The WAC Bibliography

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Welcome to the WAC Bibliography. The bibliography, developed and presented in collaboration with CompPile, was developed to support teachers across the disciplines who are interested in using writing and speaking in their courses; scholars who are interested in WAC theory and research; and program administrators, designers, and developers who have interests in the latest work in faculty outreach, program design, and assessment.

To view entries in the bibliography, follow the links to the right. If you are a member of the Clearinghouse, you can recommend new sources for the bibliography.

— Justin Jory
Bibliography Editor

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Writing to Learn

Adams, Barbara; Angela Bodino; Olivia Bissell; Myrna Smith. (1985). Writing for learning: How to achieve a total college commitment. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 258 666.
Keywords: student-commitment, write-to-learn, WAC
Allen, George J.. (1984). Using a personalized system of instruction to improve the writing skills of undergraduates. Teaching of Psychology 11.2, 95-98.
Keywords: psychology-course, write-to-learn, WAC, style, clarity, drop-out, persistence, paper-load, improvement, undergraduate
Allen, Naomi Barbara R.. (1991). A study of metacognitive skill as influenced by expressive writing in college introductory algebra classes [doctoral thesis]. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College.
Keywords: write-to-learn, metacognition, skill, expressive, WAC, algebra, introductory
Allen, Sheilah. (1989). Writing for learning about the writing process. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 362 882.
Keywords: pedagogy, education-major, psycholinguistic, psycholinguistics-course, write-to-learn, journal-writing, WAC, assignment, learning-log, process
Ambron, Joanna. (1987). Writing to improve learning in biology. Journal of College Science Teaching 16, 263-266.
Keywords: biology-course, write-to-learn, WAC
Ambron, Joanna. (1988). Clustering: An interactive technique to enhance learning in biology. Journal of College Science Teaching 18, 122-127.
Keywords: biology-course, write-to-learn, heuristic, pre-writing, clustering, interactive, WAC, interactive
Andrews, Roy. (1991). Marine biology: An opportunistic approach. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 03.1, 37-39.
Keywords: WAC, biology-course, marine biology, write-to-learn
Andrews, Roy. (1998). Writing to learn in the music and theatre department. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 09, 89-94.
Keywords: WAC, music-course, drama-course, write-to-learn, theatre-arts
Anisfeld, Moshe. (1987). A course to develop competence in critical reading of empirical research in psychology. Teaching of Psychology 14.4, 224-227.
Keywords: psychology-course, case-method, WAC, write-to-learn, critical-reading, empirical
Anson, Chris M.. (1988). Toward a multidimensional model of writing in the academic disciplines. In Jolliffe, David A. (Ed.), Writing in academic disciplines (Advances in writing research, Vol. 2); Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing.
Keywords: WAC, multidimensional, model, theory, contextual, discourse-analysis, academic, nonacademic, WID, research-method, survey, faculty, review-of-scholarship, ideology, curriculum, write-to-learn, development, interpretive, research-agenda
Anson, Chris M.. (1997). In our own voices: Using recorded commentary to respond to writing. In Sorcinelli, Mary Deane; Peter Elbow (Eds.), Writing to learn:Strategies for assigning and responding to writing across the disciplines (New directions for teaching and learning, No. 69); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, response, audiotape, transcript-analysis, guidelines, dialogic, audioresponse
Anson, Chris M.. (2010). The intradisciplinary influence of composition and WAC, 1867-1986. link to full text. WAC Journal 21, 5-19.
Keywords: WAC, disciplinary, professional-periodical, history, 1867-1986, composition-studies, trend, write-to-learn, skill, data
Applebee, Arthur N.. (1984). Writing and reasoning. Review of Educational Research 54.4, 577-596.
Keywords: WAC, critical-thinking, literacy, reasoning, write-to-learn, review-of-scholarship
Arkle, Stephen. (1985). Better writers, better thinkers. link to 2013 WAC Clearinghouse reprint In Gere, Ann Ruggles; Roots in the sawdust: Writing to learn across the disciplines; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: write-to-learn, write-to-think, critical-thinking, pedagogy, WAC
Arons, Arnold B.. (1981). Thinking, reasoning, and understanding in an introductory physics course. Physics Teacher 19 (March), 166-172.
Keywords: write-to-learn, reasoning, physics-course, WAC, introductory
Artino, Carmen Q.. (1997). Writing in my calculus classroom: An evolution. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 461 508.
Keywords: mathematics-course, write-to-learn, pedagogy, journal-writing, exercise, WAC
Ashworth, Thomas Edward. (1992). Using writing-to-learn strategies in community college associate degree nursing programs [doctoral thesis]. Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
Keywords: nursing, write-to-learn, two-year, WAC, critical-thinking, improvement, data
Bahls, Patrick. (2012). Student writing in the quantitative disciplines: A guide for college faculty. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Keywords: WAC, WID, write-to-learn, hard science, quantitative, mathematics-course, guidelines, evaluation, response, student-writing
Bamberg, Betty. (2000). WAC in the 90's: Changing contexts and challenges. [fulltext]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 4.2.
Bamberg discusses the theoretical dichotomy created by writing-to-learn and writing in the disciplines philosophies. She argues that viewing these philosophies as dichotomous oversimplifies a complex relationship.
Keywords: history, WAC, WID, writing across the curriculum, writing to learn
Barnett, marjorie. (1982). Writing and medicine. [fulltext]. Writing: Newsletter of the George Mason University Faculty Writing Program 02 (April), 3.
Keywords: WAC, medical, write-to-learn
Barrett, Dan. (2012). An old-school notion: Writing required. full text. Chronicle of Higher Education.
Keywords: survey, WAC, write-to-learn, Partnership for the Study of Writing in College, NSSE, pedagogy
Barua, Dibakar. (1986). From self to world: An exploratory approach to writing across the curriculum. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 286 208.
Keywords: science-course, WAC, assignment, sequence, pedagogy, write-to-learn, self-evaluation, idea-elaboration
Bazerman, Charles; Joseph Little; Lisa Bethel; Teri Chavkin; Danielle Fouquette; Janet Garufis. (2005). Reference guide to writing across the curriculum (Reference guides to rhetoric and composition). Fort Collins, CO: WAC Clearinghouse; West Lafayette, IN: Parlor Press http://wac.colostate.edu/books/bazerman_wac/.
Keywords: WAC, review-of-scholarship, history, write-to-learn, science-writing, rhetoric, disciplinary, assessment, program, needs-analysis, bibliography
Beaman, Bruce. (1985). Writing to learn social studies. link to 2013 WAC Clearinghouse reprint In Gere, Ann Ruggles; Roots in the sawdust: Writing to learn across the disciplines; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: WAC, social-studies-course, write-to-learn, pedagogy
Bechtel, Judith. (1985). Cognition, convention, and certainty: What we need to know about writing. In Bechtel, Judith (Ed.), Improving writing and learning: A handbook for teachers in every class; Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
Keywords: WAC, theory, write-to-learn, cognitive, conventional, current-traditional, research-method, review-of-scholarship
Beck, James P.. (1984). Two more comments on 'Writing as learning through the curriculum' [by C. H. Knoblauch; Lil Brannon]. College English 46.4, 405-.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn
Becker, Stephen F.. (1995). Teaching writing to teach physics [guest editorial]. American Journal of Physics 63.7, 587.
Keywords: write-to-learn, physics-course, syllabus, WAC, decentralized, guest-editorial
Beers, Susan E.. (1985). Use of a portfolio writing assignment in a course on developmental psychology. Teaching of Psychology 12.2, 94-96.
Keywords: WAC, psychology-course, topic choice, interviewing, readings, student-response, data, student-opinion, portfolio, write-to-learn
Beins, Bernard C.. (1991). Writing in statistics classes encourages students to learn interpretation. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 340 039.
Keywords: statistics-course, write-to-learn, WAC, interpretive, contrast-group, pedagogy, press-release, jargon, data
Bell, Elizabeth S.; Ronald N. Bell. (1985). Writing and mathematical problem solving: Arguments in favor of synthesis. School Science and Mathematics 85, 210-221.
Keywords: WAC, mathematics-course, write-to-learn
Bensel-Meyers, Linda; Donald Samson; University of Tennessee, Learning Research Center. (1988). The role of rhetoric in academic inquiry: The philosophy and effect of the writing to learn program at UTK [University of Tennessee, Knoxville). ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 364 176.
Keywords: write-to-learn, University of Tennessee Knoxville, WAC, program, pedagogy, liberal arts, inquiry, philosophy
Bertch, Julie. (1985). Writing for learning: Starting a writing across the curriculum program in the community college. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 256 387.
Keywords: two-year, implementation, program, WAC, write-to-learn
Beutler, Suzanne A.. (1988). Using writing to learn about astronomy. Reading Teacher 41.4, 412-417.
Keywords: WAC, astronomy-course, write-to-learn
Beyer, Barry K.. (1980). Using writing to learn in history. History Teacher 13.2, 167-178.
Keywords: WAC, history-course, historiography, write-to-learn
Beyer, Barry K.; Anita Brostoff. (1979). Writing to learn in social studies. Social Education 43, 176-177.
Keywords: social-studies-course, write-to-learn, WAC, social
Birch, Gary; Enju Norris; Himiko Negishi; Griffith University [Nathan, Australia]. (1995). The effect of explicit teaching of learning strategies on students' reading and writing in a Japanese partial immersion program, immersion. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 398 727.
Keywords: WAC, L1-L2, English-Japanese, write-to-learn, think-aloud, protocol-analysis, interview, data, explicit teaching, immersion, learner-strategy
Blevins-Knabe, Belinda. (1987). Writing to learn while learning to write. Teaching of Psychology 14.4, 239-241.
Keywords: write-to-learn, psychology-course, content-course, WAC, learning-theory, active-learning, learning-process, assignment
Bodino, Angela Adamides; Princeton University, Mid-Career Fellowship Program. (1988). Using writing to integrate the curriculum: The constructs at the core. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 297 787.
Keywords: two-year, WAC, gen-ed, core-curriculum, write-to-learn, assignment, interdisciplinary, intensive, syllabus, Raritan Valley Community College [New Jersey]
Bohan, Chara Haeussler; O. L. Davis, Jr.. (1998). Historical constructions: How social studies student teachers' historical thinking is reflected in their writing of history. Theory and Research in Social Education 26.2, 173-197.
Keywords: social-studies-course, historiography, multiple sources, write-to-learn, WAC, teacher-training, teacher-as-writer, social
Boice, Robert. (1990). Faculty resistance to writing-intensive courses. Teaching of Psychology 17.1, 13-17.
Keywords: WAC, faculty-resistance, write-to-learn, writing-intensive, teacher-opinion, survey, data
Bolt-Lee, Cynthia; Sheila D. Foster. (2000). Examination retakes in accounting: Increasing learning by writing after the exam. [fulltext]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 04.2.
Bolt-Lee and Foster contend that examination retakes are beneficial because they offer students a maximum increase in knowledge and an opportunity to enhance written communication skills in exchange for a minimum increase in grades.
Keywords: WAC, WID, accounting, revising, test-retest, write-to-learn
Bond, Lynne A.. (1989). Teaching developmental psychology. In Bronstein, P.; K. Quina (Eds.), Teaching a psychology of people: Resources for gender and sociocultural awareness; Washington, D. C.: American Psychological Association.
Keywords: psychology-course, WAC, journal-writing, write-to-learn
Braine, George Stanley. (1989). An analysis of the writing tasks of undergraduate courses in the natural sciences and engineering [doctoral thesis]. Austin, TX: University of Texas at Austin.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, science-course, engineering, natural-science, undergraduate
Brennan, Michael J.. (1995). Essay writing in nursing: Alerting students and teachers to the educational benefits. Nurse Education Today 15.5, 351-356.
Keywords: WAC, nursing-course, essay-writing, reflection, self-evaluation, write-to-learn
Brewster, Marty. (1988). Ten ways to revise tired learning logs. English Journal 77, 57.
Keywords: WAC, learning-log, school, pedagogy, write-to-learn
Britton, James. (1972). Writing to learn and learning to write. In National Council of Teachers of English (Ed.), The humanity of English: NCTE distinguished lectures, 1972; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC
Bronson, Barbara. (1985). An impartial observer's view of write-to-learn classes. link to 2013 WAC Clearinghouse reprint In Gere, Ann Ruggles; Roots in the sawdust: Writing to learn across the disciplines; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: write-to-learn, data, classroom-observation, ethnographic, WAC, pedagogy
Bronstein, Phyllis. (1989). Personality from a sociocultural perspective. In Bronstein, Phyllis; Kathryn Quina (Eds.), Teaching a psychology of people: Resources for gender and sociocultural awareness; Washington, D. C.: American Psychological Association.
Keywords: psychology-course, WAC, journal-writing, write-to-learn, sociocultural
Brown, William S.. (1998). Power of self-reflection through epistemic writing. College Teaching 46.4, 135-138.
Keywords: social-studies-course, organizational behavior, WAC, write-to-learn, synthesis, sample, student-opinion
Buerk, Dorothy; Wellesley College Center for Research on Women. (1986). Carolyn Werbel's journal: Voicing the struggle to make meaning of mathematics (Working paper No. 160). ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 297 977.
Keywords: WAC, mathematics-course, journal-writing, resistance, case-study, sample, data, write-to-learn, women, text-analysis
Burns, Roxanne H.. (1994). Helping students succeed at a creative writing assignment in the biological sciences. American Biology Teacher 56.6, 364-366.
Keywords: biology-course, human-anatomy, write-to-learn, WAC, process
Burton, Grace M.. (1985). Writing as a way of knowing in a mathematics education class. Arithmetic Teacher 33.4, 40-45.
Keywords: WAC, mathematics-course, knowledge-making, write-to-learn
Bustamante, Isabel. (1991). The role of reading in teaching business writing. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 345 549.
Keywords: bizcom, business Spanish, L1-L2, English-Spanish, letter-writing, write-to-learn, University of Toledo [Ohio], WAC, contrast-group, gain, data
Caldwell, Elizabeth Ann; Mary Deane Sorcinelli. (1997). The role of faculty development programs in helping teachers to improve student learning through writing. In Sorcinelli, Mary Deane; Peter Elbow (Eds.), Writing to learn:Strategies for assigning and responding to writing across the disciplines (New directions for teaching and learning, No. 69); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, faculty-workshop, retraining
Carpenter, J. Harrison; Margie Krest. (2001). It's about the science: Students writing and thinking about data in a scientific writing course. [fulltext]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 5.2.
The problem for the teaching of discipline-specific writing is that disciplinary standards of style and form often trump writing teachers' concerns for fostering critical thinking; as a result, teachers overemphasize correctness and format. Our approach is based on the belief that a generative view of genre can be the basis for students learning how to think critically about science.
Keywords: WAC, WID, writing across the curriculum, conventions, science, critical thinking, writing to learn, genre, data-interpretation
Carpenter, Tracy; Jean Ellis; Kristine Murray. (1991). Writing in math classes. In Morris, Barbra S. (Ed.); Detroit Public Schools; University of Michigan; Writing to learn in disciplines: Detroit teachers combine research and practice in their classrooms (a Detroit Public Schools/University of Michigan collaborative publilcation); ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 333 420.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, school-college, mathematics-course
Carter, Michael. (2007). Ways of knowing, doing, and writing in the disciplines. College Composition and Communication 58.3, 385-418.
