. (1959). The teaching of English to scientists and engineers. In Quirk, Randolph; A. H. Smith (Eds.), The teaching of English (Studies in communication, No. 3, Communication Research Centre, University College, London); London: Secker & Warburg.
Keywords: techcom, science-writing, history, workplace, industry, WAC, advanced, engineering, scientist
Burkett, Allan R.; Susan B. Dunkle. (1983). Technical writing in the undergraduate curriculum. Journal of Chemical Education 60.6, 469-470.
Keywords: chemistry, curriculum, WAC, needs-analysis, techcom, referencing, plagiarism, arrangement, synthesis, revising, pedagogy, undergraduate
Burns, Roxanne H.. (1994). Helping students succeed at a creative writing assignment in the biological sciences. American Biology Teacher 56.6, 364-366.
Keywords: biology-course, human-anatomy, write-to-learn, WAC, process
Cannon, Robert E.. (1990). Experiments with writing to teach microbiology. American Biology Teacher 52.3, 156-158.
Keywords: biology-course, WAC, assignment, evaluation, student-opinion, microbiology, virology, immunology
Carey, Jamie P.. (1999). Student naturalists reflecting through writing. PAEE Journal 07.3, 14, 26.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, journal-writing, evaluation, ecology, environment-awareness, environmental, reflection
Carle, Daria O.; Margie Krest. (1998). Facilitating research between the library and the science writing classroom. Journal of College Science Teaching 27.5, 339-342.
Keywords: science-course, library, librarian-teacher collaboration, assignment, University of Colorado, WAC
Carlino, Paula. (2010). Reading and writing in the social sciences in Argentine universities. In Bazerman, Charles; et al. (Eds.), Traditions of writing research; London: Routledge.
Keywords: Argentina, South America, social-science, WAC, science-writing, curriculum, pedagogy, read-write, data, questionnaire, interview, social
Carlisle, E. Fred; Jack B. Kinsinger. (1977). Scientific writing: A humanistic and scientific course for science undergraduates. Journal of Chemical Education 54.10, 632-634.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, Michigan State University, team-teaching, syllabus, undergraduate
Carpenter, J. Harrison; Margie Krest. (2001). It's about the science: Students writing and thinking about data in a scientific writing course. [fulltext]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 5.2.
The problem for the teaching of discipline-specific writing is that disciplinary standards of style and form often trump writing teachers' concerns for fostering critical thinking; as a result, teachers overemphasize correctness and format. Our approach is based on the belief that a generative view of genre can be the basis for students learning how to think critically about science.
Keywords: WAC, WID, writing across the curriculum, conventions, science, critical thinking, writing to learn, genre, data-interpretation
Carson, Robert James; James Lester Sadd. (1991). Land-use-planning writing assignment for an environmental-geology course. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 206-213.
Keywords: geology-course, WAC, impact statement, assignment, resources
Casanave, Christine R. Pearson. (1990). The role of writing in socializing graduate students into an academic discipline in the social sciences [doctoral thesis]. Stanford, CA: Stanford University.
Keywords: social-science, WAC, socialization, academic, disciplinary, ethnographic, graduate, social
Caulfield, P.. (1986). Tagmemic invention: Discovery across the curriculum. In O'Dowd, Kathleen; Earnest I. Nolan (Eds.), Learning to write/writing to learn; Livonia, MI: Madonna College, Humanities Writing Program.
Keywords: WAC, invention, heuristic, tagmemic, psychology-course, art-course, physics-course, discovery
Chabot, Chris; Warren Tomkiewicz. (1998). Writing in the natural science department. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 09, 52-59.
Keywords: WAC, natural-science-course, write-to-learn
Chacon, Elia; Tana Whiteman. (1988). Writing to learn how to teach in a dental hygiene program. In Killingsworth, Jimmie; Donald H. Cunningham; Laurie L. Jones (Eds.); Texas Tech University; Designing writing assignments for vocational-technical courses: A guide for teachers in the two-year college and technical institute; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 298 331.
Keywords: dental hygiene, science-course, write-to-learn, WAC
Charbonneau, G.. (1986). Writing in the social sciences: Fostering critical thinking and values formation through micro-theme. In O'Dowd, Kathleen; Earnest I. Nolan (Eds.), Learning to write/writing to learn; Livonia, MI: Madonna College, Humanities Writing Program.
Keywords: WAC, social-science-course, critical-thinking, value, microtheme, social
Chittick, William O.. (1981). Writing policy memoranda. Teaching Political Science 09.2, 98-105.
Keywords: political-science-course, policy-making, memoranda-writing, assignment, WAC, policy
Clark Deborah J.. (2005). The use of peer evaluations to foster critical analysis of writing in biology. Segall, Mary T.; Robert Smart (Eds.), Direct from the disciplines: Writing across the curriculum; Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook.
Keywords: WAC, peer-evaluation, biology-course, critical-analysis
Clark, Irene L.; Ronald Fischbach. (2008). Writing and learning in the health sciences: Rhetoric, identity, genre, and performance. [fulltext]. WAC Journal 19, 15-28.
Clark and Fishbach argue that discussions of linked courses often overlook the need for students simultaneously to develop their professional identities as they work toward becoming more proficient writers. To explore this claim, the authors turn to their experience developing a link between a public health education course and a course in health sciences writing and rhetoric. Clark and Fishbach discovered that students benefited from the opportunity 'to 'perform' as writers and speakers within a particular field or profession' (18). More particularly, the link helped student writers to reconceptualize genre as a form of 'social action' as they became more familiar with the professional discourses they were learning. Clark and Fischbach subsequently consider the ways their focus on genre in the linkage put pressure on the shared term 'argument', but also discuss ways that researchers have shown the term to be similar across humanities-based writing and scientific writing. In closing, the authors assert that their experiences with this linkage affirm that role-play is essential to an increase in professionally situated rhetorical awareness for student writers. [Michelle LaFrance, Linked Writing Courses; WPA-CompPile Research Bibliographies, No. 14]
Keywords: basic-skills, genre, health-sciences, learning-theory, WAC, linked, skill-transfer, public health course, intensive, assignment, syllabus, genre, identity, career, identity, performative, role-playing, interdisciplinary, 'argument', conflict
Claypool, Sharon H.. (1980). Teacher writing apprehension: Does it affect writing assignments across the curriculum?. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 216 387. Identification of writing competencies needed by secondary students to perform assignments in science and social studies classes.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, social-studies-course, teacher-apprehension, correlation, assignment, data, questionnaire, correlation, pedagogy
Clemons, Joan. (1991). Classroom strategies for introductory geology. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 202-203.
Keywords: geology-course, WAC, learning-log, double-entry, group, assignment, discussion, simulating, introductory
Clugston, Marie. (1997). The teaching of communication skills in a health science faculty. In Golebiowski, Zofia (Ed.); Victoria University of Techology [Melbourne, Australia]; Policy and practice of tertiary literacy: Selected proceedings of the first National Conference on Tertiary Literacy [Melbourne, Australia, March 14-16, 1996] (Research and practice, Vol. 1); ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 414 822.
Keywords: literacy, academic, WAC, communication, skills-level, health-science-course
Codespoti, Daniel J.. (1994). The capstone of the C.S. major [computer science]. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 396 671.
Keywords: computer-science-course, capstone, write-to-learn, WAC
Coelho, Elizabeth. (1982). Language across the curriculum. TESL Talk 13.3, 56-70.
Keywords: high-school, ESL, WAC, Canada, geography-course, history-course, science-course
Coles, Kenneth Spencer. (1991). Journal assignments in an introductory-geology course help the student and teacher. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 187-189.
Keywords: geology-course, WAC, first-year, journal-writing, improvement, write-to-learn, originality, introductory
Comprone, Joseph J.. (1988). Reading Oliver Sacks in a writing-across-the-curriculum course. JAC: Journal of Advanced Composition 08.1-2, 158-166.
Keywords: WAC, readings, Oliver Sacks, pedagogy, disciplinary, discourse, science-writing, popular
Comprone, Joseph J.. (1989). Narrative topic and the contemporary science essay: A lesson from Loren Eiseley's notebooks. JAC: Journal of Advanced Composition 09.1-2, 112-123.
Keywords: science-writing, Loren Eiseley, notebook, narrative, topic, essay, popular, WAC, aim, mode, narrative
Conrad, Susan Howes. (1991). Reading and abstracting journal articles in sedimentology and stratigraphy:. Journal of Geological Education 39.5, 370-373.
Keywords: journal-writing, reading-log, abstract-writing, geology-course, WAC, read-write, improvement, science-laboratory, point-of-view
Conrad, Susan Howes; R. Heather Macdonald. (1991). Balancing teaching and learning geology on the writing fulcrum. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 230-231.
Keywords: geology-program, WAC, critical-thinking, assignment, microtheme, position paper, improvement, reaction-paper
Conrad, Susan M.. (1996). Academic discourse in two disciplines: Professional writing and student development in biology and history [doctoral thesis]. Flagstaff, AZ: Northern Arizona University.
Keywords: academic, disciplinary, WAC, biology, history-major, history-course, biology-course, academic-discourse
Cooper, Amy; Dawn Bikowski. (2007). Writing at the graduate level: What tasks do professors actually require?. Journal of English for Academic Purposes 06.3, 206-221.
This paper presents a case study of writing tasks in graduate courses at a large, American university. The study investigates writing tasks across the curriculum and draws implications for curriculum design in English for Academic Purposes (EAP). Using actual course syllabi for task analysis, the researchers analyzed 200 course syllabi from 20 academic departments covering a wide range of disciplines. Findings indicate that library research papers and project reports are the most commonly assigned tasks across the curriculum. This study also found that professors in the social sciences, arts, and humanities assign a wider variety of writing assignments and more writing assignments in general than do professors in the sciences, math, and engineering. Finally, while many courses in the sciences, math, and engineering require no writing assignments at all, each of these departments does have at least some courses requiring extended writing. [author abstract]
Keywords: graduate, USA, task-analysis, EAP, syllabus-analysis, survey, data, term-paper, academic, genre, report-writing, WAC, disciplinary, social-science-course, science-course, assignment, intensive, data
Cooper, M. Melanie. (1995). Cooperative chemistry laboratories. Journal of Chemical Education 71, 307.
Keywords: cooperative, chemistry-course, write-to-learn, WAC
Coppola, Brian P.; Douglas S. Daniels. (1996). The role of written and verbal expression in improving communication skills for students in an undergraduate chemistry program. http://wac.colostate.edu/atd/archives.cfm [full-text]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 01.3, 67-86.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry, talk-write, undergraduate, verbal
Cornacchia, Eugene J.. (1989). Write on! Strategies for the overburdened instructor. Political Science Teacher 02.3, 15-16.
Keywords: political-science-course, WAC, paper-load, journal-writing, precis-writing, memorandum-writing, position-essay, profile-writing, content-style
Cory, W.. (1982). A comprehensive bibliography on scientific and technical writing. Journal of College Science Teaching 11, 351-355.
Keywords: WAC, bibliography [200+ items], science-course
Coward, Pat; Jo Taylor. (1983). Composition and science: A symbiotic relationship. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 238 001.
Keywords: science-course, write-to-learn, WAC, symbiotic
Cox, Robert. (2006). Environmental communication and the public sphere. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Keywords: ecology, environmental, public, activist, forum, rhetorical, conflict resolution, bad-news, advocacy, science-writing, corporate discourse, public sphere
Craig, Jennifer L.; Neal Lerner; Mya Poe. (2008). Innovation across the curriculum: Three case studies in teaching science and engineering communication. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication 51.3, 280-301.
Keywords: WAC, case-study, pedagogy, science-course, engineering-course, communication, linked
Creager, Jean C.. (1980). Teaching writing is every teacher's job. American Biology Teacher 42.5, 273.
Keywords: WAC, biology-course
Cucina, Irene. (1999). Modeling reflective writing for the first-year physical education student. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 10, 49-56.
Keywords: WAC, kinesiology-course, first-year, reflection, teacher-as-writer
D'Angelo, Barbara J.; Barry M. Maid. (2004). Moving beyond definitions: Implementing information literacy across the curriculum. The Journal of Academic Librarianship 30.3, 212-217.
Describes collaboration between Arizona State University's library and its Multimedia Writing and Technical Communication Program, a partnership the authors posit lays the groundwork for expansion of information literacy instruction throughout the curriculum. Traces the commonalities between WAC and information literacy, particularly in that both "teach skills that have their own disciplinary homes yet are used throughout the disciplines" (213). Describes IL-related courses and projects that created increased interest in IL on ASU's campus. Posits that a successful IL program should resemble a successful WAC program in that responsibility for IL should be distributed across campus, but with the recognition that expertise lies with the library (216). [Gwendolynne Reid, Updating the FYC-Library Partnership: Recent Work on Information Literacy and Writing Classrooms, WPA-CompPile Research Bibliographies, No. 25]
Keywords: information literacy, information retrieval, library science, faculty-librarian, library, research instruction, WAC, technical writing
Dale, A. R.; S. L. Hanson. (1993). Conversations with a petri dish (creative writing for biology lab reports). American Biology Teacher 55, 84.
