The WAC Bibliography

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Welcome to the WAC Bibliography. The bibliography, developed and presented in collaboration with CompPile, was developed to support teachers across the disciplines who are interested in using writing and speaking in their courses; scholars who are interested in WAC theory and research; and program administrators, designers, and developers who have interests in the latest work in faculty outreach, program design, and assessment.

To view entries in the bibliography, follow the links to the right. If you are a member of the Clearinghouse, you can recommend new sources for the bibliography.

— Justin Jory
Bibliography Editor

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Agutter, Paul S.. (1987). Precision testing: A method for improving students' written work in biochemistry. Journal of Biological Education 13, 25-31.
Keywords: biology-course, biochemistry, WAC, pedagogy, data, science, terminology, precision testing, data, improvement, reading-skill
Alaimo, Peter J.; John C. Bean; Joseph M. Langenhan; Larry Nichols. (2009). Eliminating lab reports: A rhetorical approach for teaching the scientific paper in sophomore organic chemistry. [fulltext]. WAC Journal 20, 17-32.
Considers how an interdisciplinary team of faculty is striving to improve student performance on senior chemistry theses at Seattle University through an alternative approach to teaching the discourse of the scientific community within the year-long sophomore chemistry lab course. Drops the notion of teaching new students in formulaic, academic-specific ways, through utilization of rudimentary lab reports. Stresses the need to make students immediately aware of the inquiry-based, persuasive context of actual professional work and writing through collaborative-based experimentation that stresses multiple replications and use of evidence for conclusions. Suggests teaching the scientific paper over a year early in students' science careers and prioritizing students' 'writing process knowledge' through explicit instruction in writing within science courses. [Jaclyn Rossi]
Keywords: Seattle University, WAC, science-writing, sophomore, organic chemistry-course, laboratory-report, assignment, grading, inquiry, rubric, evaluation, response, data, process,
Atkinson, G. F.. (1986). Writing among other skills [response to Dominick A. Labianco and William J. Reeves, Journal of Chemical Education 62.5]. Journal of Chemical Education 63.4, 337-338.
Keywords: science-course, WAC, chemistry-course
Bailey, Richard A.; Cheryl Geisler. (1991). An approach to improving communication skills in a laboratory setting. Journal of Chemical Education 68, 150-152.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, chemistry-course, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, graduate student, consultancy
Barrow, D. A.. (1992). The use of portfolios to assess student learning: A Florida college's experiment in a general chemistry class. Journal of College Science Teaching 22.3, 148-153.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, portfolio, evaluation, gain, data
Beall, Herbert. (1991). In-class writing in general chemistry. Chemical Education 68, 148-149.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, lecture, class-size, in-class
Beall, Herbert. (1998). Expanding the scope of writing in chemical education. Journal of Science Education and Technology 07.3, 259-270.
Keywords: expressive, chemistry-course, WAC, impromptu, pedagogy
Beall, Herbert; John Trimbur. (1993). Writing in chemistry: Keys to student underlife. College Teaching 41.2, 50-54.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, in-class, impromptu, large-class, lecture, teacher-knowledge, student-resistance, teacher-resistance
Bering, C. Larry. (1991). Writing exercises and the biochemical literature in the first undergraduate biochemistry course. Biochemical Education 19.1, 17-18.
Keywords: report-writing, science-course, WAC, biochemistry, assignment, undergraduate
Burkett, Allan R.; Susan B. Dunkle. (1983). Technical writing in the undergraduate curriculum. Journal of Chemical Education 60.6, 469-470.
Keywords: chemistry, curriculum, WAC, needs-analysis, techcom, referencing, plagiarism, arrangement, synthesis, revising, pedagogy, undergraduate
Cooper, M. Melanie. (1995). Cooperative chemistry laboratories. Journal of Chemical Education 71, 307.
Keywords: cooperative, chemistry-course, write-to-learn, WAC
Coppola, Brian P.; Douglas S. Daniels. (1996). The role of written and verbal expression in improving communication skills for students in an undergraduate chemistry program. [full-text]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 01.3, 67-86.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry, talk-write, undergraduate, verbal
Gardner, Susan K.. (2007). 'I heard it through the grapevine': Doctoral student socialization in chemistry and history. Higher Education 54, 733-740.