Drawing on the North American genre theories of Carolyn Miller, David Russell, and Charles Bazerman, as well as eight years’ work with outcomes descriptions and assessments, Carter proposes that disciplines define themselves by the genres or intellectual actions central to their work. This definition has several implications: (a) it defies the late 19th century notion of university disciplines as static bodies of declarative knowledge; (b) it forwards the more recent sense of disciplines as collaborations of scholars engaged in ongoing work; (c) it draws attention to the act of writing as the means by which the essential work of all disciplines is realized; (d) it makes it inevitable that all faculty are teachers of writing; and (e) it suggests fruitful areas of cooperation among disciplines. After describing the many genres through which intellectual work is realized, Carter describes four metagenres (Problem Solving, Empirical Inquiry, Research from Sources, Performance) that name intellectual actions common to many disciplines. He suggests that by concentrating on these metagenres, university specialists in WID can help all faculty better understand and teach the genres in which they are engaged and for which they are responsible. The article closes with an appendix listing program outcomes from three academic departments at NCSU, Carter’s home institution. [A. Patricia Burnes, Supporting Undergraduate Writers Beyond the First Year, WPA-CompPile Research Bibliographies, No. 6]
Keywords: WID, discipline, genre, meta, multidisciplinary, cross-discipline, Dave R. Russell, Carolyn R. Miller, Charles Bazerman, WAC, epistemological, write-to-learn, outcomes
Chabot, Chris; Warren Tomkiewicz. (1998). Writing in the natural science department. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 09, 52-59.
Keywords: WAC, natural-science-course, write-to-learn
Chacon, Elia; Tana Whiteman. (1988). Writing to learn how to teach in a dental hygiene program. In Killingsworth, Jimmie; Donald H. Cunningham; Laurie L. Jones (Eds.); Texas Tech University; Designing writing assignments for vocational-technical courses: A guide for teachers in the two-year college and technical institute; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 298 331.
Keywords: dental hygiene, science-course, write-to-learn, WAC
Chamberlin, Ruth Louise. (1988). An exploratory study of learning logs as a writing to learn strategy in college classrooms [doctoral thesis]. Kent, OH: Kent State University.
Keywords: journal-writing, write-to-learn, learning-log, retraining, WAC
Chanock, Kate. (2003). A framework for analyzing varieties of writing in a discipline. [fulltext]. WAC Journal 14, 49-66.
Keywords: WAC, genre-analysis, model, write-to-learn, disciplinary, archaeology-course, Australia
Clark, Beverly Lyon. (1984). Responding to students: Ughs, AWKs, and ahas. Improving College and University Teaching 32.4, 169-172.
Keywords: response, WAC, write-to-learn
Clark, Harold F.. (1939). The learning of subject matter. Teachers College Record 41.2, 102-115.
Keywords: write-to-learn, subject-course, WAC, interdisciplinary, learning-theory
Codespoti, Daniel J.. (1994). The capstone of the C.S. major [computer science]. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 396 671.
Keywords: computer-science-course, capstone, write-to-learn, WAC
Coffinberger, Richard. (1983). Evaluating the classroom journal as a supplemental teaching strategy in business law. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, journal, business-law, data
Cogan, Felicia. (1992). Learning literature sans pipe and tweed. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, writing-about-lit
Cohen, Avi J.; John Spencer. (1993). Using writing across the curriculum in economics: Is taking the plunge worth it?. Journal of Economic Education 24.3, 219-230.
Keywords: write-to-learn, economics-course, team-teaching, assignment, criteria-sheet, WAC, pedagogy
Coker, Frances H.; Allen Scarboro. (1990). Writing to learn in upper-division sociology courses: Two case studies. Teaching Sociology 18.2, 218-222.
Keywords: advanced, WAC, intensive, sociology-course, religion, Millsaps College [Mississippi], write-to-learn
Coles, Kenneth Spencer. (1991). Journal assignments in an introductory-geology course help the student and teacher. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 187-189.
Keywords: geology-course, WAC, first-year, journal-writing, improvement, write-to-learn, originality, introductory
Connor-Greene, Patricia A.; Janice W. Murdoch. (2000). Does writing matter? Assessing the impact of daily essay quizzes in enhancing student learning. [fulltext]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 4.1.
This paper addresses the impact of brief daily essay quizzes as a strategy for simultaneously assessing and promoting student learning.
Keywords: WAC, WID, daily composing, quiz, assessment, write-to-learn
Cooper, M. Melanie. (1995). Cooperative chemistry laboratories. Journal of Chemical Education 71, 307.
Keywords: cooperative, chemistry-course, write-to-learn, WAC
Coward, Pat; Jo Taylor. (1983). Composition and science: A symbiotic relationship. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 238 001.
Keywords: science-course, write-to-learn, WAC, symbiotic
Crain, Jeanie C.. (1984). Two more comments on 'Writing as learning through the curriculum' [by C. H. Knoblauch; Lil Brannon]. College English 46.4, 406-407.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn
Crosser, Rick; Doug Laufer. (1990). An empirical analysis of student attitudes towards the value of written communication skills. Decision Science Institute Conference Proceedings 20.
Keywords: WAC, accounting-course, data, student-opinion, write-to-learn, empirical
Crowe, Douglas; Janet Youga. (1986). Using writing as a tool for learning economics. Journal of Economic Education 17.3, 218-222.
Keywords: WAC, economics-course, write-to-learn, pedagogy, response
Crowhurst, Marion. (1989). The role of writing in subject-area learning. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 303 805.
Keywords: pre-service, write-to-learn, WAC, pre-post, student-attitude, cross-disciplinary, data
Culver, Kandace. (2000). An article in review of article reviews. [fulltext]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 11, 79-86.
Keywords: WAC, assignment, writing-to-learn, student-opinion, geography-course, education-course, article-review
Cunningham, Billie M.. (1991). The impact of student writing in learning accounting. Community/Junior College Quarterly of Research and Practice 15.3, 317-325.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, two-year, Collin County Community College, accounting-course, contrast-group, current-traditional, journal-writing, course-grade, retention, data, student-writing
Daniels, Harvey; Steven Zemelman; Nancy Steineke. (2007). Content-area writing: Every teacher's guide. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.
Keywords: WAC, content-course, write-to-learn, microtheme, public, process, project, workshopping, testing, essay-exam
Dansdill Timothy. (2005). Writing to learn across the personal essay: The art of digital pastiche. Segall, Mary T.; Robert Smart (Eds.), Direct from the disciplines: Writing across the curriculum; Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, personal essay, personal essay, essay-writing, pastiche, as-an-art, artistic
Davis, David J.. (1984). Writing across the curriculum: A research review. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 254 848.
Keywords: WAC, review-of-scholarship, program, objective, write-to-learn, college-span, teacher-cooperation
Davis, Donna Self. (1991). Writing to learn science: Types of rocks. In Roberts, David H.; Peggy A. Swoger (Eds.); Samford University, Orlean Bullard Beeson School of Education; Impact '91: Building a community of writers for the 21st century: A compilation of the teaching demonstrations, personal and professional writings, and daily activities of the Samford University Writing Project, 1991, July 8-August 8, 1991; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 376 504.
Keywords: write-to-learn, geology-course, WAC
Davis, Larry Eugene; et al.. (1991). Student abstract writing as a tool for writing across the curriculum in large introductory-geology courses. Journal of Geological Education 39.3, 178-180.
Keywords: geology, large-class, lecture, abstract-writing, WAC, concision, write-to-learn, evaluation, introductory
DeNight, Shawn. (1992). Writing to learn activities in writing across the curriculum classrooms. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 360 646.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, activity, pedagogy
Detoye, Lela M.. (1986). Using writing to develop metacognitive skills. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 277 004. Illinois English Bulletin 74.1, 39-45.
Keywords: WAC, school, write-to-learn, metacognition
Dittmar, Trudy. (1984). 'Writing to think and learn': An interdisciplinary research course. In Klaus, Carl H.; Nancy Jones (Eds.), Courses for change in writing: A selection from the NEH/Iowa Institute; Upper Montclair, NJ: Boynton/Cook in cooperation with The Institute on Writing of the University of Iowa.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, interdisciplinary, syllabus, term-paper
Dixon, Richard. (1994). Developing higher cognitive skills through interpretive writing. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 374 643.
Keywords: L2, English-Spanish, write-to-learn, WAC, poetry-writing, sample, pedagogy, cognitive, skill, interpretive
Donlan, Dan. (1974). Teaching writing in the content areas: Eleven hypotheses from a teacher survey. Research in the Teaching of English 08.2, 250-262.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, teacher-opinion, questionnaire
Donlan, Dan. (1976). Social studies textbooks and the teaching of assigned writing. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 122 303.
Keywords: social-science-course, WAC, textbook, write-to-learn, term-paper, biography, assignment, historiography, causation, expository, pedagogy, model-paragraph, social
Donlan, Dan. (1976). Textbook writing assignments in three content areas. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 123 635.
Keywords: textbook, discipline, WAC, assignment, disciplinary, science-course, mathematics-course, social-studies-course, survey, pedagogy, data, frequency, write-to-learn
Draper, Virginia. (1979). Formative writing: Writing to assist learning in all subject areas correctness (Curriculum publication, No. 3). Berkeley, CA: University of California, Berkeley, Bay area Writing Project [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 184 115].
Keywords: write-to-learn, assignment, WAC, correctness, Bay Area Writing Project, freewriting, journal-writing, formative, subjective-area, WAC
Draper, Virginia. (1982). Formative writing: Writing to assist learning in all subject areas. In Camp, Gerald (Ed.), Teaching writing: Essays from the Bay Area writing project; University of California-Berkeley, CA: Boynton/Cook Publishers [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 230 963].
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, content-course, pedagogy, formative, subject-area
Drexel, Peter; Roy Andrews. (1998). Writing in computer science courses: An e-mail dialog. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 09, 60-68.
Keywords: WAC, computer-science-course, write-to-learn, email, dialogue
Dunn, Patricia A.. (1998). Forgotten elements in writing across the curriculum: Speaking-to-learn and collaborative interdisciplinary research. Issues in Writing 09.1, 19-42.
Keywords: WAC, speak-write, write-to-learn, speak-to-learn, collaboration, interdisciplinary
East, Mary E. (Judy). (1992). Writing to learn and co-operative learning go hand-in-hand when teaching an intro to computers class. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, computer-course, collaboration, two-year
Ebert, Dineen. (1992). Directories: Writing to learn and reading strategies in the WordPerfect classroom. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, read-write, reader-strategy, computer-classroom, directory-writing, two-year
Ediger, Marlow. (1992). Writing in social studies. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 355 519.
Keywords: WAC, social-studies-course, thematic, Middle East, Palestine, write-to-learn, social
Elbow, Peter. (1971). Real learning and nondisciplinary courses. Journal of General Education 23.3.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn
Elbow, Peter. (1997). Grading student writing: Making it simpler, fairer, clearer. In Sorcinelli, Mary Deane; Peter Elbow (Eds.), Writing to learn:Strategies for assigning and responding to writing across the disciplines (New directions for teaching and learning, No. 69); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, grading, student-writing
Elbow, Peter. (1997). High stakes and low stakes in assigning and responding to writing. In Sorcinelli, Mary Deane; Peter Elbow (Eds.), Writing to learn:Strategies for assigning and responding to writing across the disciplines (New directions for teaching and learning, No. 69); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Elbow claims that low-stakes writing assignments help to facilitate learning and yield clear, even lively writing from students. They are also a useful tool because they requires less time for teachers to respond to. After distinguishing between high- and low-stakes assignments, Elbow discusses the merits of an array of teacher responses, from minimal- and low-stakes responses (merely underlining effective elements of student writing) to the more critical responses that do not seem to be very helpful to students. Students often resist commentary on their writing, if they read it at all. Elbow recommends the use of more low-stakes response because it is overall more likely to be beneficial to students. He also describes some strategies for implementing low stakes writing and response. [Thomas Mock]
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, low-stakes, assignment, response, high-stakes, minimal-marking, pedgogy, commenting, student-resistance
Eldridge, Sarah Dennis. (1990). Discovery by design: A writing course for visual arts [doctoral thesis]. Pittsburgh, PA: Carnegie-Mellon University.
Keywords: discovery, WAC, visual, write-to-learn, graphic, fine-arts, discovery
Emerson, George H.. (1974). Revised system of evaluation. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 111 465.
Keywords: WAC, evaluation, testing, abstract-writing, summary-writing, contrast-group, data, grading, questionnaire, student-opinion, write-to-learn
Engle, Randall K.. (1996). The use of e-mail-mediated instructional conversations in content area reading and writing courses [doctoral thesis]. Logan, UT: Utah State University.
Keywords: email, networked, write-to-learn, WAC, read-write, mediated
English, Tom. (1997). Writing to learn and journal applications in the introductory astronomy course. http://wac.colostate.edu/atd/archives.cfm [full-text]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 02.2, 18-28.
This article discusses the effects of one writing-to-learn activity, the student observation journal, as it was applied to the Introductory Astronomy Course at Gardner-Webb University. The author concludes that these logs have favorably enhanced the course, allowing the instructor a means of assessing student progress and allowing the students to receive feedback on the material at hand. [WAC Clearinghouse]
Keywords: write-to-learn, journal, astronomy-course, WAC, introductory, applied
Estes, Gisela B.; Barbara Lopez-Mayhew; Marie-Therese Gardner. (1998). Writing in the foreign languages department. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 09, 69-81.
Keywords: WAC, L2-department, L2-course, write-to-learn
Estes, Paul L.. (1989). Writing across the mathematics curriculum. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 01, 10-16.
Keywords: WAC, mathematical, program, write-to-learn
Evans, Mary M.; Kwasi Machupa; Lillian Williamson; Beverly Mosely Arbria Griffin. (1991). Writing about social studies content. In Morris, Barbra S. (Ed.); Detroit Public Schools; University of Michigan; Writing to learn in disciplines: Detroit teachers combine research and practice in their classrooms (a Detroit Public Schools/University of Michigan collaborative publilcation); ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 333 420.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, school-college, social-studies-course, social
Farmer, Mary. (1992). Critical reading, writing to learn, and co-operative learning in the life science course. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, biology-course, critical-thinking, reading, two-year
Farrell, Jacqueline M.. (1983). English and the content area. The Leaflet 82.1, 6-7.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn
Faulconer, James E.; Richard N. Williams; Dennis J. Packard. (1988). Using critical reasoning to teach writing. Teaching Philosophy 11, 229-244.
Keywords: WAC, philosophy-course, critical-thinking, write-to-learn, reasoning
Fauth, Gloria; Robert Gilstrap; Joan Isenberg. (1983). Teaching teachers to teach writing: A modeling approach. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, retraining, English-ed
Feldman, Ann M.. (1996). Writing and learning in the disciplines [textbook]. New York: HarperCollins.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, guidelines
Fellows, Nancy J.. (1993). The importance of reading, writing and talking in preservice teachers' thinking changes. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 361 300.
Keywords: pre-post, data, gain, WAC, psychology-course, pre-service, write-to-learn, student-opinion
Finke, Gretchen R.; Stephen F. Davis. (1988). The introductory psychology journal: A technique for increasing course relevance. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 297 670.
Keywords: gain, student-opinion, data, psychology-course, journal-writing, WAC, Emporia State University, personal, write-to-learn, questionnaire, student-opinion, Likert, introductory, relevance
Fisher, Linda E.. (1996). Writing to facilitate learning in microbiology. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 399 166.
Keywords: biology-course, write-to-learn, diagnosis, summary-writing, in-class, group, laity, audience, discourse-study, pedagogy, WAC
Fishman, Stephen. (1985). Writing to learn in philosophy. Teaching Philosophy 08, 331-334.
Keywords: write-to-learn, philosophy-course, WAC, philosophy
Fishman, Stephen. (1989). Writing to learn in philosophy: A before and after story. Teaching Philosophy 11, 229-244.
Keywords: write-to-learn, philosophy-course, WAC, philosophy
Fishman, Stephen M.. (1989). Writing and philosophy. Teaching Philosophy 12, 361-374.
Keywords: WAC, philosophy-course, write-to-learn, teacher-story, philosophy
Fishman, Stephen M.. (1997). Student writing in philosophy: A sketch of five techniques. In Sorcinelli, Mary Deane; Peter Elbow (Eds.), Writing to learn:Strategies for assigning and responding to writing across the disciplines (New directions for teaching and learning, No. 69); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, philosophy-course, pedagogy, assignment, philosophy, student-writing
Fistek, Michelle Anne. (1998). Writing in the social science department. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 09, 82-88.
Keywords: WAC, social-science-program, write-to-learn, social
Flesher, Tatyana. (2003). Writing to learn in mathematics. [fulltext]. WAC Journal 14, 37-48.