Keywords: biology-course, WAC, creative, laboratory-report
Davis, Donna Self. (1991). Writing to learn science: Types of rocks. In Roberts, David H.; Peggy A. Swoger (Eds.); Samford University, Orlean Bullard Beeson School of Education; Impact '91: Building a community of writers for the 21st century: A compilation of the teaching demonstrations, personal and professional writings, and daily activities of the Samford University Writing Project, 1991, July 8-August 8, 1991; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 376 504.
Keywords: write-to-learn, geology-course, WAC
Davis, Larry Eugene; et al.. (1991). Student abstract writing as a tool for writing across the curriculum in large introductory-geology courses. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 178-180.
Keywords: geology, large-class, lecture, abstract-writing, WAC, concision, write-to-learn, evaluation, introductory
Davis, W. E.; Robert Matlock. (1978). Interdisciplinary teaching of writing skills. Journal of College Science Teaching 11, 310-311.
Keywords: science-course, WAC, interdisciplinary, pedagogy
De Micheli, Ana; Patricia Iglesia. (2012). Writing to learn biology in the framework of a didactic-curricular change in an Argentine university. In Thaiss, Chris; Gerd Brauer; Paula Carlino; Lisa Ganobcsik-Williams; Aparna Sinha (Eds.), Writing Programs Worldwide: Profiles of Academic Writing in Many Places; Fort Collins, CO: WAC Clearinghouse.
Keywords: WAC, Argentina, biology, science, curriculum
Dobler, Judith M.. (1988). Wading across the curriculum: A look at writing in hydrobiology. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 296 311.
Keywords: WAC, pedagogy, biology-course, disciplinary, content-course, contextual, hydrobiology, academic, piecemeal
Dolan, Julie; Martha E. Kropf; Karen O'Connor; Marni Ezra. (1997). The future of our discipline: The status of doctoral students in political science. PS: Political Science and Politics 30.4, 751-756.
Keywords: graduate, political-science, WAC
Donlan, Dan. (1976). Science textbooks and the teaching of assigned writing. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 122 305.
Keywords: questionnaire, data, pedagogy, textbook, assignment, WAC, science-course, report-writing, explanation, letter-writing, sample, read-write, metacognition, model-paragraph, paraphrase
Donlan, Dan. (1976). Social studies textbooks and the teaching of assigned writing. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 122 303.
Keywords: social-science-course, WAC, textbook, write-to-learn, term-paper, biography, assignment, historiography, causation, expository, pedagogy, model-paragraph, social
Donlan, Dan. (1976). Textbook writing assignments in three content areas. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 123 635.
Keywords: textbook, discipline, WAC, assignment, disciplinary, science-course, mathematics-course, social-studies-course, survey, pedagogy, data, frequency, write-to-learn
Drexel, Peter; Roy Andrews. (1998). Writing in computer science courses: An e-mail dialog. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 09, 60-68.
Keywords: WAC, computer-science-course, write-to-learn, email, dialogue
Duffy Sean P.. (2005). Writing in political science. Segall, Mary T.; Robert Smart (Eds.), Direct from the disciplines: Writing across the curriculum; Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook.
Keywords: WAC, political-science-course, pedagogy
Dunwoody, Sharon; Ellen Wartella. (1979). A survey of the structure of science and environmental writing courses. Journal of Environmental Education 10.3, 29-36.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, environmental-science, survey, syllabus, assignment
Durst, Russel K.. (1984). The development of analytic writing. In Applebee, Arthur N., Contexts for learning to write: Studies of secondary school instruction; Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
Keywords: school, development, analytic, mode, WAC, text-analysis, sample, growth, model, informational, social-science, science-writing, genre, data
Eagan, Ruth. (1979). Teaching organization and presentation of reports, involving students as active participants. Reading Improvement 16.1, 62-65.
Keywords: arrangement, WAC, science-course, project, report-writing, talk-write, content-area, participation, passivity, presentation
Edwards, Lynell. (2001). Writing, religion, and the complex spiritual site of evolution. [fulltext]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 05.2.
Grim as academia can sometimes be, few of us would own up to being in alliance with the 'dark side,' or confess to having encouraged students to engage in heretical behaviors. But the comments above from students enrolled in a seminar on evolution taught at a small, private religious college suggest that, in fact, there are considerable moral consequences associated with certain disciplinary practices. We know that what students may vaguely refer to as their 'values' or their 'belief systems' likely contributes to their reluctance to engage in Marxist and feminist critiques of capitalist culture. We know that students sometimes use the word 'sin' when confronted with questions about homosexuality and gay rights. But the ways in which students' religious values guide their participation in disciplinary discourse needs further investigation if we are to understand why a student, when enrolled in a course on evolution, would refer to academic practice as 'the dark side.' Further, what pedagogical practices best help students navigate these difficult sites for composing? What role do instructors play in modeling character and the habits of ethical discursive practice?
Keywords: WAC, WID, religion, evolutionary, value, pedagogy, science-course, spiritual, site
Eisen, Arri. (1996). 'Disease of the Week' reports: Catalysts for writing and participation in large classes. Journal of College Science Teaching 15.5, 331-333.
Keywords: biology-course, class-size, large-class, lecture, WAC, assignment, science-writing, Disease of the Week, participation
Elberty, William Turner, Jr.; William Dowden Romey. (1991). 'What are you interested in' as a writing assignment theme. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 237-239.
Keywords: geology-course, WAC, term-paper, topic, student-choice
Ellman, Neil. (1978). Science in the English classroom. English Journal 67.4, 63-65.
Keywords: WAC, science
Elmborg, James K.. (2006). Locating the center: Libraries, writing centers, and information literacy. link to full text. Writing Lab Newsletter 30.6, 7-11.
Problematizes the separation of writing from research. Draws parallels between the institutional positioning of libraries and writing centers, both mediating between faculty and students (8). Describes results from editing a collection of case studies on relationships between writing centers and libraries. Productive partnership models include sharing spaces, developing writing & research labs/clinics, co-leading faculty development workshops, team teaching, cross-referring students, creating archives of student writing on campus, and collaborating on scholarship.[ Gwendolynne Reid, Updating the FYC-Library Partnership: Recent Work on Information Literacy and Writing Classrooms, WPA-CompPile Research Bibliographies, No. 25]
Keywords: wcenter, location, space, information-literacy, wcenter, library,wcenter-library, collaboration, cooperation, information literacy, information retrieval, library science, faculty-librarian, library, research instruction, WAC, librarian, writing tutor
English, Tom. (1997). Writing to learn and journal applications in the introductory astronomy course. http://wac.colostate.edu/atd/archives.cfm [full-text]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 02.2, 18-28.
This article discusses the effects of one writing-to-learn activity, the student observation journal, as it was applied to the Introductory Astronomy Course at Gardner-Webb University. The author concludes that these logs have favorably enhanced the course, allowing the instructor a means of assessing student progress and allowing the students to receive feedback on the material at hand. [WAC Clearinghouse]
Keywords: write-to-learn, journal, astronomy-course, WAC, introductory, applied
Ennis, Michael. (2017). Explaining a scientific concept for page and screens. link to full text. Prompt: A Journal of Academic Writing Assignments, 47-54.
Abstract: While students learn valuable skills by composing multimodal works, these assignments can also help students master traditional writing genres by defamiliarizing some of the "design choices" they make when writing. Requiring students to revise a traditional written essay into a video accomplishes two key goals in both lower level and advanced writing classes. It updates writing curricula to provide students experience with the kind of writing they will do in other classes. Furthermore, reflecting on the revision process enhances student appreciation for the importance of clear prose, careful exposition, and logical organization.
Keywords: MULTIMODAL, FYC, SCIENCE-WRITING, DIGITAL VIDEO, WID, WAC, ASSIGNMENT-WRITING, ASSIGNMENT, PEDAGOGY, REFLECTIVE PRACTICE,
Evans, James E.. (1991). Research-grant proposals as a class writing assignment in a graduate-level geology course. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 221-223.
Keywords: geology-course, WAC, graduate, research-grant, proposal-writing, masters thesis
Falconer, David R.; Martin Katz. (1992). Building an infrastructure to support writing across the computer science curriculum. In Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education (Ed.), Proceedings of the twenty-third SIGCSE technical symposium on Computer science education; Kansas City, MO: Association for Computing Machinery.
Keywords: WAC, computer, program, computer-science, faculty-opinion, student-opinion, infrastructure, communication systems
Farmer, Mary. (1992). Critical reading, writing to learn, and co-operative learning in the life science course. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, biology-course, critical-thinking, reading, two-year
Feirn, Mary. (1989). Writing in health science: A short course for grad nursing. [fulltext]. Writing Lab Newsletter 13.5, 5-8.
Keywords: wcenter, health-sciences, WAC, nursing, short-course, accelerated
Fisher, Linda E.. (1996). Writing to facilitate learning in microbiology. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 399 166.
Keywords: biology-course, write-to-learn, diagnosis, summary-writing, in-class, group, laity, audience, discourse-study, pedagogy, WAC
Fistek, Michelle Anne. (1998). Writing in the social science department. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 09, 82-88.
Keywords: WAC, social-science-program, write-to-learn, social
Flowerdew, John; Yongyam Li. (2007). Language re-use among Chinese apprentice scientists writing for publication. Applied Linguistics 28.3, 440-465.
Keywords: graduate, WAC, science-course, imitation, data, scholarly publishing, science-writing, scientist
Flynn, Elizabeth A.; George A. McCulley; Ronald K. Gratz. (1986). Writing in biology: Effects of peer critiquing and analysis of models on the quality of biology laboratory reports. In Young, Art; Toby Fulwiler (Eds.), Writing across the disciplines: Research into practice; Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 264 592].
Keywords: WAC, pedagogy, biology-course, peer-evaluation, imitation, text-analysis, quality, laboratory-report, student-opinion, assignment, data, criteria, sample
Foos, K. Michael. (1987). Abstracts can enhance writing skills. Journal of College Science Teaching 16, 254-255.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, abstract-writing
Fortner, Roseanne W.. (1999). Using cooperative learning to introduce undergraduates to professional literature: Assembling the 'jigsaw' pieces in the field of environmental communication. Journal of College Science Teaching 28.4, 261-265.
Keywords: WAC, cooperative, science-course, environmental-science-course, professional-periodical, undergraduate
Fredericks, Anthony; Anita M.; Meinbach; Liz Rothlein. (1993). Thematic units: An integrated approach to teaching science and social studies. New York: HarperCollins.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, social-studies-course, module, thematic, integrated, social
Freeman, Marjorie; Michael Murphy. (1990). The 'write' thing in the mathematical sciences. Mathematics and Computer Education 24.2, 116-121.
Keywords: mathematics-course, computer-science-course, WAC, student-opinion, survey
Friday, Chet. (1986). An evaluation of graduating engineers' writing proficiency. Engineering Education 77, 114-116.
Keywords: WAC, engineering-course, data, assessment, sciences-humanities, skill-level, correlation, proficiency
Fryer, Karen Helene. (1991). Regional geological context for a course in petrography. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 217-220.
Keywords: geology-course, research-report, oral-presentation, WAC, regional, petrography
Fryer, Karen Helene. (1991). Regional geological context for a course in petrography. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 217-220.
Keywords: geology-course, science, research-report, assignment, experiential, oral-report, WAC, regional, petrography
Fulwiler, Toby E.. (1979). Journal writing across the curriculum. In Stanford, Gene (Ed.); How to handle the paper load: Classroom practices in teaching English 1979-1980. [NCTE Committee on Classroom Practices in Teaching English Report No. 17]. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: pedagogy, journal, WAC, James Britton, expressive, classroom, journal-write, problem-solving, science-writing, laboratory-log, response
Fulwiler, Toby; Robert Jones. (1979). Writing in biology: A seminar. College Composition and Communication 30.3, 308-310.
Keywords: WAC, biology, write-to-learn, seminar
Gardner, Susan A.; Sherry A. Southerland. (1997). Interdisciplinary teaching? It only takes talent, time, and treasure. English Journal 86.7, 30-36.
Keywords: science-course, nonmajor, WAC, intensive, team-teaching, interdisciplinary, syllabus, objective
Gardner, Susan K.. (2007). 'I heard it through the grapevine': Doctoral student socialization in chemistry and history. Higher Education 54, 733-740.
Keywords: graduate, socialization, WAC, chemistry-course, history-course, social
Gelinas, Ulric J. , Jr.; D. V. Rama; Terrance M. Skelton. (1997). Selection of technical communication concepts for integration into an accounting information systems course: A WAC case study. Technical Communication Quarterly 06.4, 381-402.