Keywords: graduate, socialization, WAC, chemistry-course, history-course, social
Gilson, Regina Joanna. (1990). The effect of structured writing on achievement, time, and accuracy with a general chemistry laboratory [doctoral thesis]. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry, science-laboratory, laboratory-report, structured, improvement, pedagogy, accuracy
Greene, Brenda M.; Leon P. Johnson; William C. Harris; John M. Flowers. (1990). Revitalizing writing across the curriculum: Writing in the sciences. Community Review 11.1-2, 26-38.
Keywords: WAC, program, two-year, Medgar Evers College, chemistry-course, computer-science-course, summary-writing, writing-productivity, grading scale, criteria-sheet
Grisdale, Ernie. (1992). Critical thinking through writing in chemistry. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, chemistry-course
Keessen, Jan; Marjorie Ann White. (1991). Writing across the curriculum: 'Wanted: Guidelines for teaching writing in non-writing courses,' and 'WAC--an answer to multicultural diversity'. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 348 693.
Keywords: WAC, research-method, multicultural, chemistry-course, pedagogy, guidelines
Klein, Bill; Betsy M. Aller. (1998). Writing across the curriculum in college chemistry: A practical bibliography. [full-text]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 02.3, 25-35.
We begin by pointing to studies that suggest why WAC can be useful, then turn to reports of successful approaches to using writing at all levels of the chemistry curriculum. Additional resources are listed at the end of this article. [WAC Clearinghouse]
Keywords: WAC, chemistry, bibliography
Klein, William Dixon. (1999). The political and economic impacts of writing across the curriculum in chemistry at the University of Missouri-St. Louis [doctoral thesis]. Houghton, MI: Michigan Technological University.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, political, economic, University of Missouri St. Louis
McMillan, Fay C.. (1988). Writing in different disciplines: Problems and possibilities. Writing Across the Curriculum [Southern Technical Institute] 05.2, 12-16.
Keywords: WAC, program, needs-analysis, interdisciplinary, discipline-specific, assignment, mathematics-course, engineeringcourse, chemistry-course, vocational, literature-course, biology-course, history-course, psychology-course, sociology-course, business education
Melhado, L. Lee. (1981). Technical writing and the chemical literature: A unified approach. Journal of College Science Teaching 10.5, 299-302.
Keywords: chemistry-course, WAC, syllabus, pedagogy, integrated
Moss, Andrew; Carol Holder. (1988). Improving student writing: A guidebook for faculty in all disciplines. Pomona, CA: California State Polytechnic University; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Intended for college faculty in all disciplines, this guidebook offers practical methods and ideas intended to help teachers clarify writing assignments so that students' writing will improve, as has been seen to happen when teachers sharpen their responses to students' papers. Contents include: (1) "Assigning Writing," which describes ways of designing effective assignments including journals and ungraded writing, provides 17 suggestions for making and presenting writing assignments, and includes a checklist for evaluating assignments; (2) "Assignments That Work," which consists of a collection of writing assignments developed by instructors in various fields, including agricultural engineering, American studies, biology, chemistry, counseling, and criminal justice; (3) "Essay Examinations," which discusses how to write effective essay questions and how to help students write better exams; (4) "Strategies for Helping Students," which includes guidelines on brainstorming, research, and planning, drafting and revising, as well as a writer's checklist; (5) "Integrating Reading and Writing," which examines anticipation guides, selective reading guides, graphic organizers, vocabulary previews, and student journals; and (6) "Evaluating Students' Writing," which covers pre-evaluation, evaluation, paper marking, scores and scoring guides, and post-evaluation. (Eleven references are included, and appended are a sample of on-the-job writing tasks for professionals, a sample accounting assignment, and a techniques inventory for assigning writing and reading in the disciplines.) [ERIC; WAC Clearinghouse]
Keywords: WAC, assignment, journal, grading, evaluation, scale, list, checklist, essay-exam, read-write, academic, agricultural engineering, American studies, biology, chemistry, counseling, criminal-justice, commenting, pedagogy, workplace, task, essay-quality, teacher-manual, student-writing
Munoz, Martha. (2004). Martha's reflections on learning across the curriculum. In Zamel, Vivian; Ruth Spack (Ed.), Crossing the curriculum: Multilingual learners in college classrooms; Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Keywords: ESL, WAC, academic, acculturation, student-opinion, Spanish-English, first-year seminar, literature-course, chemistry-course, biology-course, student-story
Olmsted, John, III. (1984). Teaching varied technical writing styles in the upper division laboratory. Journal of Chemical Education 61.9, 798-800.