Keywords: WAC, mathematics-course, write-to-learn
Flynn, Elizabeth A.; Kathryn Remlinger; William Bulleit. (1997). Interaction across the curriculum. JAC: Journal of Advanced Composition 17.3, 343-364.
Keywords: WAC, interaction, engineering, project, write-to-learn, technical-communication
Foote, Walter. (1981). Teachers in all disciplines should teach writing. http://comppile.org/archives/fforum/fforum2(2).htm [fulltext]. fforum: A Newsletter of the English Composition Board, University of Michigan 02.2, 71-72, 88.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, disciplinary, faculty expertise, department, teacher-cooperation
Forsman, Syrene. (1985). Writing to learn means learning to think. link to 2013 WAC Clearinghouse reprint In Gere, Ann Ruggles; Roots in the sawdust: Writing to learn across the disciplines; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: write-to-learn, write-to-think, pedagogy, learning-theory, WAC
Fralick, Katharine G.. (1990). From writing to discussion. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 02, 118-121.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, discussion-preparation
Friedman, Hal M.. (1997). Painting societal portraits: One approach to teaching critical reading and writing. Teaching History: A Journal of Methods 22.2, 64-72.
Keywords: history-course, foreign relations, write-to-learn, summary-writing, critical review, academic, film, memoir, WAC, portrait-writing
Fulwiler, Toby. (1980). Journals across the disciplines. English Journal 69.9, 14-19.
Keywords: journal-writing, WAC, write-to-learn, process
Fulwiler, Toby. (1982). The personal connection: Journal writing across the curriculum. In Fulwiler, Toby; Art Young (Eds.), Language connections: Writing and reading across the curriculum; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 218 667].
Keywords: WAC, journal-writing, personal, write-to-learn, assignment, sample, teacher-as-writer, teacher-log, response, commenting, evaluation
Fulwiler, Toby. (1986). The politics of writing across the curriculum. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 276 061.
Keywords: WAC, political, talk-write, write-to-learn, pedagogy, faculty-workshop, program, guidelines, language-awareness, critical-thinking
Fulwiler, Toby. (1987). Teaching with writing. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 277 021.
Keywords: pedagogy, WAC, write-to-learn, journal-writing, faculty-workshop, workshopping, composing, revising, editing, term-paper, testing, assessment
Fulwiler, Toby. (1987). Teaching with writing: An interdisciplinary workshop approach. Upper Montclair, NJ: Boynton/Cook.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, interdisciplinary, workshopping, sample
Fulwiler, Toby. (1997). Writing back and forth: Class letters. In Sorcinelli, Mary Deane; Peter Elbow (Eds.), Writing to learn:Strategies for assigning and responding to writing across the disciplines (New directions for teaching and learning, No. 69); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, peer-response, letter-writing, assignment
Fulwiler, Toby E.. (1978). Journal writing across the curriculum. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 161 073.
Keywords: journal-writing, WAC, expressive, growth, write-to-learn, personal point-of-view, pedagogy, discussion, response, commenting, teacher-as-writer, self-evaluation
Fulwiler, Toby; Robert Jones. (1979). Writing in biology: A seminar. College Composition and Communication 30.3, 308-310.
Keywords: WAC, biology, write-to-learn, seminar
Funk, Joel. (1989). The QCS method [question, criticism, or statement]. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 01, 56-63.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, discussion-preparation, questioning, critical-analysis, re-statement
Funk, Joel. (1997). Response [to Joel Funk, 'The QCS method']. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 08, 88-89.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, discussion-preparation, questioning, critical-analysis, re-statement
Funk, Joel. (1997). The QCS method [reprint]. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 08, 80-87.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, discussion-preparation, questioning, critical-analysis, re-statement
Gallagher, P. D.; L. R. Gay,. (1976). The comparative effectiveness of tests versus written exercises in a competency-based research course. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 121 810.
Keywords: education-course, research-method, WAC, examination, contrast-group, pedagogy, exercise, item-analysis, student-choice, ANOVA, data, gain, write-to-learn, competency
Ganguli, Aparna Bandopadhyay; Richard Henry. (1994). Writing to learn mathematics: An annotated bibliography (Technical Report No. 5). Minneapolis, MN: The Center for Interdisciplinary Studies of Writing, University of Minnesota.
Keywords: write-to-learn, mathematical, mathematics-course, WAC, annotated, bibliography, technical-report
Geddes, LaDonna McMurray. (1992). Journals as part of the learning process. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 354 520.
Keywords: WAC, journal-writing, pedagogy, write-to-learn
Geisler, Cheryl. (1995). Writing and learning at cross purposes in the academy. In Petraglia, Joseph (Ed.), Reconceiving writing, rethinking writing instruction; Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Keywords: WAC, cross-disciplinarity, academic, learning-theory, contextual, write-to-learn, review-of-scholarship, conflict
Gere, Anne Ruggles. (1985). Introduction. In Gere, Anne Ruggles (Ed.), Roots in the sawdust: Writing to learn across the disciplines: Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: WAC, school, write-to-learn, Piaget, cognitive, development, abstraction, pedagogy, discipline-metaphor, 'bridge', field-theory
Gere, Anne Ruggles (Ed.). (1985). Roots in the sawdust: Writing to learn across the disciplines. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: WAC, school, write-to-learn
Giroux, Henry A.. (1978). Writing and critical thinking in the social studies. Curriculum Inquiry 08, 291-310.
Keywords: WAC, social-studies-course, critical-thinking, write-to-learn, materials, social
Gottschalk, Katherine K.. (1984). Writing in the non-writing class: 'I'd love to teaching writing, but...'. In Bogel, Fredric V.; Katherine K. Gottschalk (Eds.), Teaching prose: A guide for writing instructors; New York: Norton.
Keywords: WAC, pedagogy, class-size, write-to-learn
Grange, Norman; Arbrie Griffin; Ellen Harcourt; Beverly Mosely; Anne Platt. (1991). Writing in English classes. In Morris, Barbra S. (Ed.); Detroit Public Schools; University of Michigan; Writing to learn in disciplines: Detroit teachers combine research and practice in their classrooms (a Detroit Public Schools/University of Michigan collaborative publilcation); ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 333 420.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, school-college, writing-about-lit
Gray, Donald J.. (1988). Writing across the college curriculum. Phi Delta Kappan 69.10, 729-733.
Keywords: WAC, history-course, essay-exam, write-to-learn, assignment, pedagogy
Greene, Stuart. (1991). Writing from sources: Authority in text and task (Technical report, No. 55). Berkeley, CA; Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for the Study of Writing [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 341 068].
Keywords: think-aloud, protocol-analysis , learning-log, WAC, history-course, prior knowledge, sources, text-analysis, comparison, report-writing, problem-solving, term-paper, write-to-learn, data, bibliographic-search, technical-report
Gregor, John. (1989). Writing to learn economics. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 01, 52-55.
Keywords: WAC, economics-course, write-to-learn
Grennan, Kevin F.. (1989). The journal in the classroom: Tool for discovery. Equity and Excellence 24.3, 38-40.
Keywords: journal-writing, WAC, write-to-learn, questioning, integrative, adult-ed, reentry, apprehension, problem-solving, discovery
Griffin, C. W.. (1983). A process of critical thinking: Using writing to teach many disciplines. Improving College and University teaching 31.3, 121-128.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, theory, assignment, revising, pedagogy, evaluation
Grimes, Dorothy G.. (1982). The English department, the teaching of writing, and the academic community: Particle, wave, and field. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 220 855.
Keywords: University of Montevallo [Alabama], process, WAC, FYC, write-to-learn, theory-practice, agenda
Grisdale, Ernie. (1992). Critical thinking through writing in chemistry. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, chemistry-course
Guckin, Alice Mae. (1992). The role of mathematics informal focused writing in college mathematics instruction [doctoral thesis]. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota.
Keywords: write-to-learn, mathematics-course, WAC, focused-writing, informal
Hadaway, Nelda H.. (1992). Using writing to teach and learn geometry [doctoral thesis]. Atlanta, GA: Georgia State University.
Keywords: WAC, geometry, write-to-learn, constructivism
Hain, Bonnie A.; Richard Louth. (1999). Read, write, and learn: Improving literacy instruction across the disciplines. In Robertson, Alice; Barbara Smith (Eds.), Teaching in the 21st century: Adapting writing pedagogies to the college curriculum; New York: Falmer Press.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC
Hale, Cheryl. (1992). Reading newspapers in search of psychology. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: write-to-learn, psychology-course, newspaper, reading, WAC, two-year
Hall, Susan; Theresa Tiggeman. (1995). Principal, interest, and writing to learn. English in Texas 26.3, 53-56.
Keywords: bizcom, finance-course, WAC, usage, contextual, presupposition, write-to-learn
Hamilton, David. (1980). Interdisciplinary writing. College English 41.7, 780-796.
Keywords: WAC, interdisciplinary, curriculum, intensive, FYC, discovery, write-to-learn
Hamilton, Sharon; Robert H. Orr. (2001). Writing to learn quantitative analysis: Doing numbers with words works!. [fulltext]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 12, 49-61.
Keywords: WAC, mathematics-course, write-to-learn, pedagogy, quantitative
Hampson, Norman. (1989). Tutorials. History Teacher 22.3, 239-244.
Keywords: history-course, tutorial, lecture, student-centered, write-to-learn, WAC, tutoring, tutorial
Hansen, W. Lee. (1993). Teaching a writing intensive course in economics. Journal of Economic Education 24.3, 213-218.
Keywords: economics-course, intensive, write-to-learn, student-opinion, teacher-opinion, WAC
Harris, Barbara; Jan Newhouse. (1992). Meyers-Briggs and learning and writing styles. In Mahony, Elizabeth M. (Ed.); Saint Louis Community College at Meramec [Missouri]; Building community from diversity: Connecting students to their learning environments. An anthology of classroom projects undertaken for the Kellogg Beacon Grant: Final report; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 064.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, learning-style, style, Myers-Briggs, two-year, style
Harris, David E.; Robert Schaible. (1997). Writing across the curriculum can work. Thought and Action 13.1, 31-40.
Keywords: WAC, review-of-scholarship, write-to-learn, retraining, teacher-cooperation, resources
Harris, June. (1991). Reader response logs as a learning device in literature classes. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 349 543.
Keywords: reading-log, reader-response, writing-about-lit, literature-course, WAC, text-analysis, data, gain, write-to-learn
Hartman, Virginia. (1992). Thinking through writing in business. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, bizcom
Haust, Bill. (1998). Writing experiences across the art department curriculum. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 09, 29-35.
Keywords: WAC, art-course, art program, write-to-learn
Haust, William. (1989). Writing for visual communicationn. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 01, 23-27.
Keywords: WAC, visual arts, communications-course, write-to-learn
Hawisher, Gail E.; Charles Moran. (1997). Responding to writing on-line. In Sorcinelli, Mary Deane; Peter Elbow (Eds.), Writing to learn:Strategies for assigning and responding to writing across the disciplines (New directions for teaching and learning, No. 69); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, response, computer, online
Hayden, Robert. (1989). Using writing to improve student learning of statistics. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 01, 3-9.
Keywords: WAC, statistics-course, write-to-learn
Hayden, Robert. (1997). Using writing to improve student learning of statistics [reprint]. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 08, 198-205.
Keywords: WAC, statistics-course, write-to-learn
Hayes, Christopher G.; Michele L. Simpson; Norman A. Stahl. (1994). The effects of extended writing on students' understanding of content-area concepts. Research and Teaching in Developmental Education 10.2, 13-34.
Keywords: write-to-learn. WAC, data, contrast-group, PORPE (predict, organize, rehearse, pedagogy, evaluation), POARE (predict, organize, answer, rehearse, evaluation), essay-exam, gain, holistic, time-series, evaluation, arrangement, planning, rehearsal, self-evaluation
Healy, Mary K.. (1984). Writing in a science class: A case study of the connections between writing and learning [doctoral thesis]. New York: New York University.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, science case-study
Healy, Mary K.. (1987). A bibliography for writing and learning. In Self, Judy S. (Ed.), Plain talk about learning and writing across the curriculum; Richmond, VA: Virginia Department of Education.
Keywords: bibliography, WAC, write-to-learn
Heaslip, Penny. (1992). Creating the thinking practitioner: Critical thinking in clinical practice. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 354 822.
Keywords: WAC, nursing, medical, critical-thinking, write-to-learn, exercise, pedagogy
Heckelman, Ronald J.; Will-Matthis Dunn III. (2003). Models in algebra and rhetoric: A new approach to integrating writing and mathematics in a WAC learning community. [fulltext]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 6.3.
This paper documents an ongoing experiment designed to integrate the teaching of college algebra and college rhetoric and writing at Montgomery College in Conroe, Texas. These are the first two college-level math and English courses that students take within the college's core curriculum. Our approach focuses on the concept of models and model building and might be easily adapted to a variety of math and writing classes. We believe we have maintained the necessary rigor of both disciplines while providing a foundation which links them.
Keywords: WAC, WID, writing across the curriculum, mathematics-course, learning-community, writing to learn, algebra, integrated
Henn, Joan Elaine. (1989). The effect of journal writing on the learning of mathematical concepts and problem-solving skills by preservice elementary teachers at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville [doctoral thesis]. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee.
Keywords: journal-writing, WAC, write-to-learn, mathematical, problem-solving, pre-service, teacher-training, elementary-school
Henry, Jim; Tammy Haili'opua Baker. (2015). Writing to learn and learning to perform: Lessons from a writing intensive course in experimental theatre studio. link to full text. Across the Disciplines 12.4.
This case study conducted by a writing specialist and a theatre specialist examines the ways in which writing to learn and learning to write took form in a course in which the ultimate goal was a staged production for a live audience. Using naturalistic methodology that deployed both ethnographic and autoethnographic approaches to analyze the teaching and learning that transpired in Theatre 490: Experimental Theatre Studio, analysts reviewed the syllabus, assignments, production journal, responses to learning-to-write assignments, students' written final reflections, anonymous end-of-term course evaluations, a video of the final staged performance, and responses to a questionnaire completed by students nearly two years after the staged performance. Findings that incorporate video clips from the staged performance shed light on elements of teaching and learning that pass undetected when written artifacts alone are used to assess learning, including ways in which students learn from and about one another, learning through rehearsal and embodied performance, collaborative processes, framing research as an initial and collaborative venture, nurturing reflexive performances, learning to teach audiences, and engaging with invention as a social act. Implications are drawn for WAC/WID theory and for applications of Theatre 490 teaching approaches in courses outside of the performing arts.
Keywords: learning to write, WAC, write-to-learn, theatre-arts, performing arts, revision, audience, restored behavior, reflexivity, performance, rehearsal, collaboration, research, invention, self-consciousness, embodiment
Henry, Louis H.. (1986). Clustering: Writing (and learning) about economics. College Teaching 34.3, 89-93.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, writing-to-oneself, creative-thinking, creativity, exercise, economics-course, clustering
Herrington, Anne J.. (1981). Writing to learn: Writing across the disciplines. College English 43.4, 379-387.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, faculty-workshop, teacher-as-writer, prompt, assignment
Herrington, Anne J.. (1985). Writing in academic settings: A study of the contexts for writing in two college chemical engineering courses. Research in the Teaching of English 19.4, 331-361.
Keywords: academic, contextualism, WAC, chemical-engineering-course, ethnographic, disciplinary-community, data, write-to-learn
Herrington, Anne J.. (1988). Teaching, writing, and learning: A naturalistic study of writing in an undergraduate literature course. In Jolliffe, David A. (Ed.), Writing in academic disciplines (Advances in writing research, Vol. 2); Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing.
Keywords: WAC, academic, literature-course, write-to-learn, data, ethnographic, naturalistic, undergraduate
Herrington, Anne J.. (1997). Developing and responding to major writing projects. In Sorcinelli, Mary Deane; Peter Elbow (Eds.), Writing to learn:Strategies for assigning and responding to writing across the disciplines (New directions for teaching and learning, No. 69); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, assignment, response
Herrington, Anne Jeanette. (1983). Writing in academic settings: A study of the rhetorical contexts for writing in two college chemical engineering courses [doctoral thesis]. Troy, NY: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
Keywords: academic, WAC, chemical-engineering, write-to-learn, science, learning-center, wcenter, community, data
Hettich, Paul. (1980). The journal revisited. Teaching of Psychology 07.2, 105-106.