Keywords: techcom, communications, WAC, accounting, information-science, information-system, integrated
Geller, Anne Ellen. (2005). 'What's cool here?: Collaboratively learning genre in biology. In Herrington, Anne; Charles Moran (Eds.), Genre across the curriculum; Logan, UT: Utah State University Press.
Keywords: genre, WAC, pedagogy, biology-course, collaboration
Ghnassia, Virginia; Jill Dix. (2002). Interdisciplinarity and the public sphere. Journal of General Education 51.3, 153-172.
Ghnassia and Dix describe an interdisciplinary writing class on "Epidemics and Aids." The course incorporates science, service learning, and writing both research papers and for a public awareness campaign. Teachers from different disciplines work with the class. [WAC Clearinghouse]
Keywords: gen-ed, interdisciplinarity, WAC, AIDS, medicine, science-course, service-learning, term-paper, team-teaching, public sphere
Gilson, Regina Joanna. (1990). The effect of structured writing on achievement, time, and accuracy with a general chemistry laboratory [doctoral thesis]. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry, science-laboratory, laboratory-report, structured, improvement, pedagogy, accuracy
Gladstein, Jill. (2008). Conducting research in the gray space: How writing associates negotiate between WAC and WID in an introductory biology course. [fulltext]. Across the Disciplines 05.
Keywords: WAC, teaching fellow, WAC, Swarthmore College, biology-course, case-study, ethnographic, peer-tutor, WID, symbiotic, introductory
Goldbort, Robert Charles. (1989). Scientific writing and the college curriculum [doctoral thesis]. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University.
Keywords: science-writing, WAC, curriculum, plain style, plain English, history, pedagogy
Goodell, Rae. (1978). Should scientists be involved in teaching science writing and if so, how?. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 165 163.
Keywords: science-writing, teacher-competency, survey, curriculum, WAC, technology, technical-writing, data, journalism-course, scientist
Goodman, Marshall R.; Susan Lanser. (1987). The teaching of writing in political science: Defining a stronger disciplinary role. Teaching Political Science 14.2, 60-66.
Keywords: political-science-course, WAC, critical-thinking, inquiry, guidelines, pedagogy
Grabau, Larry J.; Patricia S. Wilson. (1995). Jumping on thin ice: Values argument writing assignment for a large enrollment plant science class. Journal of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Education 24.2, 185-189.
Keywords: biology-course, plant science, class-size, large-class, lecture, library skills, argumentation, WAC, assignment
Grasmuck, Sherri; Susan Hyatt. (2003). Sequencing writing across liberal arts majors. Peer Review 06.1, 18-20.
Keywords: curriculum, WAC, sequence, humanities, social-science
Graves, Richard L.. (1981). Using writing models from across the curriculum. English Quarterly 14.4, 31-40.
Keywords: imitation, science-writing, folk-music, model-essay, imitation, WAC
Greene, Brenda M.; Leon P. Johnson; William C. Harris; John M. Flowers. (1990). Revitalizing writing across the curriculum: Writing in the sciences. Community Review 11.1-2, 26-38.
Keywords: WAC, program, two-year, Medgar Evers College, chemistry-course, computer-science-course, summary-writing, writing-productivity, grading scale, criteria-sheet
Greene, Stuart. (2001). The question of authenticity: Teaching writing in a first-year college history of science class. Research in the Teaching of English 35.4, 525-569.
Keywords: science-course, historical, first-year, WAC, student-opinion, think-aloud, protocol-analysis, comparison, contextual, historiography, interpretive, rhetorical, assignment, data, sample, authenticity
Greene, Stuart; Amy J. Orr. (2007). First-year college students writing across the disciplines. In O'Neill, Peggy (ed.), Blurring boundaries: Developing writers, researchers and teachers: A tribute to William L. Smith; Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.
Keywords: FYC, WAC, study-longitudinal, data, interview, student-writing, pedagogy, cognitive, literacy-narrative, activity rhetorical-theory, social-science, cognitive science, narrative-writing, expository-writing, argumentative-writing, interpretive-writing, sample essay, claim, assignment, social-context, case study, function-writing, discourse-community
Grisdale, Ernie. (1992). Critical thinking through writing in chemistry. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, chemistry-course
Halsor, Sid Paul; C. L. Faul-Halsor; Patricia Boyle Heaman. (1991). Enhanced student learning through writing in a physical-geology class. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 181-184.
Keywords: geology-course, intensive, summary-writing, response, laboratory, journal-writing, log-writing, WAC
Hammer, Dean. (1997). The interactive journal: Creating a learning space. PS: Political Science and Politics 30.1, 70-73.
Keywords: internet, email, student publishing, periodical, political-science-course, WAC, interactive
Hansen, Kristine. (1988). Rhetoric and epistemology in the social sciences: A contrast of two representative texts. In Jolliffe, David A. (Ed.), Writing in academic disciplines (Advances in writing research, Vol. 2); Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing.
Keywords: WAC, academic, social-science, rhetoric, epistemological, representative, social
Harbour, Ted. (1987). Use of student notebook in biology. In Copeland, Jeffrey S. (Ed.), Essays grown from a writing across the curriculum institute at Indian Hills Community College: Fostering cooperation and cohesion in writing instruction; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 294 182.
Keywords: WAC, biology-course, notebook-keeping
Harley, Kay. (1991). Contrasts in student and faculty perceptions of student writing ability. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 332 192.
Keywords: teacher-student, evaluation, self-evaluation, conflict, Saginaw Valley State University, WAC, history-course, political-science-course, business-course, philosophy-course, sociology-course, student-opinion, skill-level, decline, data, student-writing
Harris, John S.; Reed H. Blake,. (1976). Technical writing for social scientists. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 117 725.
Keywords: social-science-writing, guidelines, WAC, technical-communication, jargon, workplace, planning, sentence, paragraph, punctuation, hypothesis-formulation, proposal-writing, data-arrangement, outline, style, scientist, social
Hartman, Janet. (1990). Integrating writing activities in computer science assignments. Computer-assisted Composition Journal 05.1, 1-7.
Keywords: computer-science-course, assignment, WAC, integrated
Harvie, Mary; Robyn Moroney; Anne Smith. (1997). Developing critical literacy for nursing and health science: Philosophy, policy, theory for practice and research for a subject integrated approach. In Golebiowsky, Zofia; Helen Borland (Eds.), Academic communication across disciplines and cultures: Selected proceedings of the National Conference on Teritary Literacy: Research and Practice (Vol. 2); Melbourne, Australia: Victorial University of Technology Press.
Keywords: WAC, nursing-course, health-science, integrated, philosophy, policy
Hayes, John R.; Diana M. Bajzek; Susan Lawrence; Erwin R. Steinberg. (2007). Developing an online writing tutor: The interaction of design principles and assessment. In O'Neill, Peggy (ed.), Blurring boundaries: Developing writers, researchers and teachers: A tribute to William L. Smith; Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.
Keywords: online-tutor, writing-tutor, WAC, audience, technical-writing, thesis statement, data, pedagogy, judgment training, basic-writing, science-student, engineering-student, Online Writing Lab, Carnegie Mellon Writing Tutor, Cognitive Tutor for Writers, Calibrated Peer Review, peer-evaluation, self-validation, Sager, assessment-criteria, goal-setting, exercise, decomposition, participation-student, scaffolding, feedback, tutor-features, tutoring session, assessment, program-design, sample essay, William L. Smith, tribute, anecdote, , principle, tutoring
Healy, Mary K.. (1981). About writing across the curriculum [book review]. [full text]. The Quarterly of the National Writing Project 04.1, 14.
Keywords: Science, Volume 4 of Language Teaching and Learning, by Clive Carre, WAC, school, Britain, science-course
Healy, Mary K.. (1984). Writing in a science class: A case study of the connections between writing and learning [doctoral thesis]. New York: New York University.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, science case-study
Henscheid, Bob. (1988). The use of a journal in teaching college physics. In Bordner, Marsha S. (Ed.); Clark Technical College, Early English Composition Assessment Program; Strategies in composition: Ideas that work in the classroom; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 294 181.
Keywords: pedagogy, WAC, physics-course, journal-writing
Henscheid, Bob. (1989). Problem solving in a physics course--an exercise in communication. In Bordner, Marsha (Ed.); Clark State Community College; Early English Composition Assessment Program; Strategies in composition: Ideas that work in the classroom (Volume II); ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 306 587.
Keywords: pedagogy, problem-solving, physics-course, WAC, communicative, early-start
Herman, Carolyn. (1999). Reading the literature in the jargon-intensive field of molecular genetics: Making molecular genetics accessible to undergraduates using a process-centered curriculum. Journal of College Science Teaching 28.4, 252-253.
Keywords: science-course, molecular biology, genetics, genetics-course, process, jargon, research-article, pedagogy, WAC, accessibility, undergraduate
Herrington, Anne Jeanette. (1983). Writing in academic settings: A study of the rhetorical contexts for writing in two college chemical engineering courses [doctoral thesis]. Troy, NY: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
Keywords: academic, WAC, chemical-engineering, write-to-learn, science, learning-center, wcenter, community, data
Herscovici David S.. (2005). Writing assignments in computer programming classes. Segall, Mary T.; Robert Smart (Eds.), Direct from the disciplines: Writing across the curriculum; Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook.
Keywords: WAC, assignment, computer-science-course, programming, pedagogy
Hidi, Suzanne; Mary Ainley; Dagmar Berndorff; Laura Del Favero. (2007). The role of interest and self-efficacy in science-related expository writing. In Hidi, Suzanne; Pietro Boscolo (Eds.), Writing and motivation; Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Keywords: writer-motivation, emotion, writer-interest, psychological, science-writing, self-efficacy, expository, composing, expository
Hinman, Mary-Lou; Michelle Fistek. (1991). An interview with Michelle Fistek [interview]. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 03.1, 29-36.
Keywords: WAC, Michelle Fistek, political-science-course, pedagogy, teacher-interview
Hoffman Mark E.. (2005). Linked writing to learn assignments in a computer science general education course. Segall, Mary T.; Robert Smart (Eds.), Direct from the disciplines: Writing across the curriculum; Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook.
Keywords: WAC, computer-science-course, write-to-learn, assignment, pedagogy, gen-ed
Holliday, William G.. (1992). Helping college science students read and write. Journal of College Science Teaching 22.1, 58-60.
Keywords: science-course, read-write, WAC, assignment, anthology, teacher-choice
Hotchkiss, Sharon K.; Marilyn K. Nellis. (1988). Writing across the curriculum: Team-teaching the review article in biology. Journal of College Science Teaching 18.1, 45-47.
Keywords: review-writing, WAC, team-teaching, interdisciplinary, learning-community, biology-English, FYC, assignment, faculty-workshop, plagiarism, arrangement, evaluation, paraphrase, teamwork
House, Ken. (1983). Improving student writing in biology. American Biology Teacher 45.5, 267-270.
Keywords: biology-course, WAC, pedagogy, improvement, student-writing
Hyman, Michael; Gerry Luginbuhl. (2004). Inquiry-guided learning and the undergraduate major in the Department of Microbiology. In Lee, Virginia S. (Ed.), Teaching and learning through inquiry: A guidebook for institutions and instructors; Sterling, VA: Stylus.
Keywords: inquiry-based, WAC, microbiology-course, undergraduate, pedagogy, undergraduate
Inglese, Terry. (2010). Can archived TV interviews with social sciences scholars enhance the quality of students' academic writing?. In Bazerman, Charles; et al. (Eds.), Traditions of writing research; London: Routledge.
Keywords: WAC, social-science-course, television, interview, archival, multimedia, multimodal, literacy, intersubjectivity, Italy, text-analysis, data, native-nonnative, quality, social
Inglis, Margaret. (1995). English language development in a university foundational programme for science students. In Orr, Thomas (Ed.); Aizu University, Aizuwakamatsu [Japan], Center for Language Research; English for science and technology: Profiles and perspectives; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 389 174.
Keywords: ESL, WAC, science-course, basic-skills, pedagogy, improvement, data
Ioffe, Gregory. (1993). From Russia with journals: Writing enhances dialogue in seminars. College Teaching 41.3, 112-116.
Keywords: political-science-course, journal-writing, WAC, teacher-student, interaction, seminar
Jablonski, Jeffrey; Irwin Weiser. (2002). Raising the gates of Chem. 110. In Anson, Christopher M. (Ed.), The WAC casebook: Scenes for faculty reflection and program development; New York: Oxford University Press.
Keywords: teacher-training, WAC, scenario, science-laboratory, laboratory-report, falsification, truth
Jackowitz, Paul M.; Richard M. Plishka; James R. Sidbury. (1990). Teaching writing and research skills in the computer science curriculum. In Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education (Ed.), Proceedings of the twenty-first SIGCSE technical symposium on Computer science education, Washington, D. C.; New York: Association for Computing Machinery.