Keywords: chemistry-course, WAC, report-writing, style, advanced, genre, style, upper-division, science-laboratory
Powell, Alfred. (1985). A chemist's view of writing, reading, and thinking across the curriculum. College Composition and Communication 36.4, 414-418.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry, critical-thinking
Rosenthal, Lois C.. (1987). Writing across the curriculum: Chemistry lab reports. Journal of Chemical Education 64.12, 996-998.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, laboratory-report, science-writing, academic
Rosenthal, Lois C.. (1987). Writing across the curriculum: Chemistry lab reports. Journal of Chemical Education 64.12, 996-998.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, laboratory-report, pedagogy
Rutz, Carol. (2002). A chemistry experiment in writing. In Anson, Christopher M. (Ed.), The WAC casebook: Scenes for faculty reflection and program development; New York: Oxford University Press.
Keywords: teacher-training, WAC, scenario, chemistry-course, first-year seminar, discipline recruitment, experimentation
Sherwood, Donna W.; Jeffrey Kovac. (1999). Writing in chemistry: An effective learning tool. Journal of Chemical Education 76.10, 1399-1403.
Keywords: chemistry-course, WAC, write-to-learn, University of Tennessee-Knoxville
Shires, N. P.. (1991). Teaching writing in college chemistry: A practical bibliography 1980-1990. Journal of Chemical Education 68.6, 494-495.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, bibliography [48 items]
Smith, Stanley G.; Ruth Chabay; Elizabeth Kean. (1989). Writing: Introduction to general chemistry. In Graves, William H. (Ed.), Computing across the curriculum: Academic perspectives; McKinney, TX: Academic Computing Publications.
Keywords: WAC, computer, chemistry-course, write-to-learn
Stout, Roland P.. (2011). 'It's a shame to put such wonderful thoughts in such poor language': A chemist's perspective on writing in the disciplines. full text. Across the Disciplines 08.1.
Keywords: chemist-opinion, WAC, assignment, write-to-learn, chemistry-course, evaluation, shame
Strauss, Michael J.; Toby Fulwiler. (1987). Interactive writing and learning chemistry. Journal of College Science Teaching 16.4, 256-262.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, large-class, lecture, questioning, teacher-student, interactive, questioning, question box, interactive
Switzer, W. L.. (1978). Technical writing. Education in Chemistry 15.8, 185, 188.
Keywords: chemistry-course, techcom, senior, WAC
VanOrden, Naola. (1987). Critical-thinking writing assignments in general chemistry. Journal of Chemical Education 64.6, 506-507.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, critical-thinking, assignment
VanOrden, Naola. (1988). Write an autobiography of an element. Journal of Chemical Education 65, 995.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, assignment, first-day
Various. (1985). Methods of teaching chemistry students writing skills aired. Chemical and Engineering News 63.38, 32-33.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, faculty-symposium, competency, laboratory-report, clarity
Walker, J. R. L.. (1991). A student's guide to practical write-ups. Biochemical Education 19.1, 31-32.
Keywords: science-course, biochemistry, WAC, laboratory-report, edit-sheet, accuracy, data-collection, format, arrangement, error, editing, University of Canterbury [New Zealand]
Wotring, Anne M.. (1980). Writing to think about high school chemistry [masters thesis]. Fairfax, VA: George Mason University.
Keywords: high-school, chemistry-course, ethnographic, write-to-learn, WAC, data
Wotring, Anne Miller; Robert Tierney. (1981). Two studies of writing in high school science. [Writing to think about high school chemsitry; Using expressive writing to teach biology]. Berkeley, CA: University of California, Berkeley, Bay Area Writing Project.
Keywords: high-school, chemistry-course, biology-course, write-to-learn, expressivist, WAC
Zimmerman, S. Scott. (1978). Writing for chemistry: Food for thought must be appetizing. Journal of Chemical Education 55.11, 727.
Keywords: WAC, chemistry-course, technical-writing, pedagogy, arrangement, revising, food, discipline-metaphor