Keywords: WAC, journal-writing, psychology-course, high-school, autobiography, write-to-learn, student-opinion, data
Hill, Charles A.. (1994). Writing-to-learn as a rationale for writing across the curriculum. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 370 108.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, critical-thinking, logical, review-of-scholarship, process, pedagogy, rationale
Hill, M.. (1991). Writing summaries promotes thinking and learning across the curriculum--but why are they so difficult to write?. Journal of Reading 34.7, 536-539.
Keywords: summary-writing, skill-level, WAC, write-to-learn, school
Himley, Margaret; Delia Times; Don Wagner. (1986). Writing to learn: A handbook for the Mellon Foundation Honors Project faculty. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University.
Keywords: teacher-manual, write-to-learn, WAC, honors
Hirsch, Linda M.. (1986). The use of expressive function talk and writing as a learning tool with adult ESL students across the curriculum [doctoral thesis]. New York: New York University.
Keywords: talk-write, expressive, ESL, adult-ed, WAC, write-to-learn
Hirsch, Linda; Carolina DeLuca. (2003). WAC in an urban and bilingual setting: Writing-to-learn in English y en Español. [fulltext]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 6.3.
Hirsh and DeLuca research the effectiveness of writing-to-learn pedagogies in a writing-intensive section of an Introductions to Humanities course taught in Spanish as part of a bilingual program. Hirsh and DeLuca argue that for L2 students, writing-to-learn in their first language enables them to create meaning and further understand course material, a benefit of WAC not always available to L2 writers when faculty insist on the use of English even in low-stakes writing activities. [Michelle Cox, WAC/WID and Second Language Writers (Part 1: WAC/WID Administrative Issues and L2 Writers), WPA-CompPile Research Bibliographies, No. 8]
Keywords: WAC, WID, WAC, L2, urban, write-to-learn, bilingual, Spanish-English, ESL, urban
Hirt, Douglas E.. (1995). Student journals: Are they beneficial in lecture courses?. Chemical Engineering Education 29.1, 62-64.
Keywords: chemical-engineering-course, journal-writing, pedagogy, write-to-learn, WAC, sample, informal, lecture, class-size
Hobson, Eric H.. (1996). Writing across the pharmacy curriculum: An annotated bibliography. Journal of Pharmacy Teaching 05.3, 37-54.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, pharmacy, bibliography, annotated, pharmacy-course
Hobson, Eric H.; K. W. Schafermeyer. (1994). Writing and critical thinking: Writing-to-learn in large classes. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 58, 423-427.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, critical-thinking, class-size, pharmacy-course, large-class
Hobson, Eric H.; Kenneth W. Schafermeyer. (1994). Writing and critical thinking: Writing-to-learn in large classes. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 58.4, 423-427.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, critical-thinking, pharmacy-course, large-class, lecture, exercise, self-evaluation, peer-evaluation, commenting
Hodges, Elizabeth. (1997). Negotiating the margins: Some principles for responding to our students' writing, some strategies for helping students read our comments. In Sorcinelli, Mary Deane; Peter Elbow (Eds.), Writing to learn:Strategies for assigning and responding to writing across the disciplines (New directions for teaching and learning, No. 69); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, response, commenting, margins, negotiation, principle
Hoffman Mark E.. (2005). Linked writing to learn assignments in a computer science general education course. Segall, Mary T.; Robert Smart (Eds.), Direct from the disciplines: Writing across the curriculum; Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook.
Keywords: WAC, computer-science-course, write-to-learn, assignment, pedagogy, gen-ed
Hoffman, Marvin; A. Powell. (1989). Mathematical and commentary writing: Vehicles for student reflection and empowerment. Mathematics Teaching (March), 55-57.
Keywords: WAC, mathematics-course, write-to-learn, commentary-writing
Holbrook, Hilary Taylor. (1987). Writing to learn in the social studies. The Reading Teacher 31.2, 216-219.
Keywords: write-to-learn, social-studies, WAC, social
Hollenbeck, Albert. (1983). Mentorships and learning to write: Reflections on process. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, mentor, process, mentor
Holsinger, Donald. (1983). Writing to learn history. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, historiography
Holsinger, Donald C.. (1991). A classroom laboratory for writing history. Social Studies Review 31.1, 59-64.
Keywords: history-course, WAC, inquiry, truth, write-to-learn, role-playing, assignment
Hutto, David. (1994). Synthesizing process and product in writing across the curriculum. Dialogue: A Journal for Writing Specialists 01.2, 187-199.
Keywords: process-product, WAC, write-to-learn
Hylton, Jaime; John Allen. (1993). Setting specific purposes for writing-to-learn assignments: Adapting the dialogue notebook for a human services course. Teaching Sociology 21.1, 68-78.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, assignment, dialogue journal, notebook, sociology-course, human services, journal-writing, services
Isaacs, Ed. (1997). Writing to learn mathematics. In Olson, Carol Booth (Ed.), Practical ideas for teaching writing as a process at the high school and college level; rev. ed.; Sacramento, CA: Bureau of Publications, California Department of Education.
Keywords: pedagogy, WAC, mathematics-course, write-to-learn
Jacobs, David; R. Moore. (1998). Concept-driven teaching and assessment in invertebrate zoology. Journal of Biological Education 32.3, 191-200.
Keywords: zoology-course, invertebrate, WAC, write-to-learn
Jacobs, Erica. (1983). Improving the literature class as we've improved the writing class. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, writing-about-lit
Jacobsen, Joyce P.. (1994). Incorporating data collection and written reports in microeconomics. Journal of Economic Education 25.1, 31-43.
Keywords: economics-course, write-to-learn, assignment, data-collection, report-writing, sample assignment, WAC, data-presentation
Jamieson, Sandra. (1996). Shaping the contact zone: Designing WAC/WID assignments for composition courses [writing across the curriculum/writing in disciplines]. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 404 644.
Keywords: WAC, objective, pedagogy, history, write-to-learn, disciplinary, WID, curriculum-design
Jamison, Robert E.. (2000). Learning the language of mathematics. [fulltext]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 4.1.
This paper is about the use of language as a tool for teaching mathematical concepts. In it, I want to show how making the syntactical and rhetorical structure of mathematical language clear and explicit to students can increase their understanding of fundamental mathematical concepts.
Keywords: WAC, WID, writing across the curriculum, mathematics, pedagogy, writing to learn, pedagogy
Jankiewicz, Henry. (1999). The dialogic instructor: Co-teaching across the disciplines. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 444 174.
Keywords: Syracuse University, team-teaching, WAC, dialogic, interdisciplinary, psychology-course, syllabus, write-to-learn, authority, rhetorical, ethnographic, data
Jensen, Verner. (1987). Writing in college physics. In Fulwiler, Toby (Ed.), The journal book; Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook Publishers [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 284 296].
Keywords: physics-course, journal-writing, WAC, pedagogy, write-to-learn
Jeske, Jeff. (1993). Troubleshooting the 'W ' course. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 362 871.
Keywords: WAC, intensive, upper-division, validation, data, teacher-story, teacher-evaluation, Guilford College [North Carolina], process, write-to-learn, peer-observer, peer-editing, sequence, motivation, troubleshooting
Johnson, Julie; et al.. (1992). Evaluation of writing in a content area. Reading Improvement 29.3, 157-162.
Keywords: retraining, WAC, school, home-economics, write-to-learn, faculty-workshop, evaluation, pedagogy
Johnson, Julie; Melinda Holcombe; Gloria Simms; David Wilson. (1993). Writing to learn in a content area. Clearing House 66.3, 155-158.
Keywords: write-to-learn, home-economics, WAC
Jolliffe, David A.. (1994). Writing, teaching, and learning: Incorporating writing throughout the curriculum. New York: HarperCollins College Publishers.
Keywords: WAC, institution, write-to-learn, pedagogy
Juell, Pat. (1985). The course journal. link to 2013 WAC Clearinghouse reprint In Gere, Ann Ruggles; Roots in the sawdust: Writing to learn across the disciplines; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, journal-keeping, learning-log, pedagogy
Kadesch, Margot C.; Ellen D. Kolba; Sheila C. Crowell. (1991). Insights into academic writing: Strategies for advanced students [textbook]. White Plains, NY: Longman.
Keywords: WAC, guidelines, social-science-course, write-to-learn, drafting, assignment, philosophy-course, anthropology-course, economics-course, business-course, history-course, literature-course
Kallman, Corinne. (1991). The effects of journal writing on the beliefs, attitudes, and achievement of elementary education students in a content course in mathematics [doctoral thesis]. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma.
Keywords: journal, English-ed, WAC, write-to-learn, mathematics-course
Kalmbach, James; William Powers. (1982). Shaping experience: Narration and understanding. In Fulwiler, Toby; Art Young (Eds.), Language connections: Writing and reading across the curriculum; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 218 667].
Keywords: narrative, audience, autobiography, write-to-learn, WAC
Karcher, Barbara C.. (1988). Sociology and writing across the curriculum: An adaptation of the sociological journal. Teaching Sociology 16.2, 168-172.
Keywords: sociology-program, WAC, paper-load, grading, journal-writing, write-to-learn
Karlson, Robert. (1983). The teaching of writing: Applications of Lazanov. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, Lazanov, applied
Katz, Joseph. (1988). Does teaching help students learn?. In Kimball, Bruce A. (Ed.), Teaching undergraduates: Essays from the Lilly Endowment Workshop on Liberal Arts; Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books.
Keywords: write-to-learn, objective, self-learning, curiosity, self-esteem, talk-write, listening, coverage, teaching fellow, WAC, group, teacher-research
Katz, P. S.; T. E. Warner. (1988). Writing as a tool for learning. IEEE Transactions on Education 31.3, 214-216.
Keywords: write-to-learn, engineering-course, WAC
Keller, John C.; et al.. (1993). The development of a dental student research program. Journal of Dental Education 57.5, 369-372.
Keywords: write-to-learn, dental-program, graduate, oral-presentation, WAC, University of Iowa
Kelly, Leonard P.. (1987). Writing assignments can be an invitation to learning. Perspectives for Teachers of the Hearing Impaired 06.1, 21-23.
Keywords: disability, hearing-impaired, write-to-learn, WAC, school-college, pedagogy
Kelly, Leonard P.. (1995). Encouraging faculty to use writing as a tool to foster learning in the disciplines through writing across the curriculum. American Annals of the Deaf 140.1, 16-22.
Keywords: WAC, disability, deafness, implementation, pedagogy, objective, faculty-workshop, write-to-learn
Kelton, Saul; Princeton University, Mid-Career Fellowship Program. (1997). On assessing philosophical literacy. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 409 943.
Keywords: WAC, philosophy-course, evaluation, essay-exam, essay-writing, grading, write-to-learn, pedagogy, philosophy
Killen, Linda. (1983). Essay examinations: Diagnostic tools and/or learning experience. In Writing Across the Curriculum Program (Ed.), Working papers on writing and learning; Radford, VA: Radford University.
Keywords: WAC, essay-exam, diagnosis, write-to-learn
Kirk, David; Richard Tinning. (1992). Physical education pedagogical work as praxis. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 350 296.
Keywords: kinesiology-course, WAC, praxis, reflection, teacher-research, teacher-log, write-to-learn, pedagogy
Knoblauch, C. H.; Lil Brannon. (1983). Writing as learning through the curriculum. College English 45.5, 465-474.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, pedagogy, journal, notebook, George Kelley, Anne Herrington
Knoblauch, C. H.; Lil Brannon. (1984). Response [to James Walter, James P. Beck, and Jeanie C. Crain. College English 46.4, 407-409.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn
Kosidowski, Paul. (1996). Building a foundation: Architecture education and writing pedagogy. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 398 593.
Keywords: WAC, architecture-course, studio, classroom, notebook-keeping, write-to-learn, pedagogy
Kruse, Otto. (2006). The origins of writing in the disciplines: Traditions of seminar writing and the Humboldtian ideal of the research university. Written Communication 23.3, 331-352.
The introduction of seminars to university teaching marks the onset of a new teaching philosophy and practice in which writing is used to make students independent learners and researchers. Although the beginnings of writing pedagogy at American universities are well documented, little is known about its origins in Germany. The article tracks the history of seminar teaching back to its roots and reviews its historical development from the very beginnings to the point when seminars became the pedagogical flagship of the Humboldtian research university. Twenty seminar regulations from Prussian universities, written between 1812 and 1839, are reviewed with respect to the prescriptions they contain about writing. They reveal that a writing-to-learn pedagogy was elaborated as early as about 1820. The most important claim of the article is that an early concept of writing in the disciplines was central to the development of the Humboldtian research university [journal abstract]
Keywords: academy, history, theory, seminar, term-paper, pedagogy, Germany, 19th-century, Wilhelm Humboldt, Prussia, write-to-learn, disciplinary, research university, WID, WAC, write-to-learn, genesis, idealized, tradition
Kulig, John. (1989). Novel writing assignments in the psychology of learning. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 01, 66-70.
Keywords: WAC, education-course, psychological, learning-process, learning-theory, fiction-writing, novel, write-to-learn
Kurfiss, Joanne. (1985). Do students really learn from writing?. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 293 123.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, grading, microtheme, note-taking, short-essay
Kurfiss, Joanne. (1985). Do students really learn from writing?. Writing across the Curriculum [Southern Technical Institute] 03.1, 3-4.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, needs-analysis, model, assignment, microtheme, course content, review-of-scholarship
Laipson, Hannah Karp. (1991). Discipline-specific assignments: Primary resources for writing across the curriculum. In Stanley, Linda (Ed.), Writing across the curriculum in community colleges (New directions for community colleges, No. 73); San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, assignment, discipline-specific, resources
Lams, Victor. (1982). How to use writing to boost learning across the disciplines: Further suggestions to teachers of courses other than English Composition for improving student thinking through writing. Chico, CA: California State University, Chico.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, critical-thinking, California State University, Chico
Larsen, Richard B.. (1986). Synergistic teaching. College Teaching 34.4, 145-148.
Keywords: pedagogy, synergy, WAC, thinking-across-the-campus, critical-thinking, write-to-learn, epistemic, discovery
Larson, Richard. (1983). Writing in the academic and professional disciplines. New York: Herbert Lehman College.
Keywords: WAC, retraining, write-to-learn, assignment, commenting, sample
Laufer, Doug; Rick Crosser. (1990). The 'writing-across-the-curriculum' concept in accounting and tax courses. Journal of Education for Business 66.2, 83-87.
Keywords: WAC, accounting-course, tax-course, Weber State College, assignment, pedagogy, data, write-to-learn
Leahy, Richard. (1985). The power of the three student journal. College Teaching 33.3, 108-112.
Keywords: journal-writing, write-to-learn, WAC, grading, problem-posing, discovery
Leahy, Richard. (1989). Writing centers and writing-for-learning. link to full text. Writing Center Journal 10.1, 31-39.
Keywords: wcenter, WAC, write-to-learn
Legge, Anne. (1992). I was forced to think (English). In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, literature-course
Lesnak, Richard J.. (1993). Using linguistics in the teaching of developmental and remedial algebra. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 366 383.
Keywords: data, gain, contrast-group, pre-post, mathematics-course, basic, Robert Morris College [Pennsylvania], WAC, write-to-learn, clarity
Levy, Linda. (1998). How do HPER majors learn to write? [Health, Physial Education and Recreation]. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 09, 14-21.
Keywords: WAC, kinesiology-course, write-to-learn, pedagogy, health-science, recreational, sports, play
Lewis, Roger. (1983). Marking myself marking papers. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, commenting
Light, Richard J.. (1990). The Harvard Assessment Seminars: Explorations with students and faculty about teching, learning, and student life: First report, 1990. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University, Graduate School of Education.