Keywords: computer-science, WAC, pedagogy
Jacobs, Suzanne E.. (1979). Student writing in the academic context: A linguistic study of well-shaped vs. poorly-shaped essays with implications for learning and teachings. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 191 074.
Keywords: academic, minority, WAC, biology-course, impromptu, text-analysis, arrangement, evaluation, text-analysis, data, predicate, syntactic complexity, development, sequence, in-class essay, style, implication, student-writing
Jacobson, Trudi E.; Lise D. Wilson. (1991). A bibliographic instruction program for college biology students. American Biology Teacher 53.5, 298-300.
Keywords: biology-course, WAC, library skills, assignment, student-opinion, bibliographic-search
Janick-Buckner, Diane. (1997). Getting undergraduates to critically read and discuss primary literature: Cultivating students' analytical abilities in an advanced cell biology course. Journal of College Science Teaching 27.1, 29-32.
Keywords: science-course, biology-course, scholarly-article, report-writing, oral-presentation, pedagogy, WAC, undergraduate
Jeffers, Robin L.. (1996). Spreading the word: Providing composition instruction through links with social science classes. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 403 006.
Keywords: Bellevue College [Washington State], academic, assignment, sequence, report-writing, science, experiment, psychology-course, WAC, social-science-course, social
Jensen, Verner. (1987). Writing in college physics. In Fulwiler, Toby (Ed.), The journal book; Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook Publishers [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 284 296].
Keywords: physics-course, journal-writing, WAC, pedagogy, write-to-learn
Jewett, John W., Jr.. (1991). Learning introductory physics through required writing assignments. Journal of College Science Teaching 21.1, 20-25.
Keywords: WAC, physics-course, class-size, coverage, introductory
Johns, Ann. (1991). Faculty assessment of ESL student literacy skills: Implications for writing assessment. In Hamp-Lyons, Liz (Ed.), Assessing second language writing in academic contexts; Norwood, NJ: Ablex [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 396 583].
Keywords: evaluation, ESL, WAC, case-study, political-science, criteria, read-write, interview, portfolio, implication
Johns, Ann M.. (1991). Interpreting an English competency exam: The frustrations of an ESL science student. Written Communication 08.3, 379-401.
Johns uses a case study approach to examine why a L2 student writing successfully in upper-level courses in the major would repeatedly fail a writing proficiency exam. Through interviews with a L2 science student, comparison of the student’s writing in response to the writing exam prompt and to a biology assignment, analysis of the writing instruction the student received within composition courses and courses across the curriculum, Johns presents a portrait of a system gone awry and opens questions on the ethics of administering writing proficiency exams to L2 students. [Michelle Cox, WAC/WID and Second Language Writers (Part 1: WAC/WID Administrative Issues and L2 Writers), WPA-CompPile Research Bibliographies, No. 8]
Keywords: WAC, ESL, administrating, WPA, assessment, testing, proficiency, case-study, science-major, competency, student-frustration
Johnstone, Anne C.; Barbara Johnstone; Valerie M. Balester. (1994). Uses for journal keeping: An ethnography of writing in a university science class. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
Keywords: journal-writing, science-course, WAC, ethnographic, data, reflexivity, teacher-research, University of Northern Iowa, sample, discourse-analysis, student-opinion, teacher-opinion
Kadesch, Margot C.; Ellen D. Kolba; Sheila C. Crowell. (1991). Insights into academic writing: Strategies for advanced students [textbook]. White Plains, NY: Longman.
Keywords: WAC, guidelines, social-science-course, write-to-learn, drafting, assignment, philosophy-course, anthropology-course, economics-course, business-course, history-course, literature-course
Keene, Michael L.; L. Bensel-Meyers. (1988). The establishment of rhetoric: Developing a sense of community. JAC: Journal of Advanced Composition 08.1-2, 41-49.
Keywords: rhetoric, discourse-community, WAC, department, disciplinarity, science establishment
Keessen, Jan; Marjorie Ann White. (1991). Writing across the curriculum: 'Wanted: Guidelines for teaching writing in non-writing courses,' and 'WAC--an answer to multicultural diversity'. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 348 693.
Keywords: WAC, research-method, multicultural, chemistry-course, pedagogy, guidelines
Kelly, Gregory J.; Charles Bazerman; Audra Skukauskaite; William Prothero. (2010). Rhetorical features of student science writing in introductory university oceanography. In Bazerman, Charles; et al. (Eds.), Traditions of writing research; London: Routledge.
Keywords: WAC, science-writing, oceanography, text-analysis, rhetorical, feature, data, arrangement, cohesion
Kim, Holim. (1977). Small department can gain from science writing course. Journalism Educator 32.3, 81-83.
Keywords: curriculum, journalism-course, science-writing, WAC
Kirk, David; Richard Tinning. (1992). Physical education pedagogical work as praxis. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 350 296.
Keywords: kinesiology-course, WAC, praxis, reflection, teacher-research, teacher-log, write-to-learn, pedagogy
Klein, Bill; Betsy M. Aller. (1998). Writing across the curriculum in college chemistry: A practical bibliography. http://wac.colostate.edu/atd/archives.cfm [full-text]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 02.3, 25-35.
We begin by pointing to studies that suggest why WAC can be useful, then turn to reports of successful approaches to using writing at all levels of the chemistry curriculum. Additional resources are listed at the end of this article. [WAC Clearinghouse]
Keywords: WAC, chemistry, bibliography
Klein, William Dixon. (1999). The political and economic impacts of writing across the curriculum in chemistry at the University of Missouri-St. Louis [doctoral thesis]. Houghton, MI: Michigan Technological University.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, political, economic, University of Missouri St. Louis
Koprowski, John L.. (1997). Sharpening the craft of scientific writing. Journal of College Science Teaching 27.2, 133-135.
Keywords: environmental-science-course, intensive, peer-evaluation, critical review, science-paper, WAC
Krest, Margie; Daria O. Carle. (1999). Teaching scientific writing: A model for integrating research, writing and critical thinking. American Biology Teacher 61.3, 223-227.
Keywords: science-writing, syllabus, term-paper, critical-thinking, pedagogy, assignment, pragmatic, WAC, integrated
Kugler, Chuck. (1983). Science, writing, and chicken soup. In Writing Across the Curriculum Program (Ed.), Working papers on writing and learning; Radford, VA: Radford University.
Keywords: WAC, science-writing
Kuhn, David J.. (1990). Attitudes of allied health students toward writing in community college science courses. Community/Junior College Quarterly of Research and Practice 14.3, 189-198.
Keywords: science-course, allied health, student-attitude, skill, self-evaluation, data, two-year, WAC
Kumar, L.; D. D. Burke; C. O'Connor. (1989). An innovative biology lab for underprepared biology majors. American Biology Teacher 51.3, 155-158.
Keywords: biology-major, laboratory-report, WAC, innovation, underprepared
Kuyper, Barbara J.. (1991). Education: Bringing up scientists in the art of critiquing research. BioScience 41.4, 248-250.
Keywords: science-course, WAC, critical review, list, checklist, article-review, assignment, scientist
Labianca, Dominick A.; William J. Reeves. (1985). Writing across the curriculum: The science segment. Journal of Chemical Education 62.5, 400-402.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, module, segmentation
Labianca, Dominick A.; William J. Reeves. (1985). Writing across the curriculum: The science segment: A heretical perspective. Journal of Chemical Education 62.5, 400-402.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, segmentation, subject-matter, dilemma, transgressive
Langsam, Deborah M.; Kathleen Blake Yancey. (1998). E-mailing biology: Facing the biochallenge. In Reiss, Donna; Dickie Selfe; Art Young (Eds.), Electronic communication across the curriculum; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 416 561].
Keywords: computer, WAC, biology-course, email, class-size, lecture, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, text-analysis
LeFevre, Karen B.; T. J. Larkin. (1983). Freud, Weber, and Durkheim: A philosophical foundation for writing in the humanities and social sciences. JAC: Journal of Advanced Composition 04.1-2, 65-85.
Keywords: advanced, WAC, humanities, social-science, Freud, Weber, Durkheim, philosophy, technical-writing, philosophy, sciences-humanities, social
Levy, Linda. (1998). How do HPER majors learn to write? [Health, Physial Education and Recreation]. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 09, 14-21.
Keywords: WAC, kinesiology-course, write-to-learn, pedagogy, health-science, recreational, sports, play
Licata, Kenneth P.. (1980). Writing is part of literacy, too!. The Science Teacher 47, 24-26.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, genre, narrative, fantasy, assignment
Lightfoot, J. Timothy. (1998). A different method of teaching peer review systems. Advances in Physiology Education 19.1, 57-61.
Keywords: peer-evaluation, peer-review, physiology-course, WAC, double blind, discussion, pedagogy
Limbert, Claudia A.. (1992). Writing across the curriculum: A how-to plan for a 'writing-in-the-social sciences' class that works. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 350 620.
Keywords: syllabus, FYC, sophomore, WAC, sociology-course, social-science, community, primary-research, historiography, interviewing, pedagogy, how-to, social
Liss, Julie M.; Stephanie D. Hanson. (1993). Writing-to-learn in science. Journal of College Science Teaching 22.6, 342-345.
Keywords: science-course, WAC, write-to-learn, pedagogy, student-opinion
Lord, Thomas R.. (1994). Using constructivism to enhance student learning in college biology. Journal of College Science Teaching 23, 346-348.
Keywords: cooperative, biology-course, WAC, group
Luebke, Steven R.. (2002/2003). Using linked courses in the general education curriculum. link to full text. Academic Writing 03.
In this case study of a pilot project at the University of Wisconsin-River Falls, Luebke explores the challenges faced in developing a link between a first-year English and an environmental studies course. The goal of the linked-course was to challenge students to see connections across the disciplines, while also building skills important to both classes. Leubke comments on the 'significant preparation' necessary to teach in a linked course model (3), especially the time commitment involved. He speaks to the institutional obstacles that linked courses may face and how the territoriality of faculty can complicate teaching in linked courses. He also discusses the assessment of the pilot link and the quite positive perceptions of students in the linked courses. He concludes that the advantages of linked course outweigh the difficulties of reorientation and on-going negotiation that may arise when a new link is implemented. This article's cautionary information about the issues entailed in linking courses is useful for researchers, program administrators, and instructors alike. [Michelle LaFrance, Linked Writing Courses; WPA-CompPile Research Bibliographies, No. 14]
Keywords: gen-ed, program, linked, WAC, interdisciplinary, WID, learning-community, pedagogy, response, University of Wisconsin--River Falls, site-analysis, environmental-science-course, student-opinion, data, program-validation, turf, institutional, teaching-load
Lukeman, Howard. (1992). First year student essays in humanities and social sciences: The need for new paradigms. Education in Rural Australia 02.2, 37-40.
Keywords: first-year, WAC, text-analysis, discipline-specific, academic, convention, critical-analysis, argumentation, humanities, social-science, paradigm, sciences-humanities, social
Lyons, A. Wendy. (1996). A hybrid genre for embracing WAC contraries. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 398 576.
Keywords: science-writing, report-writing, laboratory-report, FYC, WAC, assignment, quasi-scientific, science, research-report, psychological, personality-type, pedagogy, contraries, hybridity
Macdonald, R. Heather. (1991). Writing assignments challenge students in a physical-geology course. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 199-201.
Keywords: geology-course, large-class, lecture, WAC, audience, popularization, topic
Madigan, Chris. (1987). Writing across the curriculum resources in science and mathematics. Journal of College Science Teaching 16, 250-253.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, resources, mathematics-course, resources
Madigan, Chris. (1987). Writing as a means, not an end. Journal of College Science Teaching 16, 245-249.
Keywords: WAC, mathematics-course, science-course, write-to-learn, theory, program, USA, survey, data
Mahoney, M.. (1979). Essay writing in political education. Teaching Political Science 07, 51-72.
Keywords: WAC, political-science-course, essay-writing, skill-level
Maimon, Elaine. (1979). Final report to the National Endowment for the Humanities [on the WAC program at Beaver College], Project No., E1-27873-77-752. Washington, D. C.: National Endowment for the Humanities.
Keywords: WAC, Beaver College, grant, linked, FYC, biology, final-report
Malinowitz, Hawiet. (1998). A feminist critique of writing in the disciplines. In Jarratt, Susan C.; Lynn Worsham (Eds.), Feminism and composition studies: In other words; NY: Modern Language Association of America.
Keywords: feminism, composition-studies, WAC, WID, disciplinary, discourse, objectivity, science-writing, epistemological, subversive
Manahan, Susan; Tom English. (2002). 'I received your letter about the fruit flies . . .': Interdisciplinary scientific correspondence as a means of transforming the laboratory experience. [fulltext]. WAC Journal 13, 59-72.
Keywords: WAC, interdisciplinary, letter-writing, science-writing, science-laboratory, transformative
Marcy, Teresa. (1979). Weighing alternatives in government policy. In Vacca, Linnea (Ed.), Papers from Saint Mary's college writing seminar; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 176 311.
