The WAC Clearinghouse

Citation Guidelines

Janice R. Walker, Citations Editor
Home Page: http://www2.gasou.edu/facstaff/jwalker/
Email: jwalker@gasou.edu


Citing Sources Online | Citing Academic.Writing in APA-Style Papers | Citing Academic.Writing in MLA-Style Papers | For More Information


Formatting the List of References for Online Publication in Academic.Writing

Citations of print sources should conform to the guidelines presented in the most recent edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA). To cite electronic sources, follow guidelines for scientific style presented in the Columbia Guide to Online Style, by Janice R. Walker and Todd Taylor, and approved by the Alliance for Computers and Writing. These guidelines are posted at http://www.columbia.edu/cu/cup/cgos/idx_basic.html.

Contributors are encouraged to depart from APA and COS-Scientific styles in one respect: please provide first names instead of initials for the authors of cited sources.

Double-spacing and hanging indents used in traditional publications are print-based mechanisms. For online publication, lists of works cited or references should be formatted flush with the left-hand margin, using a paragraph break (<P>) between entries, as in the following entries.  Do not force line breaks; allow  your word processor or Web editor to wrap lines instead.

For electronic and electronically-accessed sources, follow guidelines below for COS-Scientific style.  For more information on preparing bibliographic material for network publication, see The Columbia Guide to Online Style (New York: Longman, 1999).

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Citing Works Published in Academic.Writing in COS-Scientific Style (APA, CSE) Papers*

*Note:  The examples below list the author's full name, as required by Academic.Writing.  If you are citing articles that must adhere strictly to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (4th ed.), replace the author's first name with the initial only.

To cite the journal as a whole

To cite forum discussions

To cite a specific "page" of a forum or contribution by a specific participant

To cite a specific column

To cite a featured article

List the authors name, last name first, the date of publication, and the title of the article.  List the journal title in italics, followed by the URL and the date of access.

To cite the pdf version

Even though it is usually preferable to cite the location from which you retrieved the article, it is important that you reference the version you actually used--in this case, the pdf version.  By moving "up" the directory tree, researchers can locate the journal online if desired, or, by entering the URL with the .pdf file name, they can access directly the same version which you cited.

To cite reviews in Academic.Writing

To cite CAC Connections

To cite a specific article within CAC Connections

To cite a specific article or section in a frame

To cite abstracts of dissertations and theses related to CAC

Give the author's name, last name first, followed by the date of the theses or dissertation and the title of the dissertation, with the word "Abstract" enclosed in square brackets and followed by a period.  Next, list the University Microfilms number, if applicable, in parentheses, followed by the title of the journal, the URL from which the thesis or dissertation abstract can be accessed, and the date of access.
Dannels, Deanna Patricia.  (1999).  Orality in the disciplines: A study of oral practices in mechanical engineering [Abstract].  (University Microfilms No. AAT 9924003).  Academic.Writing.  https://wac.colostate.edu/aw/theses/index.htm (10 April 2000).  

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Citing Works Published in Academic.Writing in COS-Humanities Style (MLA, Chicago) Papers

To cite the journal as a whole

To cite forum discussions

To cite a specific "page" of a forum or contribution by a specific participant

To cite a specific column

To cite a featured article

Lisst the author's name(s), the title of the article enclosed in quotation marks, the journal title in italics, and the date of publication.  Next, list the URL followed by the date of access enclosed in parentheses.

To cite the pdf version

Even though it is usually preferable to cite the location from which you retrieved the article, it is important that you reference the version you actually used--in this case, the pdf version.  By moving "up" the directory tree, researchers can locate the journal online if desired, or, by entering the URL with the .pdf file name, they can access directly the same version which you cited.

To cite reviews in Academic.Writing

To cite CAC Connections

To cite a specific article within CAC Connections

To cite a specific section or section in a frame

To cite abstracts of dissertations and theses related to CAC

Give the author's name, followed by the word "Abstract" and the title of the thesis and dissertation.  Next give the University Microfilms file number, if applicable, and the name of the University or degree-granting institution, followed by the date of the thesis or dissertation.  Finally, list the title of the journal, the date of publicaiton, the URL, and the date of access enclosed in parentheses.
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To cite this page in COS-Scientific Style:
Walker, J. R.  (2000).  Citing Academic.Writing: Guidelines for citing sources. Academic.Writing.  https://wac.colostate.edu/aw/archives/style.cfm (22 March 2000).
To cite this page in COS-Humanities Style:
Walker, Janice R.  "Citing Academic.Writing: Guidelines for Citing Sources." Academic.Writing. 2000.  https://wac.colostate.edu/aw/archives/style.cfm (22 March 2000).
For more information on Columbia Online Style, see http://www.columbia.edu/cu/cup/cgos/idx_basic.html.
Copyright © 2000 J. Walker.  Last modified 21 May 2000.

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