Keywords: WAC, student-opinion, write-to-learn, data, seminar, assessment
Liss, Julie M.; Stephanie D. Hanson. (1993). Writing-to-learn in science. Journal of College Science Teaching 22.6, 342-345.
Keywords: science-course, WAC, write-to-learn, pedagogy, student-opinion
Lubbers, Egbert. (1942). The college workbook put to work. Junior College Journal 13.2, 89-92.
Keywords: two-year, economics-course, WAC, write-to-learn, learning-log
Lund, Donna J.. (1989). A structural approach to integrating write to learn in all disciplines. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 304 698.
Keywords: WAC, Robert Morris College, business, write-to-learn, retraining, program-design, implementation, integrated
Lunsford, Ronald F.. (1997). When less is more: Principles for responding in the disciplines. In Sorcinelli, Mary Deane; Peter Elbow (Eds.), Writing to learn:Strategies for assigning and responding to writing across the disciplines (New directions for teaching and learning, No. 69); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, response, principle, data, frequency
Madigan, Chris. (1987). Writing as a means, not an end. Journal of College Science Teaching 16, 245-249.
Keywords: WAC, mathematics-course, science-course, write-to-learn, theory, program, USA, survey, data
Maimon, Elaine P.. (1991). Errors and expectations in writing across the curriculum: Diversity, equity, and the ideology of writing across the curriculum. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 331 092.
Keywords: WAC, diversity, equity, ideology, write-to-learn, theory, individualization, expectation
Males, Terry. (1997). The dialectical nature of writing and its implications for learning subject matter courses. English Quarterly 29.2, 46-56.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, dialectic, hermeneutic, Gadamer, process, activity, questioning, implication
Malinowski, Walt. (1992). HLT 116 personal wellness classes. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, wellness-course
Marik, Ray. (1985). Teaching special education history using writing-to-learn. link to 2013 WAC Clearinghouse reprint In Gere, Ann Ruggles; Roots in the sawdust: Writing to learn across the disciplines; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: education-course, disability, history-course, write-to-learn, pedagogy, WAC
Marx, Michael Steven. (1987). Joining the composition classroom and the content course: A contextualized approach for teaching developmental writing. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 285 175.
Keywords: basic, University of Michigan, WAC, write-to-learn, syllabus, assignment, journal-writing, conferencing, placement, data, contextualization
Mazur, Barry C.. (1999). The challenges of writing math. Harvard Writing Project Bulletin (Fall), 5.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, mathematics-course, Harvard University
McCabe, Don F.. (1994). Writing (and talking) to learn: Integrating disciplinary content and skills development. In University of Florida, Institute of Higher Education (Eds.); Valdosta State College; Lake City Community College [Lake City, FL]; Proceedings of the eighteenth National Conference on Successful College Teaching (February 26-28, 1994, Orlando, Florida); ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 390 454.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, disciplinary, course-content, skill-level, improvement, integrated
McCleary, Bill. (1997). Changes in accounting education include increased use of writing tasks. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 404 656.
Keywords: University of Illinois, accounting department, program, WAC, collaborative, write-to-learn, case-method, Project Discovery, Rama Ramamurthy, teaching-assistant
McCleary, William J.. (1990). Kenneth Eble on writing in college: Ahead of his time. In Jussawalla, Feroza (Ed.), Excellent teaching in a changing academy: Essays in honor of Kenneth Eble (New Directions for teaching and learning No. 44); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Keywords: Kenneth Eble, term-paper, WAC, collaboration, handwriting, write-to-learn
McCulley, George A.. (1986). Research in writing across the curriculum: Beginnings. In Young, Art; Toby Fulwiler (Eds.), Writing across the disciplines: Research into practice; Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 264 592].
Keywords: WAC, review-of-scholarship, research-method, write-to-learn
McGee, Diane; Christine Starnes; John Abbott College [Sainte Anne de Bellevue, Quebec]. (1988). Evaluation as empowerment: Holistic evaluation across the curriculum. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 319 425.
Keywords: John Abbott College [Montreal], Canada, assessment, holistic, WAC, write-to-learn, faculty-opinion, student-opinion, grading, contrast-group, data, sample rating rubric
McKay, Roberta. (1996). Journal writing in social studies: Current concerns. Canadian Social Studies 30.2, 56-57.
Keywords: journal-writing, social-studies-course, WAC, write-to-learn, critical-thinking, metacognition, social
McMillen, Liz. (1986). Science and math professors are assigning writing drills to focus students' thinking. Chronicle of Higher Education 31.19 (January 22), 19-21.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, mathematics-course, write-to-learn, classroom, critical-thinking, improvement, drill
McMullen, Hal. (1992). Augmenting critical thinking through writing in an introductory philosophy course. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, philosophy-course, introductory, philosophy
McNeil, Lynda D.. (1988). Logging the interpretive act: Dialogical interaction in the literature classroom. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 297 369.
Keywords: literature-course, critical-thinking, journal-writing, reading-log, write-to-learn, WAC, hypothesis-testing, self-reflection, critical consciousness, dialogic, interpretation
Meade, Martin J.. (1983). Student writing in courses: Specific strategies for minimizing faculty workload. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 238 784.
Keywords: psychology-course, WAC, write-to-learn, paper-load, pedagogy, evaluation, assignment, essay-length, self-evaluation, peer-evaluation, minimal marking, commenting, student-writing
Metcalf, James. (1983). Addendum: Please coach you're getting ink on my sweatsocks. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, coaching
Metcalf, James. (1983). Written expression--motor expression. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, motor, expressive
Metcalf, James A.. (1979). Teaching writing in physical education and recreation. Journal of Physical Education and Recreation (November/December), 50, 38.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, kinesiology-course, recreational, play
Meyer, Rochelle Wilson. (1991). A classroom note on integrating literacy activities into the mathematics classroom. Mathematics and Computer Education 25.1, 38-41.
Keywords: mathematics-course, WAC, write-to-learn, summary-writing, microtheme, essay-writing, presentation, assignment, integrated
Meyer, Rosalind. (1980). Where might is write: Reflections on essay-writing for external students of humanities. Waurn Ponds, Victoria, Australia: Deakin University, Centre for Educational Services.
Keywords: essay-writing, humanities, WAC, write-to-learn, science-course
Middleton, James. (1981). A rationale for writing in the content areas. http://comppile.org/archives/fforum/fforum2(2).htm [fulltext]. fforum: A Newsletter of the English Composition Board, University of Michigan 02.2, 82, 88-89.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, audience, content-course, model, teaching-assistant, teacher-cooperation, team-teaching, backscratching, discovery, activity, rationale
Middleton, James Edward. (1983). Linking writing instruction to subject area learning: Rationale, structures and strategies [doctoral thesis]. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, theory, curriculum, rationale
Mierse, William; Jean Kiedaisch. (1995). Fitting writing into the survey. Art Journal 54.3, 82-86.
Keywords: art-course, write-to-learn, WAC, journal-writing, University of Vermont, intensive, pedagogy
Miller, Carol; Thomas Brothen; Jay Hatch; Norman Moen. (1988). Beyond functional literacy: An integrated writing across the curriculum package for basic writers. Research and Teaching in Developmental Education 05.1, 5-16.
Keywords: functional literacy, WAC, basic, learning-community, history-course, environmental-science-course, FYC, University of Minnesota, critical-thinking, course-content, integrated, environmental, write-to-learn
Miller, L. Diane; David A. England. (1989). Writing to learn algebra. Science and Mathematics 89, 299-312.
Keywords: mathematics-course, write-to-learn, WAC, in-class, assignment, school
Miller, Richard L.; W. Wozniak; M. Rust; B. Miller; J. Slezak. (1996). Counterattitudinal advocacy as a means of enhancing instructional effectiveness: How to teach students what they do not want to know. Teaching of Psychology 23.4, 215-219.
Keywords: psychology-course, essay-writing, assignment, write-to-learn, student-attitude, belief, resistance, counter-claim, counterattitudinal advocacy
Miller, Robert S.. (1999). Connecting with first-year experience through writing: Interviews of Dick Hunnewell and Kate Donahue. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 10, 29-32.
Keywords: WAC, first-year-seminar, first-year experience, write-to-learn, teacher-interview, Dick Hunnewell, Kate Donahue
Minton, Roland. (1991). The ethical consultant. PRIMUS: Problems, Resources, and Issues in Mathematics Undergraduate Studies 01.1, 45-48.
Keywords: mathematics-course, WAC, write-to-learn, report-writing, consultancy, tutoring, ethical, case-method
Miracle, Andrew W., Jr.. (1981). Teaching urban anthropology: An experiential approach. Urban Anthropology 10.4, 309-317.
Keywords: anthropology-course, urban, WAC, write-to-learn, Jerome Bruner, development, experiential, urban
Mochamer, Randi Ward. (1985). Teaching writing as thinking across the secondary curriculum: An annotated bibliography. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 259 401.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, critical-thinking, high-school, bibliography, annotated, review-of-scholarship
Moore, Randy. (1992). Writing to learn biology. Fort Worth. TX: Saunders College Publishing.
Keywords: write-to-learn, biology, WAC
Moore, Randy. (1993). Does writing about science improve learning about science. Journal of College Science Teaching 22.4, 212-217.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, science-course, pedagogy, student-attitude, contrast-group, gain, data
Moore, Randy. (1994). Writing as a tool for learning biology. Bioscience 44.9, 613-617.
Keywords: biology-course, write-to-learn, decline, pedagogy, improvement, WAC
Morgan, Lorraine; Bill Friar; Jean Kutner. (1987). Pushing the write button: Writing-across-the-curriculum. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 280 028.
Keywords: biology-course, WAC, Stanford University, write-to-learn, wcenter, speak-write, data, interdisciplinary
Morris, Barbara S.. (1991). Bibliography. In Morris, Barbra S. (Ed.); Detroit Public Schools; University of Michigan; Writing to learn in disciplines: Detroit teachers combine research and practice in their classrooms (a Detroit Public Schools/University of Michigan collaborative publilcation); ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 333 420.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, school-college, bibliography
Morrissey, Thomas J.. (1982). The five-minute entry: A writing exercise for large classes in all disciplines. Exercise Exchange 27.1, 41-42.
Keywords: pedagogy, freewriting, class-size, WAC, write-to-learn, first-day, large-class
Morton, Robert. (1990). The drawing sketchbook revisited. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 02, 27-34.
Keywords: WAC, art-course, sketchbook, drawing sketchpad, write-to-learn, revisited
Moss, Andrew Ian. (1976). Toward a rhetoric of inquiry: A study of the theory, application, and evaluation of the interdisciplinary writing course. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 130 285.
Keywords: University of California, Los Angeles, interdisciplinary, ancillary, WAC, write-to-learn, inquiry, pedagogy, evaluation, validation, data, contrast-group, pedagogy, current-traditional, inquiry, applied
Mueller, Roseanna M.. (1986). Teaching writing through literature: Toward the acquisition of a knowledge base. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 273 963.
Keywords: writing-about-lit, literature-course, review-of-scholarship, department, curriculum, bridging, two-year, WAC, bibliography, write-to-learn
Myers, Miles. (1985). The National Writing Project: Literacy and teaching. National Forum: Phi Kappa Phi Journal 65.4, 32-34.
Keywords: National Writing Project, WAC, literacy, write-to-learn, staff-training
Myers, Nadine C.. (1991). Writing and speaking to learn geometry. PRIMUS: Problems, Resources, and Issues in Mathematics Undergraduate Studies 01.3, 287-294.
Keywords: mathematics-course, advanced, geometry, talk-write, WAC, student-opinion, write-to-learn
Nahrgang, Cynthia L.; Bruce T. Petersen. (1986). Using writing to learn mathematics. The Mathematics Teacher 79 (September), 461-465.
Keywords: WAC, mathematics-course, write-to-learn, journal-writing
Nakamura, Caroline; Robert Fearrien; Sheldon Hershinow. (1984). Write to learn: Writing-across-the-curriculum at Kapiolani Community College: A panel presentation. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 252 252.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, Kapiolani Community College, two-year
Naumann, J. A., Jr.. (1991). Letter writing: Creative vehicle to higher-level thinking. Social Education 55, 198.
Keywords: WAC, history-course, letter-writing, write-to-learn, term-paper
Neely, Lahna. (1992). Thinking through writing about art. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, art-course
Nelson, Jennie Lee. (1988). Examining the practices that shape student writing: Two studies of college freshmen writing across the disciplines [doctoral thesis]. Pittsburgh, PA: Carnegie-Mellon University.
Keywords: WAC, assignment, interpretation, write-to-learn, student-opinion, task-analysis, student-writing
Newkirk, Thomas. (1990). Time for questions. In Newkirk, Thomas (Ed.), To compose: Teaching writing in high school and college, 2nd ed.; Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, school
November, Peter. (1996). Journals for the journey into deep learning: A framework. Higher Education Research and Development 15.1, 115-127.
Keywords: journal-writing, write-to-learn, WAC, error, correcting, commenting, style, privacy, prompt, framework, discipline-metaphor, journey
O'Dowd, Kathleen; Dixie Goswami (Eds.). (1986). Learning to write, writing to learn: Madonna College Writing Program dissemination booklet. Livonia, MI: Madonna College.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, dissemination, circulation
O'Flaherty, Kathleen M.. (1992). Introducing students to the concept of the sociological imagination: A written assignment. Teaching Sociology 20.4, 326-328.
Keywords: sociology-course, social imagination, write-to-learn, personal-social, assignment, WAC, imagination
Odell, Lee. (1991). On using writing. In Stanley, Linda C.; Joanna Ambron (Eds.), Writing across the curriculum in community colleges (New directions for community colleges, No. 73); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass [ERIC Documentation Reproduction Services, ED 330 420].
Keywords: process, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, assignment, write-to-learn
Paik, Minja; Eugene Norris. (1983). Writing to learn in statistics, mathematics, and computer science: Two views. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, statistics-course, mathematics-course, computer-science
Pallmann, Margot. (1983). Verbal language processes in support of learning mathematics. Mathematics in College, 49-55.
Keywords: mathematics-course, basic, WAC, write-to-learn, problem-solving, data, improvement, verbal
Parker, Robert. (1975). An American in London. English Journal 64.4, 14-16.
Keywords: WAC, England, write-to-learn
Parker, Robert. (1975). Poetic writing and thinking: Some comments and hypotheses. In Schools Council Writing Research Unit (Ed.), Language and learning in the humanities; London: Macmillan.
Keywords: WAC, school, poetic, critical-thinking, write-to-learn
Parker, Robert P.; Bryan Newton. (1978). Writing in the Learning of Humanities: An institute. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 168 052.
Keywords: Rutgers University, institute, teacher-growth, WAC, interdisciplinary, needs-analysis, write-to-learn, change
Parker, Robert P.; Vera Goodkin. (1987). The consequences of writing: Enhancing learning in the disciplines. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 272 928.
Keywords: WAC, heuristics, heuristic, learning-theory, language-theory, write-to-learn, constructivist, entomology-course, nursing-course, psychology-course, mathematics-course, women's-studies-course, consequence
Parker, Robert P.; Vera H. Goodkin. (1987). The consequences of writing: Enhancing learning in the disciplines. Upper Montclair, NJ: Boynton/Cook.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, composing, impact, consequence
Patton, Martha D.. (2011). Writing in the research university: A Darwinian study of WID with cases from civil engineering [writing in the disciplines]. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.