Keywords: WAC, political-science-course, government policy, perspective, argumentation, policy
McCabe, Don F.. (1994). Writing (and talking) to learn: Integrating disciplinary content and skills development. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 390 460.
Keywords: WAC, peer-evaluation, discussion, group, improvement, critical-thinking, problem-solving, review-of-scholarship, Southern Illinois University, political-science-course, integrated
McCarthy, Lucille Parkinson. (1985). A stranger in strange lands: An ethnographic study of a college student writing in two academic contexts. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 284 278.
Keywords: writing-about-lit, biology-course, WAC, case-study, think-aloud, protocol-analysis, student-interview, disciplinary, assignment, situational, data, student-writing
McMillan, Fay C.. (1988). Writing in different disciplines: Problems and possibilities. Writing Across the Curriculum [Southern Technical Institute] 05.2, 12-16.
Keywords: WAC, program, needs-analysis, interdisciplinary, discipline-specific, assignment, mathematics-course, engineeringcourse, chemistry-course, vocational, literature-course, biology-course, history-course, psychology-course, sociology-course, business education
McMillen, Liz. (1986). Science and math professors are assigning writing drills to focus students' thinking. Chronicle of Higher Education 31.19 (January 22), 19-21.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, mathematics-course, write-to-learn, classroom, critical-thinking, improvement, drill
McMurry, Earl. (1987). A general physics laboratory report on the hydrogen emission lines and Bohr's theory. In Copeland, Jeffrey S. (Ed.), Essays grown from a writing across the curriculum institute at Indian Hills Community College: Fostering cooperation and cohesion in writing instruction; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 294 182.
Keywords: physics-course, laboratory-report, WAC
Medina, Suzanne L.. (1994). Teaching academic essay writing: Accelerating the process. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 417 412.
Keywords: pedagogy, WAC, social-science-course, essay-writing, process, task-analysis, model, sample, drafting
Meinbach, Anita M; Liz Rothlein; Anthony D. Fredericks. (1995). The complete guide to thematic units: Creating the integrated curriculum. Norwood, MA: Christopher-Gordon.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, social-studies-course, module, thematic, integrated
Melhado, L. Lee. (1981). Technical writing and the chemical literature: A unified approach. Journal of College Science Teaching 10.5, 299-302.
Keywords: chemistry-course, WAC, syllabus, pedagogy, integrated
Mendelson, Carl Victor. (1991). Constructional morphology and exaptation as perspectives for a term project in paleontology. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 213-216.
Keywords: geology-course, paleontology , WAC, term-paper, oral-presentation, assignment
Metcalf, James. (1981). Please, coach, you're getting ink on my sweat socks. [fulltext]. Writing: Newsletter of the George Mason University Faculty Writing Program 01.3.
Keywords: WAC, kinesiology-course, coaching
Metcalf, James A.. (1979). Teaching writing in physical education and recreation. Journal of Physical Education and Recreation (November/December), 50, 38.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, kinesiology-course, recreational, play
Meyer, Rosalind. (1980). Where might is write: Reflections on essay-writing for external students of humanities. Waurn Ponds, Victoria, Australia: Deakin University, Centre for Educational Services.
Keywords: essay-writing, humanities, WAC, write-to-learn, science-course
Michalak, Stanley J., Jr.. (1989). Writing more, learning less?. College Teaching 37.2, 43-45.
Keywords: WAC, political-science-course, volume-of-writing, contrast-group, grades, correlation, data
Miller, Carol; Thomas Brothen; Jay Hatch; Norman Moen. (1988). Beyond functional literacy: An integrated writing across the curriculum package for basic writers. Research and Teaching in Developmental Education 05.1, 5-16.
Keywords: functional literacy, WAC, basic, learning-community, history-course, environmental-science-course, FYC, University of Minnesota, critical-thinking, course-content, integrated, environmental, write-to-learn
Miller, M. G.. (1999). Writing abstracts on a central theme. Journal of College Science Teaching 28, 397-400.
Keywords: abstract-writing, science-course, geology-course, pedagogy, WAC
Millman, Patricia G.; Margaret P. Clark. (1997). Using desktop publishing to enhance the 'writing process'. Computers in the Schools 13.3-4, 119-26.
Keywords: computer, desktop publishing, process, computer-science-course, interdisciplinary, WAC, National Writing Project, student-opinion, process
Mirsky, Arthur. (1977). Teaching reporting skills in geoscience to undergraduates. Journal of Geological Education 25.5, 157-163.
Keywords: WAC, geology-course, report-writing, skill, improvement, undergraduate
Mirsky, Arthur. (1991). Writing assignments as a continuum in geoscience. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 232-236.
Keywords: science-course, geoscience, WAC, techcom, sophomore, assignment, sequence, pedagogy
Moll, Michael B.; Robert D. Allen. (1982). Developing critical thinking skills in biology. Journal of College Science Teaching 12.2, 95-98.
Keywords: biology-course, WAC, critical-thinking, West Virginia University, observation, data-collection, pre-post, gain, data
Monroe, Jonathan. (2002). Writing and revising the disciplines. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Writing and Revising in the Disciplines consists of a series of essay on practical strategies for teaching writing in the physical sciences, the social sciences, and the humanities. [WAC Clearinghouse]
Keywords: WAC, pedagogy, science-course, social-science-course, humanities-course
Moore, Leslie; Linda Peterson. (1983). Convention as transition: Linking the advanced composition course to the college curriculum. JAC: Journal of Advanced Composition 04.1-2, 173-188.
Keywords: advanced, curriculum, convention, WAC, syllabus, FYC, interdisciplinary, art history, biology, philosophy
Moore, Randy. (1991). How we write about biology. American Biology Teacher 53, 388-389.
Keywords: WAC, biology-course
Moore, Randy. (1992). Writing to learn biology. Fort Worth. TX: Saunders College Publishing.
Keywords: write-to-learn, biology, WAC
Moore, Randy. (1993). Does writing about science improve learning about science. Journal of College Science Teaching 22.4, 212-217.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, science-course, pedagogy, student-attitude, contrast-group, gain, data
Moore, Randy. (1994). Writing as a tool for learning biology. Bioscience 44.9, 613-617.
Keywords: biology-course, write-to-learn, decline, pedagogy, improvement, WAC
Moore, Randy. (1994). Writing to learn biology. Journal of College Science Teaching 23.5, 289-295.
Keywords: WAC, biology-course, skill-level, pedagogy
Morgan, Lorraine; Bill Friar; Jean Kutner. (1987). Pushing the write button: Writing-across-the-curriculum. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 280 028.
Keywords: biology-course, WAC, Stanford University, write-to-learn, wcenter, speak-write, data, interdisciplinary
Moskovitz, Cary; David Kellogg. (2005). Primary science communication in the first-year writing course. College Composition and Communication 57.2, 307-334.
Keywords: curriculum, science, reading, pedagogy, assignment, primary-research, 'primary scientific communication', writing across the curriculum, writing in the disciplines, WAC, WID, rhetorical-analysis, academic, discourse, FYC
Moss, Andrew; Carol Holder. (1988). Improving student writing: A guidebook for faculty in all disciplines. Pomona, CA: California State Polytechnic University; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Intended for college faculty in all disciplines, this guidebook offers practical methods and ideas intended to help teachers clarify writing assignments so that students' writing will improve, as has been seen to happen when teachers sharpen their responses to students' papers. Contents include: (1) "Assigning Writing," which describes ways of designing effective assignments including journals and ungraded writing, provides 17 suggestions for making and presenting writing assignments, and includes a checklist for evaluating assignments; (2) "Assignments That Work," which consists of a collection of writing assignments developed by instructors in various fields, including agricultural engineering, American studies, biology, chemistry, counseling, and criminal justice; (3) "Essay Examinations," which discusses how to write effective essay questions and how to help students write better exams; (4) "Strategies for Helping Students," which includes guidelines on brainstorming, research, and planning, drafting and revising, as well as a writer's checklist; (5) "Integrating Reading and Writing," which examines anticipation guides, selective reading guides, graphic organizers, vocabulary previews, and student journals; and (6) "Evaluating Students' Writing," which covers pre-evaluation, evaluation, paper marking, scores and scoring guides, and post-evaluation. (Eleven references are included, and appended are a sample of on-the-job writing tasks for professionals, a sample accounting assignment, and a techniques inventory for assigning writing and reading in the disciplines.) [ERIC; WAC Clearinghouse]
Keywords: WAC, assignment, journal, grading, evaluation, scale, list, checklist, essay-exam, read-write, academic, agricultural engineering, American studies, biology, chemistry, counseling, criminal-justice, commenting, pedagogy, workplace, task, essay-quality, teacher-manual, student-writing
Mullin, William J.. (1989). Writing in physics. Physics Teacher 27.5, 342-347.
Keywords: WAC, rising-junior, advanced, physics-course, intensive, assignment, syllabus
Munoz, Martha. (2004). Martha's reflections on learning across the curriculum. In Zamel, Vivian; Ruth Spack (Ed.), Crossing the curriculum: Multilingual learners in college classrooms; Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Keywords: ESL, WAC, academic, acculturation, student-opinion, Spanish-English, first-year seminar, literature-course, chemistry-course, biology-course, student-story
Myers, Greg. (1986). Writing research and the sociology of scientific knowledge: A review of three new books [book review]. College English 48.6, 595-610.
Keywords: sociological, research-method, techcom, science, WAC, theory, epistemological
Niemitz, Jeffrey William; Noel Potter, Jr.. (1991). The scientific method and writing in introductory landscape-development laboratories. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 190-195.
Keywords: WAC, geology-course, field-observation, experiential, laboratory-report, data-collection, pedagogy, arrangement, science, research-method, hypothesizing, synthesis, introductory, landscape
Nilsen, Ragnhild. (2007). Rupture and innovation: Joint instruction to health science students in Tromso, Norway. [Link]. Across the Disciplines 04.
Ragnild Nilsen reports on a collaboration in a first-year course taught jointly by faculty from Tromso University College and the University of Tromso. He analyzes differences in the instructional goals of the participants in the course, and reflects on the extent to which 'deep-seated professional disagreement was allowed to affect the course throughout without being properly dealt with.' (Published February 15, 2007) [WAC Clearinghouse]
Keywords: FYC, WAC, international, health-science, instructional, innovation, rupture, innovation
Norris, Eugene. (1981). Writing in the computer sciences. [fulltext]. Writing: Newsletter of the George Mason University Faculty Writing Program 01 (October), 02-Jan.
Keywords: WAC, computer-science-course
Olmsted, John, III. (1984). Teaching varied technical writing styles in the upper division laboratory. Journal of Chemical Education 61.9, 798-800.
Keywords: chemistry-course, WAC, report-writing, style, advanced, genre, style, upper-division, science-laboratory
Olmsted, John, III. (1991). Using classroom research in a large introductory science class. In Angelo, Thomas A. (Ed.), Classroom research: Early lessons from success; San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Inc..
Keywords: classroom, research-method, assessment, WAC, science-course, introductory, large-class
Paik, Minja; Eugene Norris. (1983). Writing to learn in statistics, mathematics, and computer science: Two views. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, statistics-course, mathematics-course, computer-science
Palsberg, J. Baxter. (2002). Teaching reviewing to graduate students. http://www.cs.purdue.edu/homes/palsberg/paper/661-eval.pdf. Communications of the ACM 45.12, 22-24.
This article reports on how a computer science professor and a Ph.D. student in English turned a graduate seminar into a vehicle for teaching reviewing to graduate students. The evaluation and conclusions may help others do likewise. This is an extended version of the article, available on the first author's Web site. [WAC Clearinghouse]
Keywords: WAC, interdisciplinary, graduate, book-reviewing, pedagogy, computer-science-course
Patton, Martha D.. (2011). Writing in the research university: A Darwinian study of WID with cases from civil engineering [writing in the disciplines]. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.
How do engineers learn to think and write like engineers? How do art historians learn to think and write like art historians? How do journalists or biologists learn to think and write like the professionals that they become? Do we learn to think and write primarily by enculturation-or can we be taught how to write in various disciplines? If anything can be taught, what practices stand out as best practices? Needed to address these questions is a cohesive theory of writing in the disciplines (WID), one that accounts for both discipline-specific features of writing and features that cut across many disciplines. To that end, this book re-examines contemporary sociohistoric theories of writing from an evolutionary perspective. An evolutionary perspective of WID suggests that disciplines (complexes of academic arguments) not only change, but they evolve much like species do via a dual process of variation and selection in forums of competition. An evolutionary perspective puts a spotlight on what endures as well as what changes in complexes of academic arguments [author abstract]
Keywords: academic, activity-theory, affordance, assignment-design, case-study, commenting, cultural, Darwin, data, disciplinary, ecology, enculturation, engineering, ethnographic, evolution, feedback, genre-theory, habitus, intellectual development, peer-review, professionalization, response, revising, science, sociohistorical, technical-writing, WAC, WID, writing-to-learn
Patton, Martha D.; Aaron Krawitz; Kay Libbus; Mark Ryan; Martha A. Townsend. (1998). Dealing with resistance to WAC in the natural and applied sciences. http://wac.colostate.edu/atd/archives.cfm [full-text]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 03.1, 64-76.
In this essay, three Campus Writing Board members and experienced WI teachers from mechanical engineering, nursing, and natural resources share their perspectives on resistance to WAC. [WAC Clearinghouse]
Keywords: WAC, faculty-resistance, science, applied
Patton, Marty; Ed Nagelhout. (2004). Literacy and learning in context: Biology students in the classroom and the lab. In Huot, Brian; Beth Stroble; Charles Bazerman (Eds.), Multiple literacies for the 21st century; Cresskill, NJ: 2004.
Keywords: literacy, context, academic literacy, biology, reformist science education, writing-in-the-disciplines, rhetoric, WAC, dialectic, observation, ethnography, genetics, graduate-mentor, laboratory, microthemes, assessment, journal, peer-evaluation, reflection, case-study, dissertation prospectus, coding, sample
Pechenik, Jan A.. (1993). A short guide to writing about biology. New York: Harper Collins.
Keywords: biology-writing, WAC, guidelines
Pesante,Linda H.. (1991). Integrating writing into computer science courses. ACM SIGCSE Bulletin 23.1.
Keywords: WAC, computer-science, course, pedagogy, integrated
Peters, Sandra; Deborah Saxon. (1997). Simulation and collaborative learning in political science and sociology classrooms. In Orr, Thomas (Ed.); Aizu University [Aizuwakamatsu, Japan], Center for Language Research; Proceedings 1997: The Japan Conference on English for Specific Purposes proceedings (Aizuwakamatsu City, Fukushima, November 8, 1997); ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 424 774.
Keywords: ESL, ESP, technical-communication, WAC, simulation, collaboration, political-science-course, sociology-course
Peters, Sandra; Deborah Saxon. (1998). Simulation and collaborative learning in political science and sociology classrooms. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 424 784.
Keywords: collaboration, simulation, pedagogy, WAC, political-science-course, sociology-course, ESP, ESL
Peters, Sandra; Deborah Saxon. (1998). Simulation and collaborative learning in political science and sociology classrooms. In Orr, Thomas (Ed.), The Japan Conference on English for Specific Purposes proceedings (Aizuwakamatsu City, Fukushima, November 8, 1997); Aizu University [Japan], Center for Language Research, ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 424 774.
Keywords: ESP, ESP, pedagogy, WAC, political-science-course, sociology-course, simulation, collaboration
Petersen, Meg. (2001). The atomic weight of metaphor: Writing poetry across the curriculum. link to full text,/a>. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 12, 97-100.
In this narrative essay, Meg Petersen uses personal experience as a student, a teacher, and a writer to question the established boundaries between disciplines. By examining the ways in which language is used across the curriculum—ways in which students use language to learn and ways in which educators use language to teach—she pulls at the threads of the current academic standard that strictly separates writing curricula from the sciences. Metaphor, she argues, provides an opportunity to instruct by allowing for different ways of seeing; and language in disciplines such as science requires as much precision as in the writing classroom. As she studies times in her own career when poetry has proved useful in fields beyond literature, Petersen begins to build a bridge linking poetry, the writing classroom, and non-humanities disciplines, furthering insight into writing-across-the-curriculum pedagogical insight.
Keywords: poetry-writing, creative writing, metaphor, WAC, science-course, interdisciplinary
Philpotts, Anthony; Raymond Joesten. (1985). Writing for science. In Sheidley, William E.; Karen Jambeck; Emily Stauffer (Eds.), What is good writing? Proceedings of a conference at the University of Connecticut (Storrs, Connecticut, December 6, 1980); ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 260 440.
Keywords: WAC, science-writing, pedagogy, academy-workplace
Pittendrigh, Adele S.; Patrick C. Jobes. (1984). Teaching across the curriculum: Critical communication in the sociology classroom. Teaching Sociology 11.3, 281-296.
Keywords: environmental-science-course, problem-solving, write-to-learn, WAC, sociology-course
Pollman, Michael B.. (1987). Writing in high technology programs. In Copeland, Jeffrey S. (Ed.), Essays grown from a writing across the curriculum institute at Indian Hills Community College: Fostering cooperation and cohesion in writing instruction; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 294 182.
Keywords: WAC, technology, science-course, high-tech
Porter, Bernajean. (1993). Writing assignments within major content areas. Writing Notebook: Visions for Learning 10.4, 40-45.
Keywords: teacher-opinion, WAC, high-school, Illinois, pedagogy, mathematics-course, art-course, physics-course, French-course
Powell, Alfred. (1985). A chemist's view of writing, reading, and thinking across the curriculum. College Composition and Communication 36.4, 414-418.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry, critical-thinking
Powell, Arthur B.; Jose A. Lopez. (1989). Writing as a vehicle to learn mathematics: A case study. In Connolly, Paul; Teresa Vilardi (Eds.), Writing to learn mathematics and science; New York, NY: Teachers College Press [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 309 997].
Keywords: case-study, WAC, mathematics-course, science-course, write-to-learn
Prain, Vaughan; Brian Hand. (1996). Writing for learning in secondary science: Rethinking practices. Teaching and Teacher Education 12.6, 609-626.
Keywords: task, high-school, WAC, science-course, constructivist, learning-theory, model
Rapp, Adrian; Lynda Dodgen. (1992). Shooting research from the H.I.P.P.S. and making a killing for ourselves [hypothesis, involvement, participation, practice, sharing]. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 350 036.
Keywords: two-year, social-science-course, teacher-student, cooperative researching, HIPPS, hypothesis, data-collection, table data-analysis, summary-writing, report-writing, oral-presentation, WAC, sharing, involvement, participation, student-as-researcher
Rasmussen, Robert A.. (1983). Writing across the disciplines at Humboldt State University. [full text]. The Quarterly of the National Writing Project 06.1, 6-8.
Keywords: WAC, program, Humboldt State University [California], faculty-workshop, pedagogy, science-course, assignment, in-class
Reitsma, Len. (1999). Innovative writing assignments in the natural sciences. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 10, 57-66.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, assignment, innovation, natural-science, innovation
Reynolds, Julie A.; Chris Thaiss; Wendy Katkin; Robert J. Thompson, Jr.. (2012). Writing to learn in undergraduate science education: A community-based, conceptually driven approach. CBE Life Science Education 11.1, 17-25.
Keywords: write-to-learn, science, WAC, community
Rice, Marion J.. (1976). The reduction model for precollege curriculum writing. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 137 154.
Keywords: social-science-course, WAC, school, reduction model, pedagogy
Richardson Dennis J.. (2005). Protracted peer-reviewed writing assignments in biology: Confessions of an apostate cynic of writing across the curriculum. Segall, Mary T.; Robert Smart (Eds.), Direct from the disciplines: Writing across the curriculum; Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook.
Keywords: WAC, peer-evaluation, biology-course, assignment, cynicism
Richardson, Mark; Alison Morrison Shetlar; Robert Shetlar. (2003). 'Because his shell is empty': Writing poems about biology. [fulltext]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 6.2.
This paper will review a poetry writing assignment used in both an introductory level General Biology class of 148 students and in a 200-level Cellular Biology class of 34 students. In addition, it will consider two group-written poems composed in a first-year composition course linked to the General Biology class, demonstrating how writing poetry about technical material not only promotes the acquisition of knowledge but also stimulates critical and creative thinking, leading to a more accurate understanding of the material and to a deeper appreciation of the subject.
Keywords: WAC, WID, writing across the curriculum, poetry, biology
Roggenbuck, Ted . (2010). [book review]. Writing Lab Newsletter 35.1, 11-13.
Keywords: Learning to Communicate in Science and Engineering: Case Studies from MIT, by Mya Poe, Neal Lerner, and Jennifer Craig, wcenter, WID, WAC, science writing, engineering writing, interdisciplinary
Roop, Connie; Peter Roop. (1991). The nature of writing in the science classroom. In Nathan, Ruth (Ed.), Writers in the classroom; Norwood, MA: Christopher-Gordon.
Keywords: science-writing, science-course, WAC, genre, disciplinary
Rosenbaum, Nina. (1981). Writing in the biology classroom. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 244 275.
Keywords: WAC, biology-course
Rosenthal, Lois C.. (1987). Writing across the curriculum: Chemistry lab reports. Journal of Chemical Education 64.12, 996-998.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, laboratory-report, science-writing, academic
Rosenthal, Lois C.. (1987). Writing across the curriculum: Chemistry lab reports. Journal of Chemical Education 64.12, 996-998.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, laboratory-report, pedagogy
Ross, Frederick C.; Mitchell H. Jarosz. (1978). Integrating science writing: A biology instructor and an English teacher get together. English Journal 67.4, 51-55.
Keywords: WAC, biology-course, teacher-cooperation, science-writing, Delta College, integrated
Rothlein, Liz; Anthoy D. Fredericks; Anita Meyer Meinbach. (1996). More thematic units for creating the integrated curriculum. Norwood, MA: Christopher-Gordon.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, social-studies-course, module, thematic, integrated
Rouse, Sharon; Joyce Simpson. (1991). Writing in science classes. In Morris, Barbra S. (Ed.); Detroit Public Schools; University of Michigan; Writing to learn in disciplines: Detroit teachers combine research and practice in their classrooms (a Detroit Public Schools/University of Michigan collaborative publilcation); ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 333 420.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, school-college, science-course
Rowell, Patricia M.. (1997). Learning in school science: The promises and practices of writing.. Studies in Science Education, No. 30, 19-56.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, science-course, academy-workplace, praxis
Rubano, Gregory. (1987). Using writing to teach political decision making. Social Education 51.4, 278-279.
Keywords: political-science-course, decision-making, write-to-learn, WAC
Russell, David R. (2002). Writing in the academic disciplines: A curricular history (2nd edition). Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
Keywords: WAC, interdisciplinary, history, 19th-20th-century, Scottish, rhetoric, curriculum, forensic, talk-write, term-paper, transcience, laboratory-report, essay-exam, English-profession
Russell, David R.. (1991). Writing in the academic disciplines, 1870-1990: A curricular history. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 340 047].
Keywords: WAC, interdisciplinary, history, 19th-20th-century, Scottish, rhetoric, curriculum, forensic, talk-write, term-paper, transcience, laboratory-report, essay-exam, English-profession
Rutz, Carol. (2002). A chemistry experiment in writing. In Anson, Christopher M. (Ed.), The WAC casebook: Scenes for faculty reflection and program development; New York: Oxford University Press.
Keywords: teacher-training, WAC, scenario, chemistry-course, first-year seminar, discipline recruitment, experimentation
Salvi, Rita. (1991). A communicative approach to testing written English in nonnative speakers. Rassegna Italiana di Linguistica Applicata 23.2, 67-91.
Keywords: economics-course, WAC, ESL, political-science-course, law-course, examination, authentic assessment
Samraj, Betty; John M. Swales. (2000). Writing in Conservation Biology: Searching for an interdisciplinary rhetoric?. [fulltext]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 3.3.
The authors of this article explore interdisciplinary writing in the environmental area.
Keywords: WAC, WID, writing across the curriculum, biology, interdisciplinary, environmental
Samsa, Gregory; Eugene Z. Oddone. (1994). Integrating scientific writing into a statistics curriculum: A course in statistically based scientific writing. American Statistician 48.2, 117-119.
Samsa and Oddone argue that 'writing should play an increased role in statistical education and that this can be best accomplished by distributing exercises in writing and critical appraisal throughout the curriculum' (p. 117). They describe a master's level lecture course in statistics linked to a course based in discussion and data analysis. 'Over time,' they note, 'the course's emphasis shifted from the writing process itself toward issues of analysis strategy and other points of statistical methodology' (p. 118). The authors find that 'writing is an excellent mechanism for identifying student's strengths and weaknesses' and that 'students can use a linkage-based model to write more effectively' (p. 119). They further recommend the variation of writing assignments and keeping the assignments close to the student’s own goals. [Michelle LaFrance, Linked Writing Courses; WPA-CompPile Research Bibliographies, No. 14]
Keywords: statistics-course, WAC, graduate, masters, linked, data-analysis, process, discussion, science-writing, diagnostic, assignment, syllabus
Sanacore, Joseph. (1981). Adapted physical education: Springboard to writing activities. Phi Delta Kappan 62, 454-455.
Keywords: process, invention, kinesiology-course, body, kinesthetic, activity, WAC
Sanford, James. (1983). Multiple drafts of experimental laboratory reports. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, drafting, laboratory-report, science-writing, report-writing, psychology-course, pedagogy, citation-system, APA, conferencing, student-opinion, experimental, multiple draft
Sanford, James F.. (1982). Multiple drafts of experimental laboratory reports. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 226 375.