How do engineers learn to think and write like engineers? How do art historians learn to think and write like art historians? How do journalists or biologists learn to think and write like the professionals that they become? Do we learn to think and write primarily by enculturation-or can we be taught how to write in various disciplines? If anything can be taught, what practices stand out as best practices? Needed to address these questions is a cohesive theory of writing in the disciplines (WID), one that accounts for both discipline-specific features of writing and features that cut across many disciplines. To that end, this book re-examines contemporary sociohistoric theories of writing from an evolutionary perspective. An evolutionary perspective of WID suggests that disciplines (complexes of academic arguments) not only change, but they evolve much like species do via a dual process of variation and selection in forums of competition. An evolutionary perspective puts a spotlight on what endures as well as what changes in complexes of academic arguments [author abstract]
Keywords: academic, activity-theory, affordance, assignment-design, case-study, commenting, cultural, Darwin, data, disciplinary, ecology, enculturation, engineering, ethnographic, evolution, feedback, genre-theory, habitus, intellectual development, peer-review, professionalization, response, revising, science, sociohistorical, technical-writing, WAC, WID, writing-to-learn
Pearse, Steve. (1985). Writing to learn: The nurse log classroom. link to 2013 WAC Clearinghouse reprint In Gere, Ann Ruggles; Roots in the sawdust: Writing to learn across the disciplines; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, nursing-course, learning-log, pedagogy
Penney, Nancy. (1992). Introduction to thinking through writing. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year
Penney, Nancy. (1992). Thinking through writing (English). In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, literature-course
Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College. (1992). Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: two-year, WAC, Lord Fairfax Community College [Fairfax, VA], write-to-learn, critical-thinking
Penrose, Ann. (1986). Individual differences in composing: Exploring consequences for learning through writing. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 270 758.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, review-of-scholarship, emotion, social, cognitive, individual-differences, public relations, personal growth, individual-differences, consequence
Perkins, Ray; Dan Kervick. (1998). Teaching writing and teaching philosophy. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 09, 46-51.
Keywords: WAC, philosophy-course, write-to-learn, philosophy
Persky, Charles; Ann Raimes. (1981). Learning through writing: A practical guide to student writing for college teachers. New York: City University of New, Office of Academic Affairs [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 236 265].
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, guidelines, response, revising, Hunter College, CUNY, term-paper, philosophy-course, sample, wcenter, student-writing
Peters, Bradley. (2011). Lessons about writing to learn from a university-high school partnership. link to full text. WPA: Writing Program Administration 34.2, 59-88.
Keywords: WAC, school-college, write-to-learn, National Writing Project, quantitative, data
Peters, Laurence. (1983). Writing across the curriculum: Across the U.S.. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, USA
Peterson, Deborah. (1985). Writing to learn German. link to 2013 WAC Clearinghouse reprint In Gere, Ann Ruggles; Roots in the sawdust: Writing to learn across the disciplines; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: L2, German, acquisition, German-course, write-to-learn, pedagogy, WAC
Petrucci, Peter R.. (2002). A writing-to-learn approach to writing in the discipline in the introductory linguistics classroom. [fulltext]. WAC Journal 13, 133-143.
Keywords: WAC, linguistics-course, write-to-learn, pedagogy, WID, introductory
Pezzulich, Evelyn. (1986). The journal as an instrument in learning and writing [doctoral thesis]. Washington, D. C.: The Catholic University of America.
Dissertations and Theses on Writing Centers, compiled by Neal Lerner
Keywords: academic, pedagogy, journal-writing, pedagogy, history, expressive, liberalism, wcenter, mode, write-to-learn, WAC
Phillips, Mary Jones; F. R. Jackson. (1989). Mapping: An aid to studying and teaching accounting. Journal of Education for Business, 210-214.
Keywords: WAC, bizcom, mapping, invention, write-to-learn
Pierce, Edward. (1983). Reinforced learning through written case studies. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, case-method, reinforcement
Pittendrigh, Adele S.; Patrick C. Jobes. (1984). Teaching across the curriculum: Critical communication in the sociology classroom. Teaching Sociology 11.3, 281-296.
Keywords: environmental-science-course, problem-solving, write-to-learn, WAC, sociology-course
Platt, M. L.. (1993). Short essay topics for calculus. PRIMUS: Problems, Resources, and Issues in Mathematics Undergraduate Studies 03.1, 42-46.
Keywords: WAC, mathematics-course, calculus-course, write-to-learn, report-writing, pedagogy, assignment, topic
Platt, Michael D.. (1975). Writing journals in courses. College English 37.4, 408-411.
Details the importance of assigning journals, describes directions and prompts for students, and discusses the advantages. Finds students are better prepared for classroom discussion, students write every day, and an increase in communication between teacher and student. [Sue Hum]
Keywords: journal-writing, pedagogy, write-to-learn, WAC, literature-course, writing-about-lit, teacher-student
Poirrier, Gail P.. (1997). Writing-to-learn: Curricular strategies for nursing and other disciplines. New York: NLN Press.
Keywords: nursing, nursing-course, write-to-learn, curriculum, disciplinary, academic, WAC
Porter, Mary K.; Joanna O. Masingila. (1995). The effects of writing to learn mathematics on the types of errors students make in a college calculus class. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 389 570.
Keywords: mathematics-course, calculus-course, WAC, write-to-learn, error-analysis, gain, data
Powell, Arthur B.; Esaie Pierre; Carlos Ramos. (1993). Researching, reading, and writing about writing to learn mathematics: Pedagogy and product. Research and Teaching in Developmental Education 10.1, 95-109.
Keywords: WAC, mathematics-course, write-to-learn, bibliography, annotated (38 items), research-method, pedagogy
Powell, Arthur B.; Jose A. Lopez. (1989). Writing as a vehicle to learn mathematics: A case study. In Connolly, Paul; Teresa Vilardi (Eds.), Writing to learn mathematics and science; New York, NY: Teachers College Press [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 309 997].
Keywords: case-study, WAC, mathematics-course, science-course, write-to-learn
Pradl, Gordon M.; John S. Mayher. (1985). Reinvigorating learning through writing. Educational Leadership 42, 4-8.
Keywords: journal-writing, WAC, write-to-learn
Press, Harriet Baylor. (1979). Basic motivation for basic skill: The interdependent approach to interdisciplinary writing. College English 41.3, 310-313.
Calls for fostering a symbiotic relationship between composition and beginning courses in other subjects, making composition interdisciplinary. Emphasizes having a dual purpose--reinforcing materials taught in other courses and teaching rhetoric, style, and technique. Describes author's composition/psychology course. [Sue Hum]
Keywords: basic, interdisciplinarity, first-year, syllabus, psychology-course, WAC, write-to-learn, interdependence, student-motivation
Radmacher, Sally A.; Elizabeth Latosi-Sawin. (1995). Summary writing: A tool to improve student comprehension and writing in psychology. Teaching of Psychology 22.2, 113-115.
Keywords: psychology-course, summary-writing, WAC, exercise, contrast-group, examination-success, write-to-learn, data
Reaves, Rita Reavis. (1991). The effects of writing-to-learn activities on the content knowledge, retention of information, and attitudes toward writing of selected vocational agriculture education students [doctoral thesis]. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina State University.
Keywords: write-to-learn, content-knowledge, recall, student-attitude, WAC, agriculture, vocational, motivation, retention
Reese, Diane J.; Paula S. Zielonka. (1989). Writing to comprehend in the content areas. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 315 767.
Keywords: write-to-learn, pedagogy, review-of-scholarship, metacognition, WAC
Reglin, Jill. (2011). Writing Fellows Bibliography. [View or Download].
Drawing on bibliographies compiled by John Lauckner and Brad Hughes and Emily Hall and expanded by Jill Reglin, this list includes the most recent articles (as of May 2011) on writing fellows programs and writing centers with robust writing fellows programs.
Keywords: writing fellows, writing fellow, WAC, WiD, writing across the curriculum, writing in the disciplines, writing-to-learn, interdisciplinary, cross-campus, campus wide
Reinertsen, Priscilla S.; M. Cyrene Wells. (1993). Dialogue journals and critical thinking. Teaching Sociology 21.2, 182-186.
Keywords: sociology-course, WAC, dialogue journal, journal-writing, collaboration, critical-analysis, textbook, write-to-learn, sample
Reynolds, Jim. (1985). Teaching writing in an interdisciplinary context: One experiment. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 307 603.
Keywords: journal-writing, WAC, write-to-learn, team-teaching, curriculum, interdisciplinary, East Texas State University, New Center for Learning
Reynolds, Julie A.; Chris Thaiss; Wendy Katkin; Robert J. Thompson, Jr.. (2012). Writing to learn in undergraduate science education: A community-based, conceptually driven approach. CBE Life Science Education 11.1, 17-25.
Keywords: write-to-learn, science, WAC, community
Rhodes, Barbara C.. (1993). Learning through writing: Teachers' perceptions and pedagogical strategies in three academic disciplines at a community college [doctoral thesis]. Indiana, PA: Indiana University of Pennsylvania.
Keywords: two-year, write-to-learn, academic, disciplinary, teacher-perception, teacher-as-writer, WAC, program, teacher-attitude, pedagogy
Roberts, Keith A.. (1993). Toward a sociology of writing. Teaching Sociology 21.4, 317-324.
Keywords: sociology-course, disciplinary, rhetorical, C. Wright Mills, sociological imagination, WAC, write-to-learn
Roen, Duane H.. (1992). A writing-to-learn/reader-response approach to teaching Antigone. In Karolides, Nicholas J. (Ed.), Reader response in the classroom: Evoking and interpreting meaning in literature; New York: Longman.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, literature-course, reader-response, pedagogy, Antigone, Sophocles
Rose, Lisa; Rachel Theilheimer. (2002). You write what you know: Writing, learning, and student construction of knowledge. [fulltext]. WAC Journal 12, 17-30.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, foreknowledge, background, learning-theory, program-validation, Manhattan Community College, CUNY, two-year
Rose, Lisa; Rachel Theilheimer. (2002). You write what you know: Writing, learning, and student construction of knowledge. [fulltext]. WAC Journal 13, 17-30.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, foreknowledge, background, learning-theory, program-validation, Manhattan Community College, CUNY, two-year
Ross, Jeff; Dixon Faucette; Central Arizona College [Gilbert, AZ], Superstition Mountain Campus. (1994). College algebra and writing: A pilot project, spring semester 1994. Final report for the Title III Literacy Across the Curriculum team. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 387 166.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, Central Arizona College, mathematics-course, algebra, contrast-group, data, examination-performance, student-opinion, pilot program, final-report, teamwork
Roth, Robin L.. (1985). Learning about gender through writing: Student journals in the undergraduate classroom. Teaching Sociology 12.3, 325-338.
Keywords: sociology-course, journal-writing, WAC, gender, questioning, problem-posing, write-to-learn, undergraduate
Rouse, Sharon; Joyce Simpson. (1991). Writing in science classes. In Morris, Barbra S. (Ed.); Detroit Public Schools; University of Michigan; Writing to learn in disciplines: Detroit teachers combine research and practice in their classrooms (a Detroit Public Schools/University of Michigan collaborative publilcation); ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 333 420.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, school-college, science-course
Rowell, Patricia M.. (1997). Learning in school science: The promises and practices of writing.. Studies in Science Education, No. 30, 19-56.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, science-course, academy-workplace, praxis
Rubano, Gregory. (1987). Using writing to teach political decision making. Social Education 51.4, 278-279.
Keywords: political-science-course, decision-making, write-to-learn, WAC
Rubin, Lois. (1988). Professors write to learn about write-to-learn. College Teaching 36.3, 94-97.
Keywords: faculty-workshop, WAC, write-to-learn, Pennsylvania State University
Russek, Bernadette. (1998). Writing to learn mathematics. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 09, 36-45.
Keywords: WAC, mathematics-course, write-to-learn
Russell, David R.. (1997). Writing to learn to do: WAC, WAW, WAW--wow!. http://wac.colostate.edu/atd/archives.cfm [full-text]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 02.2, 3-8.
Russell explores two future possibilities for WAC expansion: into the workplace and into other nations that are providing educational opportunities to traditionally excluded students. [WAC Clearinghouse]
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, activity-theory
Ruszkiewicz, John J.. (1982). Writing 'in' and 'across' the disciplines: The historical background. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 224 024.
Keywords: WAC, WID, Aristotle, Cicero, Renaissance, Peter Ramus, Francis Bacon, cross-disciplinary, write-to-learn, development, classical-rhetoric
Sanders, Ausiin; Rick Seefelt; Norman Grange; Geri Conoway. (1991). Using writing to learn to improve administration and support teaching. In Morris, Barbra S. (Ed.); Detroit Public Schools; University of Michigan; Writing to learn in disciplines: Detroit teachers combine research and practice in their classrooms (a Detroit Public Schools/University of Michigan collaborative publilcation); ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 333 420.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, school-college, administrating, teacher-support, retraining
Sanford, James. (1983). Multiple drafts of experimental laboratory reports. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, drafting, laboratory-report, science-writing, report-writing, psychology-course, pedagogy, citation-system, APA, conferencing, student-opinion, experimental, multiple draft
Sargent, M. Elizabeth. (1997). Peer response to low stakes writing in a WAC literature classroom. In Sorcinelli, Mary Deane; Peter Elbow (Eds.), Writing to learn:Strategies for assigning and responding to writing across the disciplines (New directions for teaching and learning, No. 69); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Explains how to use ìinksheddingî in lower-division classes, and cope with the mass of student writing produced. Sargent defines inkshedding as focused writing, on class topics, that students expect to share. The term avoids the baggage that 'freewriting' carries: inkshedding is not private or 'personal.' Students read each otherís inksheds and respond; Sargent says this helps them conceptualize an academic field as an ongoing conversation. In her courses, students write responses every day. To cope with the mass of responses, she sets up student groups in which students read most of each otherís responses. She describes the logistics in detail. [WAC Clearinghouse]
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, peer-response, low-stakes, writing-about-lit, student-response
Schaible, Robert; Gal Rhodes. (1992). Metaphor in science and literature: Creating an environment for active interdisciplinary learning. Journal of College Science Teaching 22.2, 100-105.
Keywords: WAC, science-course, literature-course, interdisciplinary, write-to-learn, metaphoric-thinking, metaphoric
Schlesinger, Thomas 0.. (1990). Writing assignments in world politics courses. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 02, 35-43.
Keywords: WAC, political-science-course, world politics, assignment, write-to-learn
Schmidt, Don. (1985). Writing in math class. link to 2013 WAC Clearinghouse reprint In Gere, Ann Ruggles; Roots in the sawdust: Writing to learn across the disciplines; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: mathematics-course, write-to-learn, pedagogy, WAC
Schurle, Arlo W.. (1991). Does writing help students learn about differential equations?. PRIMUS: Problems, Resources, and Issues in Mathematics Undergraduate Studies 01.2, 129-136.
Keywords: mathematics-course, differential equation, write-to-learn, WAC, contrast-group, pedagogy, examination-success, data, student-perception
Sejnost, Roberta; Sharon Thiese. (2007). Reading and writing across content areas. 2nd ed.. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, term-paper, school
Self, Judy S. (Ed.); Production and Publication Committee. (1987). Plain talk about learning and writing across the curriculum. Richmond, VA: Virginia Department of Education.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, school
Selfe, Cynthia L.; Bruce T. Petersen; Cynthia L. Nahrgang. (1986). Journal writing in mathematics. In Young, Art; Toby Fulwiler (Eds.), Writing across the disciplines: Research into practice; Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 264 592].
Keywords: WAC, mathetmatics-course, journal-writing, pedagogy, write-to-learn, class-size, large-class, lecture, data, apprehension, Daly-Miller, student-opinion, mathematics-course
Selfe, Cynthia L.; Freydoon Arbabi. (1983). Writing to learn: Engineering student journals. Engineering Education 74.2, 86-90.
Keywords: engineering-course, WAC, journal-writing, problem-solving, expressivism, assessment, record-keeping, contrast-group, write-to-learn, gain, data
Selfe, Cynthia L.; Freydoon Arbabi. (1986). Writing to learn: Engineering student journals. In Young, Art; Toby Fulwiler (Eds.), Writing across the disciplines: Research into practice; Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 264 592].
Keywords: write-to-learn, engineering-course, journal-writing, WAC, sample
Seligman, Linda. (1983). Writing in counseling and clinical psychology. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, counseling, psychology, clinical
Selove, Ramon. (1992). Teaching concepts through writing in an anatomy and physiology class. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, anatomy-course, physiology-course
Sensenbaugh, Roger. (1992). Writing across the curriculum and writing to learn. Reading Research and Instruction 32.1, 104-108.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, ERIC, bibliography, annotated, 1988-1991 (13 items)
Shahn, Ezra; Robert K. Costello. (2000). Evidence and interpretation: Teachers' reflections on reading writing in an introductory science course. [Link]. Academic.Writing 1.
The use of writing as a means of assisting students to learn and of assessing their understanding in an introductory science course intended primarily as a terminal course for non-science majors is considered in the context of a discussion of cognitive development. We suggest that, particularly where students are asked to justify their understanding by referring to concrete evidence, writing samples are a sensitive indicator of cognitive position. We demonstrate this with examples of four different types of writing used in our course: short answer exam questions, exam essays, take-home essays which may be revised, and informal journal writing. The information gained from writing assignments can be useful as feedback to an instructor regarding (a) an individual student's assumptions about what can be known in science and what form this knowledge takes, (b) what individuals and the class as a whole are prepared to understand, and (c) in what ways particular subject material is likely to be misunderstood. We conclude that these different probes can reveal different aspects of development, and that the use of any of them requires attentive reading by the instructor. [WAC Clearinghouse]
Keywords: writing to learn, writing-to-learn, WAC, science, reading, reflection, development, cognitive, introductory
Shahn, Ezra; Robert K. Costello. (2000). Evidence and interpretation: Teachers' reflections on reading writing in an introductory science course . [fulltext]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 4.2.
The use of writing as a means of assisting students to learn and of assessing their understanding in an introductory science course intended primarily as a terminal course for non-science majors is considered in the context of a discussion of cognitive development. We suggest that, particularly where students are asked to justify their understanding by referring to concrete evidence, writing samples are a sensitive indicator of cognitive position. We demonstrate this with examples of four different types of writing used in our course: short answer exam questions, exam essays, take-home essays which may be revised, and informal journal writing. The information gained from writing assignments can be useful as feedback to an instructor regarding (a) an individual student's assumptions about what can be known in science and what form this knowledge takes, (b) what individuals and the class as a whole are prepared to understand, and (c) in what ways particular subject material is likely to be misunderstood. We conclude that these different probes can reveal different aspects of development, and that the use of any of them requires attentive reading by the instructor.
Keywords: WAC, WID, writing across the curriculum, science, writing to learn, data, development, introductory
Sharp, Julie Ervin. (1987). Expressive summary writing to learn college biology [doctoral thesis]. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University.
Keywords: summary-writing, expressive, write-to-learn, WAC, biology
Shea, George Bernard, Jr.. (1991). Writing, drawing, photographing: Composing texts to learn in a biology class [doctoral thesis]. Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville.
Keywords: biology, WAC, improvement, write-to-learn, graphic, drawing, photography
Sherman, Lawrence W.. (1990). A cooperative pedagogical strategy for teaching developmental theories through writing: Dyadic confrontations (draft). ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 321 721.
Keywords: psychology-course, development, write-to-learn, WAC, assignment, sequence, mini-essay, peer-evaluation, heuristic, dyad, pedagogy
Sherwood, Donna W.; Jeffrey Kovac. (1999). Writing in chemistry: An effective learning tool. Journal of Chemical Education 76.10, 1399-1403.
Keywords: chemistry-course, WAC, write-to-learn, University of Tennessee-Knoxville
Shibli, Abdullah. (1992). Increasing learning with writing in quantitative and computer courses. College Teaching 40.4, 123-127.
Keywords: WAC, statistics-course, computer-programming-course, write-to-learn, problem-solving, comprehension, interpretation, computer-course, quantitative
Shine, Moira. (1983). Motivating university students to write and publish. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, student publishing
Shuman, R. Baird. (1984). School-wide writing instruction. English Journal 73.2, 54-57.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, interdisciplinary
Siering, Gregory John. (1992). Musings on the muse: Journal writing across the curriculum of Northeast Missouri State University [masters thesis]. Kirksville, MO: Northeast Missouri State University.
Keywords: journal, WAC, write-to-learn, Northeast Missouri State University
Simmons, JoAn McGuire (Ed.); with Joan Clemons, Howard Cohen, Porter Ewing, Fay Hall, Mary Ellen Guffey; Betty Hartwig; William Loiterman; Miriam Minkoff; Lee Musgrave; Rodney Oakes; Edward Serrano; Beverly Shue; Gwendolyn Spears; Sue Verity; George Wistreich; University of California, Los Angeles, Office of Academic Interinstitutional Programs; Los Angeles Community College District. (1983). The shortest distance to learning: A guidebook to writing across the curriculum. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 241 073.
Keywords: WAC, two-year, motivation, learning-log, write-to-learn, essay-exam, evaluation, teacher-manual, guidelines
Simpson, Michele L.. (1986). PORPE: A writing strategy for studying and learning in the content areas [predicting, organizing, rehearsing, practicing, evaluating]. Journal of Reading 29.5, 407-414.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, keyword, self-sponsored, self-evaluation, arrangement, planning, rehearsal
Simpson, Michele L.; Sherrie L. Nist. (1992). A case study of academic literacy tasks and their negotiation in a university history course. In Kinzer, Charles K.; Donald J. Leu (Eds.), Literacy research, theory, and practice: Views from many perspectives; Chicago, IL: National Reading Conference.
Keywords: WAC, history-course, write-to-learn, data, task, negotiation
Singer, Daniel; Barbara F. Walvoord. (1984). Process-oriented writing instruction in a case-method class. In Pearce A. J.; R. B. Robinson, Jr. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Academy of Management; Boston, MA: Academy of Management.
Keywords: management-course, business-course, WAC, contrast-group, revising, gain, data, drafting, write-to-learn
Sitler, Helen Collins. (2001). The workplace meets the academy: The hybrid literacy of returning RNs in journal writing for introductin to theology [registered nurse]. [fulltext]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 5.1.
Like window glass, most workplace writing is transparent. Although integral to work done well, writing is not the goal in and of itself and occurs at a subconscious level of the writer's awareness. In contrast, writing for school is often opaque, occurring with the writer's attention consciously focused on the task. The writing itself, as evidence of learning accomplished, may be its sole purpose. The writer, graded on her/his writing, cannot afford to let the words on the page become transparent, nor can the instructor, who uses the writing to assess learning which has occurred (Dias, Freedman, Medway, & Pare, 1999). The transparency or opaqueness of writing, one of the key differences between writing in the workplace and writing in school, raises questions about how students who find themselves simultaneously in both worlds manage contradictory writing demands. What happens when writers with well-developed workplace writing practices return to school? How do they respond when writing is suddenly no longer transparent?
Keywords: WAC, WID, academy-workplace, nursing, hybridity, theology, literacy, write-to-learn, reentry
Slater, Marsha S.. (1988). Collaboration as community: Outcomes of conducting research on one's colleagues. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 294 212.
Keywords: high-school, teacher-opinion, write-to-learn, interview, data, cross-disciplinary, WAC, New York City, teacher-cooperation, outcomes
Smagorinsky, Peter. (1994). Constructing meaning in the disciplines: Reconceptualizing writing across the curriculum as composing across the curriculum. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 366 954.
Keywords: semiotics, multiple intelligences, textuality, non-print, school, write-to-learn, WAC, process, multimedia, transmediated
Smith, Charles H.; Don M. Miller; Ann M. Robertson. (1992). Using writing assignments in teaching statistics: An empirical study. Mathematics and Computer Education 26.1, 21-34.
Keywords: assignment, statistics, pedagogy, student-attitude, mathematics-course, WAC, contrast-group, pass-rate, data, improvement, write-to-learn, empirical
Smith, Larry Kay. (1991). Writing to learn science: Journal writing in college physical science and its effect on achievement [doctoral thesis]. Austin, TX: University of Texas at Austin.
Keywords: science-writing, journal, WAC, write-to-learn, physical-science, improvement
Smith, Stanley G.; Ruth Chabay; Elizabeth Kean. (1989). Writing: Introduction to general chemistry. In Graves, William H. (Ed.), Computing across the curriculum: Academic perspectives; McKinney, TX: Academic Computing Publications.
Keywords: WAC, computer, chemistry-course, write-to-learn
Smithson, Isaiah. (1995). Assessment of writing-across-the-curriculum projects. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 382 994.
Keywords: Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, WAC, program-validation, economics-course, write-to-learn, contrast-group, gain, data, intensive
Smoke, Trudy. (2004). Lessons from Ming: Helping students use writing to learn. In Zamel, Vivian; Ruth Spack (Ed.), Crossing the curriculum: Multilingual learners in college classrooms; Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Keywords: ESL, WAC, academic, acculturation, Chinese-English, write-to-learn
Snodgrass, Sara E.. (1985). Writing as a tool for teaching social psychology. Teaching of Psychology 12.2, 91-94.
Keywords: social-psychology-course, WAC, write-to-learn, course-log, readings, student-response, observation, research-report, social, social-psychology
Society for College Science Teachers. (1992). Programs and abstracts of the annual meeting of the Society for College Science Teachers (Boston, Massachusetts, March 25-28, 1992),Volume 12. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 364 434.
Keywords: science-course, WAC, write-to-learn
Soffree-Cady, Flore Frederique. (1987). A pedagogical theory and practice for college writing courses and writing across the curriculum courses: A social constructionist perspective on learning through argument [doctoral thesis]. Louisville, KY: University of Louisville.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, pedagogy, theory, pedagogy, social, constructivist, argumentation, constructionist, pedagogy, William Perry, development, Vygotsky, social
Sorenson, Sharon; ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills. (1991). Encouraging writing achievement: Writing across the curriculum (ERIC digest). ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 327 879.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, expressive, review-of-scholarship, school, needs-analysis, objective
Sorrell, Jeanne. (2001). Stories in the nursing classroom: Writing and learning through stories. [fulltext]. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 5.1.
This article discusses the use of stories to teach students important meanings of course content. In this discussion, the author discusses: (a) background information from the literature to make a case for teaching with stories, (b) therapeutic uses of storytelling, (c) strategies for using storytelling in teaching, and (d) telling stories beyond the classroom.
Keywords: WAC, WID, writing across the curriculum, writing to learn, nursing, story-telling, stories
Soven, Margot K.. (1996). Write to learn: A guide to writing across the curriculum. Cincinnati, OH: South-Western College Publishing.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC
Soven, Maria. (1991). Write to learn: A manual for faculty. 2nd edition. Philadelphia, PA: La Salle University.
Keywords: WAC, teacher-manual, guidelines, write-to-learn, manual
Stanley, Linda C.. (1991). Writing-to-learn assignments: The journal and the microtheme. In Stanley, Linda C.; Joanna Ambron (Eds.), Writing across the curriculum in community colleges (New directions for community colleges, No. 73); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass [ERIC Documentation Reproduction Services, ED 330 420].
Keywords: WAC, two-year, assignment, write-to-learn, journal, microtheme
Steffens, Henry. (1987). Journals in the teaching of history. In Fulwiler, Toby (Ed.), The journal book; Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook Publishers [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 284 296].
Keywords: history-course, journal-writing, WAC, write-to-learn
Steffens, Henry. (1989). Collaborative learning in a history seminar. History Teacher 22.2, 125-138.
Keywords: history-course, graduate, seminar, reader-response, peer-evaluation, group, peer-tutor, write-to-learn, responsibility, student-centered, syllabus, reading list, list, WAC
Steffens, Henry. (1989). Designing history writing assignments for student success. Social Studies 80.2, 59-63.
Keywords: history-course, WAC, write-to-learn, independence, pedagogy
Steffens, Henry. (1991). Students assess writing to learn in large history classes. Social Studies Review 31.1, 55-58.
Keywords: history-course, WAC, large-class, lecture, journal-writing, microtheme, readings, reader-response, write-to-learn, sample, student-perception, improvement
Steffens, Henry. (1991). Using informal writing in large history classes: Helping students to find interest and meaning in history. Social Studies 82.3, 107-109.
Keywords: history-course, large-class, lecture, write-to-learn, journal-writing, reading-log, student-opinion, WAC, informal
Stempien, Margaret. (1990). An analysis of writing-to-learn in the context of a survey of mathematics course for students in the liberal arts [doctoral thesis]. Buffalo, NY: State University of New York at Buffalo.
Keywords: write-to-learn, mathematics-course, WAC, liberal arts, data, cross-disciplinary
Stevens, Ralph S., III. (1985). Writing and learning: What the students say. link to 2013 WAC Clearinghouse reprint In Gere, Ann Ruggles; Roots in the sawdust: Writing to learn across the disciplines; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, student-opinion, data
Stix, Andi. (1996). The need for pictorial journal writing. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 410 555.
Keywords: gain, WAC, mathematics-course, data, class-size, mathematics-course, journal-writing, visualization, problem-solving, contrast-group, mathematics apprehension, write-to-learn
Stocks, Kevin D.; Ted D. Stoddard; Max L. Waters. (1992). Writing in the accounting curriculum: Guidelines for professors. Issues in Accounting Education 07.2, 193-204.
Keywords: WAC, accounting-course, needs-analysis, retraining, assignment, write-to-learn, guidelines
Stocky, Rosemarie Therese. (1990). The effects of integrating reading and writing skills across the curriculum: A senior high school model [doctoral thesis]. St. Louis, MO: Saint Louis University.
Keywords: read-write, write-to-learn, WAC, high-school, G12, curriculum, integrated
Stout, David E.; Alan R. Sumutka; Donald E. Wygal. (1991). Experiential evidence on the use of writing assignments in upper-level accounting courses. Advances in Accounting 09, 125-141.
Keywords: accounting-course, business-course, WAC, write-to-learn, contrast-group, gain, contextual, night-course, assignment, data, experiential
Stout, Roland P.. (2011). 'It's a shame to put such wonderful thoughts in such poor language': A chemist's perspective on writing in the disciplines. full text. Across the Disciplines 08.1.
Keywords: chemist-opinion, WAC, assignment, write-to-learn, chemistry-course, evaluation, shame
Stover, Lois. (1986). Writing to learn in teacher education. Journal of Teacher Education 37.4, 20-23.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, teacher-training, writing as a teaching strategy
Sturtevant, Elizabeth G.. (1995). Beliefs about content literacy meet 'reality' in secondary school mathematics: Non-traditional student teachers share their experiences. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 379 607.
Keywords: high-school, WAC, write-to-learn, mathematics-course, teacher-story, sharing, data, ethnographic, teacher-opinion, nontraditional, tradition
Styles, Ken; Gray Cavanaugh. (1980). Language across the curriculum: The art of questioning and responding. English Journal 69, 24-27.
Keywords: WAC, critical-thinking, write-to-learn, school, questioning
Swilky, Jody. (1991). Cross-curricular writing instruction: Can writing instructors resist institutional resistance?. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 331 066.
Keywords: WAC, faculty-seminar, case-study, teacher-resistance, interdisciplinary, philosopher, rhetorician, write-to-learn, pedagogy, teacher-opinion, data
Taffe, William J.. (1989). Writing in the computer science curriculum. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 01, 17-22.
Keywords: WAC, computer-science-course, write-to-learn
Tanis, Paul Jeffrey. (1991). Writing in a political science class: Meaning and authority [masters thesis]. Ypsilanti, MI: Eastern Michigan University.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, political-science, authority, interpretive
TePaske, E. Russell. (1989). Writing in biology: One way to improve analytical thinking. American Biology Teacher 44.2, 98-99.
Keywords: WAC, biology-course, write-to-learn, critical-thinking
Tewksbury, Barbara J.. (1996). Teaching without exams--the challenges and benefits. Journal of Geoscience Education 44.4, 366-372.