Keywords: science-writing, report-writing, laboratory-report, psychology-course, pedagogy, citation-system, APA, conferencing, drafting, WAC, student-opinion, experimental, multiple draft
Santa, Carol Minnick; Donna E. Alvermann (Eds.). (1991). Science learning: Processes and applications. Newark, DE: International Reading Association [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 331 022].
Keywords: read-write, science-writing, textbook, WAC, applied
Savage, Gerald. (1992). Beyond evangelism: Ideology and social responsibility in WAC. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 346 478.
Keywords: WAC, ideology, interdisciplinary, review-of-scholarship, science, engineeering, professional-periodical, social, ethical, discourse-analysis, data, social
Schaible, Robert; Gal Rhodes. (1992). Metaphor in science and literature: Creating an environment for active interdisciplinary learning. Journal of College Science Teaching 22.2, 100-105.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, literature-course, interdisciplinary, write-to-learn, metaphoric-thinking, metaphoric
Schlesinger, Thomas 0.. (1990). Writing assignments in world politics courses. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 02, 35-43.
Keywords: WAC, political-science-course, world politics, assignment, write-to-learn
Schlesinger, Thomas O.. (1997). Revisiting 'Writing assignments in world politics courses' [by Thomas O. Schlesinger]. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 08, 150-143.
Keywords: WAC, political-science-course, world politics, assignment, revisited
Schlesinger, Thomas O.. (1997). Writing assignments in world politics courses [reprint]. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 08, 142-149.
Keywords: WAC, political-science-course, world politics, assignment
Schneiderman, Jill Stephanie. (1991). Learning geology by writing about the history of geology. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 185-187.
Keywords: geology-course, graduate, seminar, history of geology, assignment, WAC, revising, peer-evaluation, collaboration
Schultz, Bradley T.. (1985). Creative science made easy: An across the curriculum science workshop. [full text]. The Quarterly of the National Writing Project 07.4, 10-12.
Keywords: creativity, science-course, school, poetry-writing, WAC
Selcher, Wayne A.; E. Fletcher McClellan. (1990). Sequential writing assignments in international relations and American government survey courses. Political Science Teacher 03.3, 14-16.
Keywords: political-science-course, USA government, assignment, sequence, policy brief, brief-writing, issues-analysis, WAC, Elizabethtown College, teacher-student
Selove, Ramon. (1992). Teaching concepts through writing in an anatomy and physiology class. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, anatomy-course, physiology-course
Shahn, Ezra; Robert K. Costello. (2000). Evidence and interpretation: Teachers' reflections on reading writing in an introductory science course. [Link]. Academic.Writing 1.
The use of writing as a means of assisting students to learn and of assessing their understanding in an introductory science course intended primarily as a terminal course for non-science majors is considered in the context of a discussion of cognitive development. We suggest that, particularly where students are asked to justify their understanding by referring to concrete evidence, writing samples are a sensitive indicator of cognitive position. We demonstrate this with examples of four different types of writing used in our course: short answer exam questions, exam essays, take-home essays which may be revised, and informal journal writing. The information gained from writing assignments can be useful as feedback to an instructor regarding (a) an individual student's assumptions about what can be known in science and what form this knowledge takes, (b) what individuals and the class as a whole are prepared to understand, and (c) in what ways particular subject material is likely to be misunderstood. We conclude that these different probes can reveal different aspects of development, and that the use of any of them requires attentive reading by the instructor. [WAC Clearinghouse]
Keywords: writing to learn, writing-to-learn, WAC, science, reading, reflection, development, cognitive, introductory
Shahn, Ezra; Robert K. Costello. (2000). Evidence and interpretation: Teachers' reflections on reading writing in an introductory science course . [fulltext]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 4.2.
The use of writing as a means of assisting students to learn and of assessing their understanding in an introductory science course intended primarily as a terminal course for non-science majors is considered in the context of a discussion of cognitive development. We suggest that, particularly where students are asked to justify their understanding by referring to concrete evidence, writing samples are a sensitive indicator of cognitive position. We demonstrate this with examples of four different types of writing used in our course: short answer exam questions, exam essays, take-home essays which may be revised, and informal journal writing. The information gained from writing assignments can be useful as feedback to an instructor regarding (a) an individual student's assumptions about what can be known in science and what form this knowledge takes, (b) what individuals and the class as a whole are prepared to understand, and (c) in what ways particular subject material is likely to be misunderstood. We conclude that these different probes can reveal different aspects of development, and that the use of any of them requires attentive reading by the instructor.
Keywords: WAC, WID, writing across the curriculum, science, writing to learn, data, development, introductory
Sharp, Julie Ervin. (1987). Expressive summary writing to learn college biology [doctoral thesis]. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University.
Keywords: summary-writing, expressive, write-to-learn, WAC, biology
Shea, George Bernard, Jr.. (1991). Writing, drawing, photographing: Composing texts to learn in a biology class [doctoral thesis]. Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville.
Keywords: biology, WAC, improvement, write-to-learn, graphic, drawing, photography
Sher, David. (1997). Essays for motivating computer science topics. Mathematics and Computer Education 31.3, 248-251.
Keywords: computer-science-course, WAC, topic, argumentation, concision, task
Sherwood, Donna W.; Jeffrey Kovac. (1999). Writing in chemistry: An effective learning tool. Journal of Chemical Education 76.10, 1399-1403.
Keywords: chemistry-course, WAC, write-to-learn, University of Tennessee-Knoxville
Shires, N. P.. (1991). Teaching writing in college chemistry: A practical bibliography 1980-1990. Journal of Chemical Education 68.6, 494-495.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, bibliography [48 items]
Siegel, John H.. (1983). Language, literature, and the humanistic tradition: Necessities in the education of the physician. http://comppile.org/archives/fforum/fforum4(2).htm [fulltext]. fforum: A Newsletter of the English Composition Board, University of Michigan 04.2, 148-154.
Keywords: science-writing, medical, humanistic, curriculum, technical-communication, history, Aretaeus, Boccaccio, Joseph Bell, Albert Camus, tradition
Sims, Gerald K.. (1989). Student peer review in the classroom: A teaching and grading tool. Journal of Agronomic Education 18.2, 105-108.
Keywords: WAC, agronomy-course, microbiology-course, peer-evaluation, term-paper, grading, data, MX, paper-load
Smith, Larry Kay. (1991). Writing to learn science: Journal writing in college physical science and its effect on achievement [doctoral thesis]. Austin, TX: University of Texas at Austin.
Keywords: science-writing, journal, WAC, write-to-learn, physical-science, improvement
Smith, Stanley G.; Ruth Chabay; Elizabeth Kean. (1989). Writing: Introduction to general chemistry. In Graves, William H. (Ed.), Computing across the curriculum: Academic perspectives; McKinney, TX: Academic Computing Publications.
Keywords: WAC, computer, chemistry-course, write-to-learn
Snow, Robin Scott. (1991). Early writing in the research mode via digital modeling of rivers. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 227-229.
Keywords: geology-course, WAC, sophomore, research-project, term-paper
Snyder, Cheryl. (1978). The most precise tool in science is language. http://comppile.org/archives/WLA/WLA12.pdf [full text]. Writing as a Liberating Activity Newsletter, No. 12, 1-2, 4.
Keywords: school, G7, science-writing, science-course, WAC, precision, spelling, punctuation, group, peer-evaluation
Society for College Science Teachers. (1991). Programs and abstracts of the annual meeting of the Society For College Science Teachers (Houston, Texas, March 27-30, 1991): Volume 11. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 364 414.
Keywords: science-course, WAC
Society for College Science Teachers. (1992). Programs and abstracts of the annual meeting of the Society for College Science Teachers (Boston, Massachusetts, March 25-28, 1992),Volume 12. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 364 434.
Keywords: science-course, WAC, write-to-learn
Soliday, Mary. (2005). Mapping genres in a science in society class. In Herrington, Anne; Charles Moran (Eds.), Genre across the curriculum; Logan, UT: Utah State University Press.
Keywords: genre, WAC, pedagogy, science-course, sociology-course
Sommers, Nancy. (1994). A study of undergraduate writing at Harvard. Princeton, NJ: Harvard University, Expository Writing Program.
Keywords: undergraduate, Harvard University, teaching fellow, teacher-opinion, interview, questionnaire, data, longitudinal, junior, response, mentoring, requirement, FYC, WAC, major, science argumentation, pedagogy, sequence, assignment, undergraduate
Spanier, Bonnie B.. (1992). Encountering the biological sciences: Ideology, language, and learning. In Herrington, Anne; Charles Moran (Eds.), Writing, teaching and learning in the disciplines; New York, NY: Modern Language Associates.
Keywords: WAC, biology-course, ideology, language-analysis, learning-theory
Spatz, Lois S.. (1982). Six women: A demonstration of the uses of poetry in a health science curriculum. College English 44.7, 674-684.
Keywords: WAC, health-science-course, poetry, women, demonstration, poetry
Spencer, Larry. (1992). 'The inveterate invertebrate reporter'. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 03.2, 41-46.
Keywords: WAC, zoology-course, biology, pedagogy, newsletter, student publishing
Spencer, Larry. (1997). The inveterate invertebrate reporter [reprint]. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 08, 54-59.
Keywords: WAC, zoology-course, biology, pedagogy, newsletter, student publishing
Spencer, Larry. (1997). The inveterate invertebrate reporter--a backwards glance [afterword to Larry Spencer, 'The inveterate invertebrate reporter']. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 08, 60-62.
Keywords: WAC, zoology-course, biology, participation, newsletter, student publishing
Spencer, Larry T.. (1995). Incorporating writing into a general education historical geology course. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 06, 55-60.
Keywords: WAC, geology-course, history of geology, gen-ed, geology-course
Sprowl, Dale. (1997). Guided imagery in the social studies. In Olson, Carol Booth (Ed.), Practical ideas for teaching writing as a process at the high school and college level; rev. ed.; Sacramento, CA: Bureau of Publications, California Department of Education.
Keywords: pedagogy, WAC, graphic, mental, guided imagery, social-science-course, social
Squitieri, Louise. (1988). Cue: How to get started writing in anatomy and physiology. Journal of College Science Teaching 17.4, 279-280.
Keywords: WAC, anatomy-course, physiology-course, essay-exam, prompt-analysis
Stanesco, John David. (1991). The personal journal as a learning and evaluation tool in geology field-trip courses. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 204-205.
Keywords: geology-course, WAC, journal-writing, personal, observation, creative, reflection, field trip
Stotz, Nancy G.. (1998). The biology classroom: A natural place for narrative. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 429 293.
Keywords: biology-course, narrative, pedagogy, WAC, narrative
Stout, Roland P.. (2011). 'It's a shame to put such wonderful thoughts in such poor language': A chemist's perspective on writing in the disciplines. full text. Across the Disciplines 08.1.
Keywords: chemist-opinion, WAC, assignment, write-to-learn, chemistry-course, evaluation, shame
Strauss, Michael J.; Toby Fulwiler. (1987). Interactive writing and learning chemistry. Journal of College Science Teaching 16.4, 256-262.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, large-class, lecture, questioning, teacher-student, interactive, questioning, question box, interactive
Strauss, Michael J.; Toby Fulwiler. (1990). Writing to learn in large lecture classes. Journal of College Science Teaching 19.3, 158-163.
Keywords: WAC, large-class, lecture, science-course, learning-log, question-posing, pedagogy
Sutman, Francis X.; Cynthia Bilotta. (1986). Integrating methodologies of science-math and language. Teaneck, NJ: Peter Sammartino College of Education, Fairleigh Dickinson University.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, mathematics-course, integrated, methodological
Switzer, W. L.. (1978). Technical writing. Education in Chemistry 15.8, 185, 188.
Keywords: chemistry-course, techcom, senior, WAC
Szymanski, Erika A.. (2014). Instructor feedback in upper-division biology courses: Moving from spelling and syntax to scientific discourse. link to full text. Across the Disciplines 11.2 .
Keywords: WID, WAC, science-writing, discourse-community, feedback, mixed methods, life-sciences, science-course
Taffe, William J.. (1989). Writing in the computer science curriculum. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 01, 17-22.
Keywords: WAC, computer-science-course, write-to-learn
Taffe, William J.. (1997). Did I really write that? A retrospective introspection [to 'Writing in the computer science curriculum']. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 08, 160-163.
Keywords: WAC, computer-science-course, retrospective
Taffe, William J.. (1997). Writing in the computer science curriculum [reprint]. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 08, 154-159.
Keywords: WAC, computer-science-course
Tanis, Paul Jeffrey. (1991). Writing in a political science class: Meaning and authority [masters thesis]. Ypsilanti, MI: Eastern Michigan University.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, political-science, authority, interpretive
Tarabochia, Sandra L.. (2013). Language and relationship building: Analyzing discursive spaces of interdisciplinary collaboration. link to full text. Across the Disciplines 10.2 .
In this article, I use textual discourse analysis to build a deeper understanding of the discursive spaces through which interdisciplinary collaboration takes place. Drawing on Norman Fairclough's (2001) framework for interactional analysis, I examine the linguistic features of a handout I composed to facilitate a WID meeting with biology faculty. Mapping links between discourse, language, and social interaction, I argue, allows writing specialists to critically examine our communicative strategies and their impact on the professional relationships we broker, empowering us to more creatively navigate the challenge of interdisciplinary collaboration.
Keywords: WAC, WID, discourse analysis, interdisciplinary, cooperation, teacher-cooperation, biology-course, hermeneutic, linguistic analysis
Taylor, Anne. (1966). English for physical education students. Use of English 17.4, 315-320.
Keywords: curriculum, England, kinesiology-course, major, WAC
Taylor, Harriet G.; Katharine M. Paine. (1993). An interdisciplinary approach to the development of writing skills in computer science students. In Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education (Ed.), Proceedings of the twenty-fourth SIGCSE technical symposium on Computer science education, Indianapolis, IN; New York: Association for Computing Machinery.
Keywords: computer-science, WAC, pedagogy, interdisciplinary
Taylor, Katherine L.; Sara J. Sobota. (1998). Writing in biology: An integration of disciplines. American Biology Teacher 60.5, 350-353.
Keywords: biology-course, WAC, clustering, peer-evaluation, creativity, format, clarity, logical, arrangement, integrated
Taylor, William M.. (1987). Political science 202: International relations: Writing assignments. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 284 626.
Keywords: WAC, political-science-course, international-relations-course, assignment
TePaske, E. Russell. (1989). Writing in biology: One way to improve analytical thinking. American Biology Teacher 44.2, 98-99.
Keywords: WAC, biology-course, write-to-learn, critical-thinking
Tewksbury, Barbara J.. (1996). Teaching without exams--the challenges and benefits. Journal of Geoscience Education 44.4, 366-372.
Keywords: geology-course, WAC, oral-presentation, write-to-learn, student-motivation, engagement, sample
Thais, Chris. (1985). [Letter to the editor]. Writing across the Curriculum [Southern Technical Institute] 03.1, 2-3.
Keywords: WAC, interdisciplinary, sciences-humanities
Thaw, Jack. (1985). Writing for social sciences. In Sheidley, William E.; Karen Jambeck; Emily Stauffer (Eds.), What is good writing? Proceedings of a conference at the University of Connecticut (Storrs, Connecticut, December 6, 1980); ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 260 440.
Keywords: WAC, social-science-course, pedagogy, social
Thompson, P.. (1970). Why lab reports?. Physics Teacher 08, 204.
Keywords: WAC, laboratory-report, report-writing, physics-course, high-school
Tighe, Mary Ann. (1979). A survey of the teaching of composition in the English classroom and in the content areas of social studies and science [doctoral thesis]. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh.
Keywords: WAC, social-studies, science survey, pedagogy, data, social
Tinker, John R., Jr.. (1986). Technical writing in hydrogeology. Journal of Geological Education 34.1, 25-27.
Keywords: University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, geology-course, hydrology, case-method, WAC, assignment, technical-writing
Torrance, Mark; et al.. (1992). The writing experiences of social science research students. Studies in Higher Education 17.2, 155-167.
Keywords: student-perception, survey, graduate, social-science-course, WAC, authorship, habit, novice-expert, age-correlation, academic-success, research-report, needs-analysis, social
Totten, S.; C. Tinnin. (1988). Incorporating writing into the science curriculum. Science Activities 25.4, 25-29.
Keywords: science-course, WAC
Townsend, Martha. (1991). Instituting changes in curriculum and teaching style in liberal arts programs: A study of nineteen Ford Foundation projects [doctoral thesis]. Tempe, AZ: Arizona State University.
Keywords: literacy, liberal arts, WAC, science, case-study, site-analysis, style
Trombulak, Steve; Sallie Sheldon. (1989). The real value of writing to learn in biology. Journal of College Science Teaching 18.6, 384-386.
Keywords: biology-course, write-to-learn, WAC
Turner, Lynn G.; Christopher R. Daubert. (2004). Inquiry-guided learning in a food science capstone course. In Lee, Virginia S. (Ed.), Teaching and learning through inquiry: A guidebook for institutions and instructors; Sterling, VA: Stylus.
Keywords: WAC, inquiry-based, food-science-course, capstone, pedagogy
VanOrden, Naola. (1987). Critical-thinking writing assignments in general chemistry. Journal of Chemical Education 64.6, 506-507.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, critical-thinking, assignment
VanOrden, Naola. (1988). Write an autobiography of an element. Journal of Chemical Education 65, 995.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, assignment, first-day
Various. (1985). Methods of teaching chemistry students writing skills aired. Chemical and Engineering News 63.38, 32-33.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, faculty-symposium, competency, laboratory-report, clarity
Vazquez, John D.. (1992). Implementation of integrated skills reinforcement teaching and learning strategies in the social sciences, behavioral sciences and Puerto Rican and Latin-American studies courses. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 343 165.
Keywords: data, gain, WAC, Skills Reinforcement, La Guardia Community College, two-year, student-centered, ESL, native-nonnative, sociology-course, oral-presentation, collaborative, narrative-log, vocabulary, academic, social-science, behavioral, implementation, integrated, learner-strategy, Puerto Rico, Latin America, social
Walk, Kerry; Laura Saltz. (1999). Science A-30: Research paper in stages. Harvard Writing Project Bulletin (Fall), 2-3.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, Harvard University, term-paper, sequence, piecemeal, composing
Walker, J. R. L.. (1991). A student's guide to practical write-ups. Biochemical Education 19.1, 31-32.
Keywords: science-course, biochemistry, WAC, laboratory-report, edit-sheet, accuracy, data-collection, format, arrangement, error, editing, University of Canterbury [New Zealand]
Walker, Kristin. (1997). Consulting with lab, ESL students in an engineering writing center: Issues and strategies for dealing with the problem of plagiarism. [fulltext]. Writing Lab Newsletter 21.6, 1-5.
Keywords: wcenter, ESL, WAC, plagiarism, engineering, ESL, international, science-laboratory
Walter, Henry M.. (1998). Writing within the computer science curriculum. ACM SIGCSE Bulletin 30.2, 24-25.
Keywords: WAC, computer-science, pedagogy
Walvoord, Barbara E.; H. Fil Dowling, Jr.; with John Breihan; Virginia Johnson Gazzam; Carl E. Henderson; Gertrude B. Hopkins; Barbara Mallonee; Sally McNelis. (1990). The Baltimore Area Consortium. In Fulwiler, Toby; Art Young (Eds.) Programs that work: Models and methods for writing across the curriculum; Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook Heinemann.
Keywords: program, WAC, Baltimore Area Consortium, biology-course, write-to-learn
Walvoord, Barbara E.; Virginia Johnson Anderson; John R. Breihan; Lucille Parkinson McCarthy; Susan Miller Robison; A. Kimbrough Sherman. (1995). Functions of outlining among college students in four disciplines. Research in the Teaching of English 29.4, 390-421.
Keywords: outline, praxis, WAC, ethnographic, assignment, functional, arrangement, history-course, business-course, psychology-course, biology-course
Watts, Sylvia. (1984). Science: Writing and understanding--writing and learning. In Martin, Nancy (Ed.), Writing across the curriculum pamphlets; Upper Montclair, NJ: Boynton/Cook.
Keywords: science-course, write-to-learn, WAC
Wauchope, Barbara. (1990). Using personal journals in the classroom. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 324 698.
Keywords: social-science-course, journal-writing, pedagogy, WAC, grading, confidentiality, bibliotherapy, student-response, student-opinion
Weiss, Robert H.; S. A. Walters. (1979). Research on writing and learning: Some effects of learning-centered writing in five subject areas. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 191 073.
Keywords: pre-post, WAC, history-course, psychology-course, science-course, statistics-course, graduate, undergraduate, contrast-group, write-to-learn, wcenter, gain, data
Wieler, S. H.. (1986). A context-based study of the writing of eighteen year olds, with special reference to A-level biology, English, geography, history, history of art, and sociology [doctoral thesis]. London: University of London Institute of Education.
Keywords: ethnographic, WAC, England, contextual, data, A-level, biology-course, geography-course, history-course, sociology-course, art-history-course
Williamson, Michael M.. (1984). The function of writing in three college curricula: The modes of discourse and the registers of writing. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 252 884.
Keywords: WAC, biology-course, sociology-course, teacher-interview, ethnographic, response, register, epistemological, certainty, individuality, teacher-perspective, discourse mode, data
Williamson, Michael McKay. (1984). The function of writing in three college undergraduate curricula [doctoral thesis]. Buffalo, NY: State University of New York at Buffalo.
Keywords: WAC, biology, sociology, disciplinary, functional, contextual, academic, undergraduate
Wills, Howard. (1993). Writing is learning: Strategies for math, science, social studies and language arts. Bloomington, IN: EDINFO Press.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, mathematics-course, science-course, social-studies-course, school, language-arts, social
Wolfe, Christopher R.. (2011). Argumentation across the curriculum. Written Communication 28.2, 193-219.
Keywords: argumentation, WAC, cross-disciplinary, assignment-analysis, text-analysis, genre, taxonomy, undergraduate, data, frequency, engineering, fine arts, social-science, education, natural-science, humanities, business
Wotring, Anne M.. (1980). Writing to think about high school chemistry [masters thesis]. Fairfax, VA: George Mason University.
Keywords: high-school, chemistry-course, ethnographic, write-to-learn, WAC, data
Wotring, Anne Miller; Robert Tierney. (1981). Two studies of writing in high school science. [Writing to think about high school chemsitry; Using expressive writing to teach biology]. Berkeley, CA: University of California, Berkeley, Bay Area Writing Project.
Keywords: high-school, chemistry-course, biology-course, write-to-learn, expressivist, WAC
Yelderman, Joe Calvin, Jr.; Oliver Thomas Hayward. (1991). Geology through communication at Baylor University. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 240-242.
Keywords: geology-program, WAC, microtheme, advanced, oral-presentation, field-notebook, senior thesis
Yohon, Teresa; Don Zimmerman. (2006). An exploratory study of adoption of software and hardware by faculty in the liberal arts and sciences. Journal of Technical Writing and Communication, 36.1, 9-27.
Keywords: adoptation, hardware, software, teacher-choice, WAC, liberal arts, science data, computer, software
Young, Pearl I.. (1948). The responsibility of the teacher of college physics for the student's facility in American prose. American Journal of Physics 16 (November), 425-429.
Keywords: WAC, physics-course, science-writing, teacher responsibility
Youra, Steven. (2002). Spreading the words: Collaborative writing in 'Killer Lab'. In Anson, Christopher M. (Ed.), The WAC casebook: Scenes for faculty reflection and program development; New York: Oxford University Press.
Keywords: teacher-training, WAC, scenario, science-laboratory, grading, collaborative
Zamel, Vivian; Ruth Spack (Ed.). (2004). Crossing the curriculum: Multilingual learners in college classrooms. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
This edited collection brings together the perspectives of L2 students, ESOL and composition researchers, and faculty in different disciplines on what it means for L2 students to write and learn through writing across the curriculum and into specific disciplines. The first section is devoted to case study research on undergraduate L2 students’ experiences as they write across the curriculum; the second section features reflections by a L2 biology major and L2 sociology major on their writing and learning experiences in courses in their majors and across the curriculum; and the third section shares chapters written by faculty in anthropology, philosophy, nursing, literature, sociology, and Asian American studies on their attempts to address the needs of L2 writers in their classrooms. [Michelle Cox, WAC/WID and Second Language Writers (Part 3: Studies that Look at L2 Writer across Disciplines), WPA-CompPile Research Bibliographies, No. 8]
Keywords: ESL, skill-transfer, multilingual, WAC, academic, case-study, student-opinion, biology-major, sociology-major, pedagogy
Zerbe, Michael James. (1998). Toward a cultural studies-based pedagogy for the rhetoric of science [doctoral thesis]. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University.
Keywords: WAC, curriculum, cultural-studies, rhetoric, science, pedagogy
Ziegler, David W.. (1989). Recognizing the good essay: The learner as teacher. Political Science Teacher 02.3, 10-12.
Keywords: political-science-teacher, grading, subjectivity, teacher-bias, essay-exam, peer-evaluation, criteria, sample, analysis, narrative, ranking, rank-order, data, essay-exam, WAC, essay-quality, recognition
Zimmerman, S. Scott. (1978). Writing for chemistry: Food for thought must be appetizing. Journal of Chemical Education 55.11, 727.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, technical-writing, pedagogy, arrangement, revising, food, discipline-metaphor
Zinsser, William. (1988). Writing to learn. New York: Harper & Row.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, anxiety, apprehension, liberal arts, liberalism, mathematical, science-writing, music