Keywords: geology-course, WAC, oral-presentation, write-to-learn, student-motivation, engagement, sample
Thaiss, Christopher. (1983). Appendix: Brief history of writing across the curriculum at George Mason. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, history, George Mason University
Thaiss, Christopher. (1983). Introduction: How to use this book. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn,
Thaiss, Christopher. (1983). Supplementary sources for writing across the curriculum. In Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.), Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum; Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, bibliography
Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.). (1982). Writing to learn: Essays and reflections by college teachers across the curriculum. First National Conference on Non-traditional and Interdisciplinary Programs. Fairfax, VA: George Mason University.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, interdisciplinary, program, nontraditional, tradition
Thaiss, Christopher (Ed.). (1983). Writing to learn: Essays and reflections on writing across the curriculum. Dubuque, IA: Kendall.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC
Thomas, Yvette. (1983). Writing and learning. In Writing Across the Curriculum Program (Ed.), Working papers on writing and learning; Radford, VA: Radford University.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn
Thomeczek, Melissa A.; Dave S. Knowlton; David C. Sharp. (2005). Practical advice for supporting learning through the use of summary/reaction journals. [Link]. Across the Disciplines 02.
The authors of this essay regularly require students to engage in informal writing as a means to promote learning. One form of informal writing is the summary/reaction journal. In summary/reaction journals, students read a chapter or article, write a summary of that reading, and then react by offering their own insights and responses to the reading. The authors provide a theoretical rationale supporting the use of summary/reaction journals. Then, the authors describe how they introduce summary/reaction journals to students, support students as they journal throughout the semester, and assess journals once students submit them. This description can provide guidance for other faculty members in all disciplines who might consider using summary/reaction journals. (Published October 15, 2005) [WAC Clearinghouse]
Keywords: WAC, WID, writing to learn, journal-writing, summary-log, pedagogy, pedagogy
Tobin, Lad; Saint Anselm's College. (1991). Using computers for collaborative writing: An interdisciplinary project (1001). ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 414 880.
Keywords: gain, data, bridging, critical-thinking, WAC, computer, network, collaboration, co-authorship, write-to-learn
Tomlinson, Sandra. (1990). Writing to learn: Back to another basic. In Svinicki, Marilla D. (Ed.), The changing face of college teaching (New directions for teaching and learning, No. 42); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, implementation
Trombulak, Steve; Sallie Sheldon. (1989). The real value of writing to learn in biology. Journal of College Science Teaching 18.6, 384-386.
Keywords: biology-course, write-to-learn, WAC
Tusing, Gary. (1992). Writing to learn in introduction to microcomputer software. In Penney, Nancy (Ed.); Lord Fairfax Community College; Thinking through writing: Lord Fairfax Community College, 1990-1992; ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 353 016.
Keywords: write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC, two-year, computer-course, software
Ulisse, Peter; Housatonic Community College [Stratford, CT]. (1988). Writing across the curriculum. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 310 828.
Keywords: Housatonic Community College [Connecticut], WAC, program-validation, write-to-learn, guidelines, implementation
Van Nostrad, A. D.. (1979). Writing and the generation of knowledge. Social Education 43, 178-180.
Keywords: theory, write-to-learn, critical-thinking, WAC
Vaught, Alexander, Karen. (1997). A practical guide to course portfolios: Writing, thinking, and learning across the curriculum. Fairfield, NJ: Pencil Point Press.
Keywords: portfolio, evaluation, pedagogy, WAC, write-to-learn, guidelines
WAC Clearinghouse. ([ongoing]). WAC Clearinghouse. WAC Clearinghouse.
Keywords: WAC, WiD, writing across the curriculum, writing in the disciplines, writing-to-learn, writing fellows, interdisciplinary, cross-campus, campus wide, write-to-learn, writing to learn, write to learn
Wainwright, Barbara A.; Homer W. Austin. (1997). A perspective on teaching elementary statistics. PRIMUS: Problems, Resources, and Issues in Mathematics Undergraduate Studies 07.2, 164-174.
Keywords: statistics-course, WAC, write-to-learn, student-motivation
Wallace, Betsy; with Cornelia Paraskevas; Jane Thielsen; Don Weiss; Thomas Rand (Eds.). (1991). What's happening with writing at Western Oregon State University. Monmouth, OR: Western Oregon State College.
Keywords: Western Oregon State College, WAC, write-to-learn, teacher-strategy, assignment-design, freewriting, journal-writing, mathematics-course, double-entry, loop, term-paper, correcting, teacher-as-writer, student-opinion
Walter, James. (1984). A comment on 'Writing as learning through the curriculum' [by C. H. Knoblauch; Lil Brannon]. College English 46.4, 403-405.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn
Walter, James A.. (1984). Paired classes: Write to learn and learn to write. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 248 933.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, interdisciplinary, cross-disciplinary
Walvoord, Barbara E.; H. Fil Dowling, Jr.; with John Breihan; Virginia Johnson Gazzam; Carl E. Henderson; Gertrude B. Hopkins; Barbara Mallonee; Sally McNelis. (1990). The Baltimore Area Consortium. In Fulwiler, Toby; Art Young (Eds.) Programs that work: Models and methods for writing across the curriculum; Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook Heinemann.
Keywords: program, WAC, Baltimore Area Consortium, biology-course, write-to-learn
Watkins, Beverly T.. (1990). More and more professors in many academic disciplines routinely require students to do extensive writing. Chronicle of Higher Education 36.44 (July 18), A13-A14, A16.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, research-method, empirical
Watkins-Goffman, Linda; G. Joyce Dunston. (1994). Writing across the curriculum in a data processing class: An ethnographic investigation. Research and Teaching in Developmental Education 11.1, 31-35.
Keywords: write-to-learn, ethnographic, WAC, data-processing-course, skill-transfer, data, skill-level, improvement, course-content
Watkins-Goffman, Linda; G. Joyce Dunston. (1994). Writing across the curriculum in a data processing class: An ethnographic investigations. Research and Teaching in Developmental Education 11.1, 31-35.
Keywords: ethnographic, WAC, write-to-learn, data-processing-course, skill-transfer, assessment
Watson, Tom. (1985). Writing to learn history. link to 2013 WAC Clearinghouse reprint In Gere, Ann Ruggles; Roots in the sawdust: Writing to learn across the disciplines; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: history-course, WAC, write-to-learn, pedagogy
Watts, Sylvia. (1984). Science: Writing and understanding--writing and learning. In Martin, Nancy (Ed.), Writing across the curriculum pamphlets; Upper Montclair, NJ: Boynton/Cook.
Keywords: science-course, write-to-learn, WAC
Weiss, R. H.; S. A. Walters. (1980). Writing apprehension: Implications for teaching, writing, and concept clarity. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 189 619.
Keywords: pre-post, apprehension, Daly-Miller, gain, data, clarity, content, contrast-group, write-to-learn, WAC, correlation, discipline, major, implication
Weiss, Robert H.; S. A. Walters. (1979). Research on writing and learning: Some effects of learning-centered writing in five subject areas. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 191 073.
Keywords: pre-post, WAC, history-course, psychology-course, science-course, statistics-course, graduate, undergraduate, contrast-group, write-to-learn, wcenter, gain, data
West, Janet K.. (1985). Thirty aides in every classroom. link to 2013 WAC Clearinghouse reprint In Gere, Ann Ruggles; Roots in the sawdust: Writing to learn across the disciplines; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, peer-learning, pedagogy
White, B. F.. (1990). Writing before reading: Its effects upon discussion and understanding of text [doctoral thesis]. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin.
Keywords: writing-about-lit, short story, G9, WAC, write-to-learn, gain, data, school
Whitney, Anne. (2007). Literary interpretation and writing-to-learn: Commentaries in a Milton course. Journal of Teaching Writing 23.1 , 31-56.
Keywords: write-to-learn, literature-course, Milton, commentary, disciplinary, WAC, interpretation, genre
Wiebold, W. J.; R. E. Buehler; D. R. Scott. (1990). Repeatable writing assignments to enhance student writing. Journal of Agronomic Education 19.1, 51-54.
Keywords: agronomy-course, WAC, assignment, write-to-learn, improvement, syllabus, teacher-evaluation, student-writing
Williams, Jeanette T.. (1977). Learning to write, or writing to learn?: A critical analysis and evaluation of the Schools Council project of written language of 11- to 18-years olds and its development project 'Writing across the curriculum'. Sough, England: NFER [National Foundation of Educational Research].
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, Great Britain, James Britton, Nancy Martin, critical-analysis
Williams, Jeanette T.. (1978). Learning to write, or writing to learn?: A critical analysis and evaluation of the Schools Council Project of Written Language of 11 to 18-year olds and its development project, 'Writing Across the Curriculum'. Atlantic Highland, NJ: Humanities Press [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 168 028].
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, England, critical-analysis
Williamson, Michael M.; Donald A. McAndrew. (1987). Writing in college developmental mathematics. Research and Teaching in Developmental Education 03.1, 14-21.
Keywords: mathematics-course, write-to-learn, essay-length, not-grading, learning-log, peer-evaluation, assignment, WAC
Williamson, Michael W.. (1987). Basic writers writing across the disciplines I: An historical and theoretical introduction. Research and Teaching in Developmental Education 04.1, 57-70.
Keywords: WAC, basic, history, curriculum, write-to-learn, discipline-specific, functional, social, purpose, academic, disciplinary
Wills, Howard. (1993). Writing is learning: Strategies for math, science, social studies and language arts. Bloomington, IN: EDINFO Press.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, mathematics-course, science-course, social-studies-course, school, language-arts, social
Winchell, Dick; Dana Elder. (1992). Writing in the geography curriculum. Journal of Geography 91.6, 273-276.
Keywords: geography-course, WAC, write-to-learn, critical-thinking, arrangement, memorization, assignment
Wolffe, Robert. (1998). Math learning through electronic journaling. In Reiss, Donna; Dickie Selfe; Art Young (Eds.), Electronic communication across the curriculum; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English [ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 416 561].
Keywords: computer, WAC, mathematics-course, Bradley University, write-to-learn, digital, journal, journal-writing, ejournal
Wotring, Anne M.. (1980). Writing to think about high school chemistry [masters thesis]. Fairfax, VA: George Mason University.
Keywords: high-school, chemistry-course, ethnographic, write-to-learn, WAC, data
Wotring, Anne Miller; Robert Tierney. (1981). Two studies of writing in high school science. [Writing to think about high school chemsitry; Using expressive writing to teach biology]. Berkeley, CA: University of California, Berkeley, Bay Area Writing Project.
Keywords: high-school, chemistry-course, biology-course, write-to-learn, expressivist, WAC
Yoshida, Jessie. (1985). Writing to learn philosophy. link to 2013 WAC Clearinghouse reprint In Gere, Ann Ruggles; Roots in the sawdust: Writing to learn across the disciplines; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, philosophy-course, pedagogy
Young, Art. (1979). Teaching writing across the university: The Michigan Tech experience. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 176 298.
Keywords: WAC, Michigan Technological University, program, communication, self-expression, epistemological, values-formation, faculty-workshop, pedagogy, journal-writing, essay-exam, revising, write-to-learn, audience
Young, Art. (1994). The wonder of writing across the curriculum. full-text. Language and Learning Across the Disciplines 01.1, 58-71.
Structurally, a synthesis of reflection, information, and advocacy regarding writing across the curriculum; makes evident the continual need for WAC through a pedagogic lens; examines four significant premises that have undergirded the WAC movement and have thus allowed for students to become engaged in and supported by an educational setting, particularly academia: writing to learn, writing to communicate, writing as a social process, and writing as a social action; contextualizes the controversial nature of WAC by bringing to light the cross-institutional and conceptual resistance that it has faced; and concludes with a writing-to-learn assignment tested in a variety of disciplines and student writing from Young’s own classroom. [Blaise Bennardo]
Keywords: WAC, history, goal, structural, write-to-learn, communication, social, action, controversy, cross-disciplinary, faculty-resistance, assignment, pedagogy
Young, Art. (1994). The wonder of writing across the curriculum (Technical Report No. 7). Minneapolis, MN: The Center for Interdisciplinary Studies of Writing, University of Minnesota.
Keywords: WAC, history, goal, structural, write-to-learn, communication, social, action, controversy, cross-disciplinary, faculty-resistance, assignment, pedagogy, technical-report
Young, Art. (1997). Mentoring, modeling, monitoring, motivating: Response to students' ungraded writing as academic conversation. In Sorcinelli, Mary Deane; Peter Elbow (Eds.), Writing to learn:Strategies for assigning and responding to writing across the disciplines (New directions for teaching and learning, No. 69); San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, response, not-grading, academic, teacher-student, mentor, monitoring
Zarzycki, Piotr. (1992). On certain techniques of teaching mathematics at the undergraduate level. PRIMUS: Problems, Resources, and Issues in Mathematics Undergraduate Studies 02.2, 105-117.
Keywords: mathematics-course, WAC, write-to-learn, pedagogy, undergraduate
Zawacki, Terry Myers; Ashley Taliaferro Williams. (2001). Is it still WAC? Writing within interdisciplinary learning communities. In McLeod, Susan H.; Eric Miraglia; Margot Soven; Christopher Thaiss (Eds.), WAC for the new millennium: Strategies for continuing writing-across-the-curriculum programs; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Taking up the learning community as a 'curriculum change agent,' this book chapter moves from a discussion of the broad pedagogical rationales for linked courses, to a description of the structural variations in linked courses, to a lengthy discussion of linked courses at New Century College (an experimental college attached to George Mason University), to a section on assessment of writing in learning communities. Simultaneously a discussion of the principles that have underpinned WAC programs since the inception of the field and an exploration of the ways linked courses require students, faculty, and program administrators to (re)negotiate writing and writing assignments in linked course models, this chapter will be useful to researchers seeking to identify and understand the points of praxis at the center of any successful writing program. Zawacki and Williams close by noting that linked courses require administrators and faculty to 'attend carefully to understanding what students see as their purposes in writing' (132), to seek a stronger understanding of what and how students learn in relation to program objectives (133), and to the ways in which writing instruction can be enacted as a 'central mode of learning in a learning-centered pedagogy' (137). [Michelle LaFrance, Linked Writing Courses; WPA-CompPile Research Bibliographies, No. 14]
Keywords: WAC, WID, definition, linked, program, objective, interdisciplinary, learning-community, George Mason University, New Century College, change, write-to-learn
Zehr, David. (1995). Buffy and Elvis: The sequel. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 06, 15-22.
Follows up on an earlier WAC Journal article and records exercises developed by a professor in an introductory psychology class, in which students demonstrate their understanding of a discipline specific writing text by completing writing assignments built around two fictional college students. To avoid plagiarism, the teacher modifies the assignment each year--as a play, then as a short story, then as responses from newspaper advice columnists, then as a political debate.[Timothy Woods]
Keywords: WAC, psychology-course, write-to-learn, assignment, fiction-writing, short story, genre, advice-column, political debate, drama-writing
Zehr, David. (1998). Writing in psychology courses. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 09, 7-13.
Keywords: WAC, psychology-course, write-to-learn
Zehr, David; Kathleen Henderson. (1994). Buffy, Elvis, and introductory psychology: Two characters in search of a dialogue. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 05, 11-22.
Keywords: WAC, psychology-course, write-to-learn, assignment, sample, introductory
Zerger, Sandra. (1997). 'This is chemistry, not literature': Faculty perceptions of student writing. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 411 515.
Keywords: WAC, survey, needs-analysis, assignment, data, criteria, write-to-learn, faculty-opinion, cross-disciplinary, student-writing
Zimmerman, Priscilla. (1985). Writing for art appreciation. link to 2013 WAC Clearinghouse reprint In Gere, Ann Ruggles; Roots in the sawdust: Writing to learn across the disciplines; Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
Keywords: WAC, write-to-learn, art-course, art appreciation, pedagogy
Zinfon, Gerald; Herbert Otto. (1990). The pleasure of product and process: Poetry and philosophy--a few things we learned. http://wac.colostate.edu/journal/ [full text]. Plymouth State College Journal on Writing Across the Curriculum 02, 12-26.
Keywords: WAC, linked, literature-philosophy, write-to-learn, pleasure, philosophy, poetry
Zinsser, William. (1988). Writing to learn. New York: Harper & Row.
Keywords: write-to-learn, WAC, anxiety, apprehension, liberal arts, liberalism, mathematical, science-writing, music
Zucker, George K.. (1993). Student writing as a tool for study of literature. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, ED 375 642.
Keywords: write-to-learn, literature, student-complaint, microtheme, exercise, pedagogy, WAC, student-writing